Tag: "producing" at biology news

UC Davis is partner in new $125 million federal bioenergy research center

...g simple fermentable sugars from lignocelluloseand producing biofuels from those sugars, the potential of the mostenergy-efficient and environmentally benign fuel crops can berealized. "The DOE JBEI will be a center of intellectual thought and provideenergy research leadership designed to meet its program ob...

Cord blood may preserve insulin levels in children with type 1 diabetes

...eir umbilical cord blood at birth. Most were still producing a small amount of insulin. The researchers then ga...the hypothesis that stem cells are forming insulin producing cells on their own. The idea would be to intervene and repair any early damage during the honeymoo...

Energy department selects 3 Bioenergy Research Centers for $375 million in federal funding

... practical solutions regarding to the challenge of producing renewable, carbon-neutral energy. At the same time, the Centers will be grounded in basic research, pursuing alternative avenues and a range of high-risk, high-return approaches to finding solutions. To some degree, one key to the Centers success wil...

Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs

...s the use of transgenic mushrooms as factories for producing therapeutic proteins, such as vaccines, monoclonal...ors, but researchers point out that the process of producing biopharmaceuticals is potentially faster and cheaper with mushrooms than conventional technologies. ...

Researchers isolate new risk marker for overweight children

...rmaceutical companies are currently on the cusp of producing new drugs that target the reduction of chylomicron cholesterol. "We already know that it's not simply how much you weigh that makes you susceptible to CVD. It's also how much fat you have and the type of fat you have that is important," Proctor sa...

Researchers pit novel version of common virus against cancer

...uld cause an infection in the bodys healthy cells, producing flu-like symptoms that are treatable, Kim said. Investigators are testing the concept in mice and in the laboratory with human pancreatic cancer cells. Pancreatic cancer was selected because of its poor prognosis and current lack of effective thera...

New tumor markers -- 'Spot the differences'

...icroarray, each message binds to its matching DNA, producing fluorescent signal. The next step was to compare the images obtained from tumour cells with the ones from normal cells. As we do when we solve Spot the difference puzzles, we try to find out what makes drawing A different from drawing B; in this cas...

Potent possibilities for parasite attack

...y acid synthase, an enzyme that may be involved in producing components of the cell membrane. CFAS is present in the genomes of L. braziliensis and L. infantum, but is absent from the human genome. The parasite genes are thought to have been acquired from bacterial species that have very similar sequences. "...

Mucosal-surface immune function discoveries could boost vaccine research

... sense the presence of abundant bacteria and start producing a factor called APRIL. APRIL, a cytokine-signaling...hemical, essentially tells nearby B-cells to start producing the IgA2 antigen." IgA2 helps the immune system keep mucosal bacteria in check. So, as bacteria le...

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?

...00 strains, including Flemings original penicillin producing isolate. They will be supplying the University of Strathclydes Institute for Drug Research (SIDR) with extracts from filamentous fungi which will be screened to identify pharmaceutically active compounds, which could potentially be developed into dr...

Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance

...alciparum degrades the hemoglobin in the red cell, producing a toxic byproduct known as heme, which the parasite then crystallizes so that it won't be poisoned by it. Eventually, however, an infected person can die from cerebral hemorrhages or anemia that are consequences of red cell infection. Natural prod...

Talcum powder stunts growth of lung tumors

... one day after treatment with talc, patients began producing 10-fold higher levels of endostatin, a hormone released by healthy lung cells. Endostatin prevents new blood vessels from forming, slows cell growth and movement, and even induces nearby tumor cells to commit suicide. All of these make it hard for tu...

New screening method to help find better biofuel crops

...n. While corn has been the major raw material for producing ethanol, producers are looking for other more cost effective and sustainable crops and researchers at the U.S. Department of Energys Ames Laboratory are looking at a novel way to help them determine what type of plant material offers the best solutio...

A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications

...nt work, seeking to identify the genes involved in producing the unknown signal molecule that plays the role of Nod factor, prompted the teams hypothesis that a molecule similar to a plant hormone (4), cytokinin, could act in the mechanisms by triggering nodulation. The discovery of the nature of the signal mo...

Scientists develop new drugs to fight colon and breast cancer more effectively

...btaining the lowest possible concentration of drug producing the most significant effect on cancerous cells. Therefore, this study has shown the importance of the presence of some toxic compounds like chlorine, flourine or uracil in drugs. This presence is one of the variables used to develop new antitumor dru...

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink

... the trials, has a pilot plant at Gosford which is producing minimal amounts for research purposes. "We are hoping the technology will take hold and pyrolysis plants will be built where there is a steady stream of green or other biomass waste providing clean energy that is carbon negative," Dr Van Zwieten sai...

Recycled garden compost reduces phosphorus in soils

...n Chan, said current management practices used for producing vegetables had reduced the structural stability of the soil and increased the potential for runoff and nutrient transport. Dr Chan said farmers in the region had relied too much on the use of poultry manure as a fertiliser. Farmers use poultry ma...

Scientists honored with 'Excellence in Clinical Research Award'

...proved to be effective at regenerating the insulin producing beta cells that are lost when people develop type 1 diabetes. These researchers are investigating ways to stimulate the existing beta cells left in diabetes patients to regenerate by applying combination therapies. If combined with therapies that b...

Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire

... deep ultraviolet radiation that bathes the Earth, producing the atmosphere's ozone layer. It also has the strongest solar connection to climate variability. "The sun's interior vibrates with the peal of millions of bells, but the bells are all on the inside of the building," said Scott McIntosh of the Sou...

A living memory chip, black holes on the loose, and a clearer picture of ocean currents

...each other, for over forty hours. In addition to producing the first chemically operated neuro-memory chip, t...tter. The study found the optimal conditions for producing recoil speeds high enough to free a supermassive black hole from its host galaxy. In this scenario, ...

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