Tag: "react" at biology news

Diatom genome reveals key role in biosphere's carbon cycle

...ould like to better understand how these organisms react to changes in sea temperatures, the amount of light penetrating the oceans, and nutrients. "Oceanographers thought we understood how diatoms use nitrogen, but we discovered they have a urea cycle, something no one ever suspected," Armbrust says. A u...

Studying the chemistry of drugs in wastewater

...studying what happens to pharmaceuticals when they react with chlorine--a disinfectant commonly used in wastewater treatment. Scientists around the world often find drugs in water samples taken from streams and other waterways, but little is known about byproducts of those drugs created during chlorine tre...

An embryonic stem cell model for Parkinson's disease

...ress, caused by products of oxygen metabolism that react with and damage cellular components like proteins and DNA. In a second paper, they link DJ-1 dysfunction to the aggregation of alpha-synuclein, a hallmark of Parkinson's neuropathology. Oxidative stress has long been associated with neuronal cell ...

Pine cones lead to a fundamental change in clothing

...t and sweats, the tiny spikes in the material will react to the moisture and automatically open up, so that... come up with an idea by looking at how pine cones react to lack of moisture by opening up," The design is being carried out by Veronika Kapsali, wh...

Intelligent clothing inspired by pine cones

...t and sweats, the tiny spikes in the material will react to the moisture and automatically open up, so that... come up with an idea by looking at how pine cones react to lack of moisture by opening up," The design is being carried out by Veronika Kapsali, who is stud...

After flu exposure, mild exercise protects mature mice from dying

...d, exercise was stopped, to mirror how most people react once they come down with flu-like symptoms. The mice were nave, that is, they previously hadn't been exercising on a regular basis. Results both striking and surprising; human flu vaccine reaction study underway 20-week-old mice that had exercised ...

New risks for bladder cancer identified by MIT team

...years ago. Arylamines to which a person is exposed react with a protein in the blood, resulting in specific products that can be detected and measured via mass spectrometry. "So what popped out of this was actually pretty startling," Tannenbaum said. "Three of the nine compounds were indeed found...

Are yeast cells bringing us a step closer in treating obesity?

...n clearly that receptors in yeast cells detect and react to nutrients in the cell. The chance is great that...d receptor proteins in yeast cells that detect and react to glucose and sucrose. The detection of glucose, the transport sugar in the blood, is of major imp...

US DHS sponsored evaluation confirms superior performance of Response Biomedical's RAMP anthrax test

... in evaluations to confirm that it would not cross react with non-Bacillus anthracis bacteria. To judge the accuracy of the data generated, AOAC organized 12 laboratories nationwide to assess RAMP's performance using identical samples. The RAMP test performed well in the collaborative study, and little v...

Delays in cutting greenhouse gasses could harm environment

..., ice sheets and other major systems are likely to react to different warming scenarios....

Ground-level ozone linked to increased mortality

...missions from cars, power plants and other sources react chemically to sunlight. Stratospheric ozone, which is higher in the atmosphere, is the "ozone layer" that protects the Earth from ultraviolet radiation. "This is one of the largest ozone pollution studies ever conducted," said lead author Michelle Be...

Diamonds are a urologist's best friend

...of diamond-like carbon. DLC-coated surfaces do not react chemically with their environment; they are hardwearing, can be sterilised and reduce friction. Even after three months in the body the coated stents show virtually no incrustation,' says Dr. Andreas Meiner, Urological Resident Physician at Bonn's Un...

Purdue researchers align nanotubes to improve artificial joints

...ubes have the same natural electrical charge, they react to electricity by orienting themselves in the same direction. Once the polymer solidifies, the nanotubes are fixed in the aligned position. The research team also aligned the nanotubes using another method in which the nanotubes are poured into grids...

International HapMap consortium widens data access

...d to differences in how individuals metabolize and react to certain medications. When the HapMap is completed next year, those studies will be able to be carried out even more efficiently. "We are delighted that our public databases will now be able to integrate the HapMap data with other genomic data," sa...

Discovery about Vitamin C explains its metabolic value

...dings explain for the first time how vitamin C can react with and neutralize the toxic byproducts of human ...U researchers say. "It's true that vitamin C does react with oxidized lipids to form potential genotoxins," said Balz Frei, professor and director of the Li...

NASA's aura satellite sheds new light on air quality and ozone hole

... help us better understand how the ozone hole will react to future stratospheric cooling, which is expected as carbon dioxide levels continue to rise," said Aura Project Scientist Mark Schoeberl of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. Aura's instruments study tropospheric chemistry and will...

Where the brain harbors unconscious fears

...lse-pounding encounter with a snarling dog, people react to fearful situations according to their basic unc... and that the people with higher anxiety tended to react more quickly in the color-identification task after seeing a "masked" fearful face versus a neutral ...

Research studies effects of soy baby formula on intestinal development

...dding nucleotides to baby formula causes babies to react better to vaccinations and make more antibodies, she said. "And although that research showed differences that were measurable, the babies fed formula with added fatty acids or nucleotides appeared to grow the same as other babies do," she said. "So...

UCI researchers create new technique for speeding development of vaccines

... or malaria. When people infected with the disease react to some of the proteins included in the microchip,...s used to vaccinate against smallpox today. Humans react strongly only to these 11 proteins, explained Philip Felgner, principal investigator of the research...

Study in Royal Society journal on sense of fairness in chimpanzees

... close, long-term social group were less likely to react to unfair situations than were chimpanzees in short-term social groups. This is the first demonstration that reactions to inequity in nonhuman primates parallel the variation in the human response to unfair situations that is based on the quality of ...

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(Date:4/23/2014)... conclusive evidence that the source of a unique rhythmic ... called the "bio-duck," is the Antarctic minke whale ( ... personnel in the 1960s who thought it sounded like ... various locations in the Southern Ocean, but its source ... 2013, an international team of researchers deployed acoustic tags ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... the likelihood of an accurate group decision increases with ... when a collective faces a variety of factors ... University researchers report that smaller groups actually tend to ... excessively focused on only certain pieces of information. , ... known about collective intelligence, or the "wisdom of crowds," ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... The shale gas boom has transformed the energy ... locations, it could cause conflict among the energy ... resources, say researchers. They add that degraded water ... adequate safeguards. The feature article appears in the ... , Meagan S. Mauter and colleagues point out ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 3Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 2Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 3How to avoid water wars between 'fracking' industry and residents 2
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