Tag: "reactor" at biology news
New system of wastewater treatment could reduce the size of treatment plants by half
...ages: pre-treatment, primary decanting, biological reactor
and secondary decanting. A tertiary treatment can ... the UGR could reduce the size of the biological reactor
between 40 and 60%, and would completely eliminate secondary decanting. In the future explains the ...
Plastic that grows on trees
...Zhang and his team, working with a high-throughput reactor
capable of testing 96 metal halide catalysts at various temperatures, discovered that a particular metal chromium chloride was by far the most effective at converting glucose to HMF with few impurities and, as such reactions go, at low temperature,...
Einstein researchers' discover 'radiation-eating' fungi
...bot sent into the still-highly-radioactive damaged reactor
at Chernobyl had returned with samples of black, melanin-rich fungi that were growing on the reactor's walls. "I found that very interesting and began discussing with colleagues whether these fungi might be using the radiation emissions as an energy ...
Renewable hydrogen energy -- an answer to the energy crisis
...ing science and engineering to deliver a prototype reactor
for domestic and industrial use. This will create ...rrant (photochemistry), Klaus Hellgardt (catalytic reactor
engineering), Geoff Kelsall (electrochemical reactor
engineering), David Klug (molecular energy tran...
Removing a hydrogen fuel-cell roadblock
.... Buxbaum is particularly interested in a membrane reactor
which combines hydrogen generation and filtration right at the fuel cell. Buxbaum obtained $2.8 million from DOE to find substitutes for platinum and palladium. Besides Russell and visiting Chinese scientist Jie Zhang, the project includes Larry Jone...
EO Lawrence Award goes to 8 scientists and engineers
... nuclear fission and fusion reactors and for space reactor
Cutting-edge projects awarded computing time on Blue Gene/L
...study turbulent thermal transport in sodium-cooled reactor
cores in order to gain an understanding of thermal...he thermal-hydraulics that governs advanced burner reactor
peak temperature, which is critical to the economy and safety of reactors." "This award will enab...
Green Chemical Reactor Engineering -- XI
...l, environmentally friendly technologies. Chemical reactor
engineers will be pivotal in the discovery and imp...hnology. Major progress is expected on biochemical reactor
engineering and this as a consequence of recent advances in the area of genetics. These discoveries ...
Thorium poised to meet world's energy needs
...I. "Today, we are on the threshold of developing a reactor
where thorium could not only gradually replace fossil fuels as the world's energy source, but nuclear energy as well." Thorium, which is plentiful in North America, can produce fewer environmental and human health hazards in its fuel production than...
Iowa State researchers convert farm waste to bio-oil
...y heating the mixture in a bubbling, fluidized bed reactor
that has no oxygen. It's a process called fast pyrolysis. The process thermochemically breaks the molecular bonds in the mixture. It produces charcoal that can be used to enrich soil. And it produces vapors that are condensed to a thick, dark bio-oil...
Sweet success for pioneering hydrogen energy project
... waste was introduced into a 5 litre demonstration reactor
(although other similar wastes could be used). The...cond type of bacteria was introduced into a second reactor
to convert the organic acids into more hydrogen. The hydrogen produced was fed to a fuel cell, in wh...
Biodesign Institute participates in first-of-its-kind 'coyote' disaster preparedness drill
...xtracted and loaded into a pinhole slot of a small reactor
in the cartridge, where a rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be performed. PCR, working like a DNA photocopier, churns out millions of copies of the sample to provide enough raw DNA material for the pathogen identification. After the PCR step...
Penn professor to present research on radiation-induced cancer on 20th anniversary of Chernobyl
...rate the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor
meltdown. An expert in thyroid pathology, Dr. LiVo... dawn on April 26th, 1986, the Number Four nuclear reactor
at Chernobyl exploded. The fallout was 400 times more radioactive than what was released over Hirosh...
3-D imaging to enable clean energy technologies
...ctor. The end result could be better monitoring of reactor
systems, including power plants. Industrial plants...asures the capacitance of the materials inside the reactor
-- their ability to store an electrical charge. Software then converts those measurements to informa...
NJIT chemists cook up new strain of carbon nanotubes
...he mixture was heated in a closed vessel microwave reactor
for only three minutes. In addition, upon closer examination, the NJIT researchers found that the new solution contained concentrations of soluble nanotubes that were as high as 10mg/mL, compared with only around 0.08mg/m, reported before. The ne...
Stable polymer nanotubes may have a biotech future
...nnels for tiny volumes of chemicals in nanofluidic reactor
devices, for example, or as the "world's smallest hypodermic needles" for injecting molecules one at a time. Carbon nanotubes are of keen interest in nanotechnology research, especially for making ultrastrong fibers and other structures. Nanotubes ma...
Science's Breakthrough of the Year: Watching evolution in action
...ggle over the location of the world's first fusion reactor
has ended -- the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) will be built at Cadarache in southern France and not in Rokkasho, Japan. One aim of ITER is to generate fusion-powered electricity by recreating the power of the sun on Earth. ...
From one cell, many possible cures
...red by adult stem cells within the human body. The reactor
bathes stem cell samples in a protein-rich liquid while also simulating the flow of the body's circulatory system. "Within the human body, each cell is no more than 200 micrometers from a source of nutrients," Ma explained. "The perfusion bioreactor ...
UV measurement tool aids defense against microbes in tap water
...re a poor predictor for the actual efficacy of the reactor
against different pathogens," Linden said. Microbe...fer many fundamental and practical advances for UV reactor
evaluation and testing, Linden said. The tool also will help validate and improve the accuracy of ma...
Rutgers findings a step toward safer chemicals in labs and industry
...ng radioactive wastes, such as plutonium, in spent reactor
fuel rods," he said. "The boron would absorb neutrons generated by radioactive decay while the solvent would safely withstand the elevated temperatures that this decay causes." Other likely applications include protein production and analysis, where ...