Tag: "reduce" at biology news

Cooperative science program yields results

...k on the excluder, we think that we may be able to reduce the loss of the larger cod." Gauvin noted more work is needed to test and fine tune the design before it can be widely adopted by the fleet. He thanked Dr. Rose for his assistance with the gear design and testing, and especially for the loaned und...

Light sticks may lure turtles to fishing lines

...lors that turtles cant detect very well might also reduce turtle deaths. All sea turtles are endangered species. A recent estimate published in the journal Ecology Letters suggests 200,000 loggerhead and 50,000 leatherback turtles may die each year in commercial fishery longlines. Total populations have d...

Scientists identify new strategy for preventing acute and chronic brain disease

...t it. Many investigational therapies for AD aim to reduce levels of amyloid-beta proteins (AB) because Amyloid-beta builds up to abnormally high levels in the brains of people with AD and is widely suspected to cause the disease. "We wanted to pursue a complementary strategy and try to make the brain more...

Use of wind energy in US growing, but planning and guidelines are lacking

...erate electricity probably would not significantly reduce emissions of two other pollutants, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, because current and expected regulations of these are largely based on cap-and-trade programs. The degree to which emissions would be further reduced through special provisions t...

Spouse may 'drive you to drink' but also can protect you from alcohol

...onal influence of the partner's behavior tended to reduce the likelihood of problem drinking. Grant says tha... begins to abuse alcohol, the other might actually reduce alcohol intake. "We don't really know how this works," she explains. "It is possible that an indiv...

Study shows tight diabetes control does not impact cognitive ability in type 1 diabetes

...tight blood glucose control and thus significantly reduce their risk of developing the devastating complications of the diseaseheart disease, kidney failure, eye disease and blindness, and nerve damage. The study, which is part of the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study (EDIC) fun...

New clues for treatment of disease that causes accelerated aging

...nd cell biology and physiology. "If physicians can reduce production of bad lamin A by as little as half in ...rk for progeria patients may one day be adapted to reduce the effects of aging. The results are published online in the journal Human Mutation. Science still...

Lab-on-a-chip device from Berkeley Lab to speed proteomics research

...) were used rather than single nozzles in order to reduce the pressure and clogging problems that arise as the microfluidic channels on a chip downsize to a nanometer scale. The emitters and their nozzles were produced from a silicon wafer, with the dimension and number of nozzles systematically and precise...

Global survey of lizards reveals greater abundance of animals on islands than on mainland ecosystems

...found that islands limited areas and isolation can reduce predation and competition pressures. As a result, island animals were able to reach exceptionally high densities. In their study, Jetz and Buckley confirmed that reduced numbers of predators and competitors accompany high lizard densities on islan...

How does soy promote weight loss? University of Illinois scientist finds another clue

... induced in the body to help us degrade lipids and reduce body weight, but it did so by boosting metabolism and not by reducing food intake," she said. To compare soy peptides with leptin, de Mejias graduate student Nerissa Vaughn, with the help of associate professor Lee Beverly, implanted cannulas in th...

New treatments have major impact on heart failure rates

...ates of critical heart failure cardiogenic shock reduce from 7.1 to 4.7 per cent. This is important as 70 per cent of patients with cardiogenic shock die. Professor Keith Fox, British Heart Foundation professor of cardiology at the University of Edinburgh, said: We know that advances in medical treatmen...

More recycling on the farm could reduce environmental problems

...e gas emissions and groundwater contamination, and reduce farming's reliance on oil imports and water. A swi... wind and fermentation of biosolids. It would also reduce overcropping and leakage from manure storage that contaminates groundwater. Yet despite similarities...

Amphibians in losing race with environmental change

...ed environment, increase growth rate of larvae and reduce predation. But the increased levels of UV-B radiation in today's sunlight, due to erosion of the Earth's ozone layer, is causing mutations, impaired immune systems and slower growth rates. Through evolution, amphibians were able to adapt to changing ...

Not so contoversial anymore -- panel says moderate coffee drinking reduces many risks

...and restriction of energy intake can substantially reduce risk of type 2 diabetes, he believes insight into ...elium to carcinogens, the ability of diterpenes to reduce genotoxicity of carcinogens, and lower DNA adduct formation, and the ability of caffeic acid and chl...

Nanotechnology provides 'green' path to environmentally sustainable economy

...y and responsibility to leverage nanotechnology to reduce pollution, conserve resources and, ultimately, build a "clean" economy, advises a new report from the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies. A "strong marriage" between nanotechnology and the principles and practices of green chemistry and green eng...

Better risk management could cut MRSA infection rates

...offered if these rigorous standards are met could reduce MRSA infection rates. Institutions with the highest number of bed days for riskier treatments, particularly surgery and gynaecology, have an increased likelihood of infection. But financial incentives could play a role in controlling MRSA infection...

Low-energy LED lighting project is streets ahead

...ting solutions that use LEDs have the potential to reduce energy consumption by between 25 and 50 per cent, ...esearchers say that LED street lighting could help reduce light pollution - and the glow that radiates from big cities could become a thing of the past. It's ...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...ntribute to the number of control barriers able to reduce transmission of the virus, particularly in facilities, such as schools and health care units, where viral contamination has the ability to cause serious infection, say the researchers. (J.O. Noyce, H. Michels, C.W. Keevil. 2007. Inactivation of i...

Researchers identify new genetic risk factors for type 2 diabetes

...ity has created a lasting legacy that will help to reduce the terrible toll that diabetes is taking on the world's health," said Dr. Tuomilehto of the Diabetes Unit in Finland's National Public Health Institute. To validate their findings, the researchers compared their initial results with results from g...

New University of Leicester study could help stroke victims

...we strive to discover new treatments for stroke to reduce the substantial impact of this disease. "This study evaluates, for the first time, an established blood pressure lowering drug immediately after stroke and confirms its safety in this group, thereby paving the way for larger studies to discover if...

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(Date:7/25/2014)... girls reach puberty is influenced by ,imprinted genes,a subset of ... gene. This is the first evidence that imprinted genes ... of this study were published today in the journal ... menarche, is a marker for the timing of puberty in ... varies between girls, is an inherited trait, and is linked ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... time, Spanish researchers have detected an unknown interaction between ... are introduced into a droplet of salt water and ... crystallisation to create biomineralogical biosaline 3D morphologically complex formations, ... bacteria are revived. The discovery was made by chance ... of the Astrobiology journal and may help ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... wildlife loss leads to conflict among people around the ... Society (WCS) Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL) ... approach to tackle global biodiversity decline. , The harvest ... world,s people and provides protein for more than a ... no surprise that today,s unprecedented loss of wildlife, is ...
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