Tag: "related" at biology news

NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research

... doctors believe that the symptoms of myositis are related to the presence of B cells in the blood and rituximab is being given to reduce the number of blood B cells. This drug has been used in other research studies in patients with other rheumatologic and autoimmune diseases. ...

Protein 'chatter' linked to cancer activation

...Biology, sheds new light on the pathology of three related but non-curable cancer-predisposed human disorders: ataxia telangiectasia, ataxia telangiectasia-like disorder, and Nijmegen breakage syndrome. The proteins whose deficiency is responsible for these three human disorders have the job of ensuring t...

Doernbecher Children's Hospital scientist earns coveted Javits award

...ve, but fail tomature to make myelin. This appears related to a molecule calledhyaluronic acid (HA) that builds up in the damaged white matter andprevents the normal production of myelin. "The oligo-cells are blocked at a critical period in their celldevelopment before they are able to make myelin. The fac...

Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart

...ished in 2005 because they needed a third, closely related relative to compare the regulatory sequences. The mouse genome had been used as a reference point for comparing the coding sequences of humans and chimps, but the non-coding sequences have generally evolved much faster. Mice wouldnt work for analyz...

Does the desire to consume alcohol and tobacco come from our genetic makeup?

...ndings may also play a role in the sex differences related to alcohol and tobacco use. ...

Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes

... the two strains exhibited significant differences related to energy metabolism and storage. One rat strain exhibited impaired glucose tolerance, reduced muscle glycogen synthesis, decreased skeletal muscle ATP (energy) levels, and decreased activity of an energy-producing enzyme called cytochrome c oxidase...

Tropical insects 'go the distance' to inform rainforest conservation

...d. These findings have significant implications related to the sustainability and conservation of these gl...borators on the project because of their expertise related to the biology and ecology of the bark and ambrosia beetle family, a model group of insects compopri...

Genetic variation helps to understand predisposition to schizophrenia

...tists have provided new insight into how a gene is related to schizophrenia. In a study to be published in the August 17 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry , Amanda J. Law, Medical Research Council Fellow and Associate Professor at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and Visiting Scientist a...

Evolution is driven by gene regulation

...er. We were startled to find that even the closely related species of yeast had extensively differing pattern.... By using a group of closely and more distantly related yeast whose sequences were well documented, we were able to see functional differences that had been...

Brain blood flow gives clues to treating depression

...members, friends and co-workers. Depression may be related to a chemical imbalance in the brain that makes it hard for the cells to communicate with one another. A variety of antidepressant medications and psychotherapies are used to treat depression. Sometimes electroconvulsive therapyapplying an electric c...

Grapes, soy and kudzu blunt some menopausal side effects

...esistance in an experimental model. These and related studies are being led by physiologist J. Michael Wyss, Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), Birmingham, AL. Dr. Wyss will be discussing his work, entitled The Role of Estrogens and Polyphenols in Hypertension and Dia...

Viewing ecosystems from above

...se instruments and examine how ecosystem functions related to biogeochemical cycling and landscape dynamics can be quantified. Gregory Asner (Carnegie Institution) will focus on recent progress in ecological and remote sensing science, and how this has opened up new research opportunities in regional studi...

Lost forest yields several new species

...organization (WWF). In spite of the conflict and related degradation in the area, the survey team found that some 1,000 square kilometers have remained intact, from the shores of Lake Tanganyika up to elevations of 2,725 meters above sea level. In addition to the new animal species, the survey found that t...

Cornell scientists link E. coli bacteria to Crohn's disease

...tains opportunistic pathogens that may be causally related to chronic intestinal inflammation in susceptible ...f the small intestines instead of MAP, a bacterium related to tubercle bacillus that has been more commonly associated with Crohns....

Role of thyroid hormones in slumber under investigation at Rutgers

...nnections to his own life and to unsolved problems related to the role of thyroid hormones in the nervous system. Martins previous research established that in the adult brain, thyroid hormones act on receptors on the outside of cells, functioning like neurotransmitters. His findings contrast greatly with...

American Chemical Society meets Aug. 19-23 in Boston

...ion, the ACS News Service hosts two special events related to food chemistry. On Aug. 20, reporters can sip wine and snack on clam chowder as Gerald DeMenna, Ph.D., discusses the chemistry of that Boston favorite. Gourmet coffee is on the breakfast menu Aug. 21 as experts discuss their research on how to pro...

Tipping points

...s session have identified potential tipping points related to water and agriculture that could have major global consequences. No human activity has so large an impact on water systems as does agriculture, according to Johan Rockstrom (Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden). He notes that the future wi...

Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis

...generative diseases, in addition to other diseases related to a weakness in the mechanical structure of the o...p of 600 volunteers affected by different diseases related to the mechanical structure of the organism such as arthrosis, physical injuries or osteoporosis. Th...

Pregnant mothers join search for causes of autism

...he United States currently has autism or a closely related disorder. The UC Davis Center for Childrens Environmental Health is a multi-disciplinary research center dedicated to finding how toxic chemicals affect child development, including autism. B-roll: Opportunities will be offered to photograph UC Da...

Biologist traces coconut's history through DNA

...icated Dwarf form, grown worldwide is most closely related to Pacific populations, he said.Both historically and today, this palm has myriad uses as source of food, drink, and fuel. Every part of the plant is used, and recently coconut oil has been manufactured into bio-diesel in the Pacific, Olsen said. ...

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(Date:7/31/2014)... the National Science Foundation (NSF), counters a widely-held ... warming, indicating instead that certain Arctic lakes store ... atmosphere. , The study, published this week ... thermokarst lakes, which occur as permafrost thaws and ... water, converting what was previously frozen land into ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... that biomass burning burning forests to create ... slash-and-burn agriculture and wildfires figures into both ... the release of a new study by Stanford ... Jacobson, the degree of that contribution had never ... a paper published July 30 in the ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... hidden hazard lurks beneath many of the roughly ... The hazard is corrosion in parts of underground ... leaks and contamination of groundwater, a source of ... nine states have reported many rapidly corroding gas ... incidents are generally associated with use of gasoline-ethanol ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Certain Arctic lakes store more greenhouse gases than they release 2Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 2Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 3Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 4NIST corrosion lab tests suggest need for underground gas tank retrofits 2
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