Tag: "repair" at biology news
Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis
...mmatory drugs), which only relieve pain but do not repair
the damage in the cartilage or influence the development of the disease. The work carried out by the scientist from the CMI shows that collagen has a unique structure with a right-handed triple superhelix in which the glycine represents a third of ...
Unknotting DNA clue to cancer syndrome
...us in combining with each other as they attempt to repair
breaks in the DNA. Normally, to repair
broken DNA, matching chromosomes associate so that an intact chromosome can act as a template for th...
Where broken DNA is repaired
...rn can lead to diseases like cancer. Intricate DNA repair
mechanisms in the cells' nuclei are constantly working to fix what's broken, but whether the repair
work happens "on the road" right where the damage occurs or "in the shop" at specific regions of ...
Forsyth scientists gain new understanding of adult stem cell regulation
...ional signals as regulators of adult stem cells in repair
of injury. Drs. Oviedo and Levin focused on direct cell-cell transfer of small molecules and ions as crucial signals that determine behavior of adult stem cells in vivo. They showed that when one of many specific gap junction channel types was abol...
Fish eyes could hold clue to repairing damaged retinas in humans
...ways to stimulate growth and persuading the eye to repair
itself using its own cells. "Mller cells with st...it is not clear whether they already automatically repair
the retina in some people but not in others. It is possible that internal mechanisms exist in the no...
Scientists move closer to bio-engineered bladders
...he urothelial cells are able to rapidly re-grow to repair
the wound. The researchers hope to harness this pr...ate a wound in this model, the cells regenerate to repair
the damage - just as they would in the body. Pharmaceutical companies should soon be able to use ...
Cell damage caused by brushing may help keep gums healthy
...he papers co-first author. But in the seconds that repair
takes, growth factors that promote growth of collagen, new cells and blood vessels leak out of injured cells. Cell injury also turns on expression of the c-fos gene, an early-response gene often activated under stress that may be the first step in ...
Using stem cells to help heart attack victims
...ving the way for techniques that use stem cells to repair
the damage caused by heart attacks. The research, funded with a grant of 95,000 the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), is looking at the process that turns a stem cell into a cardiomyocyte the beating cell that makes u...
Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
...rfected techniques which could greatly enhance the repair
of bone defects and fractures. RegenTec Ltd was created to build on the world-changing research carried out by scientists at The University of Nottingham, Britains University of the Year. With support from the East Midlands Development Agency, the ...
System to analyze beating heart stem cells could lead to heart attack treatments
...ving the way for techniques that use stem cells to repair
the damage caused by heart attacks. The research, highlighted in the new issue of BBSRC Business, is looking at the process that turns a stem cell into a cardiomyocyte the beating cell that makes up the heart. The Nottingham researchers are devel...
Study points to new way to predict death risk from torn aorta
...eatment given. Nearly 18 percent had surgery to repair
the tear, and 9.5 percent had an endovascular procedure either a stent graft that blocked blood from entering the false lumen, a fenestration to create more openings in the lower part of the false lumen, or both. Tsai notes that the current trend...
Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
...ll death) going on, and the males instead may have repair
going on." Such brain damage may underlie debilitating cognitive dysfunction and motor deficits observed in some alcoholics, according to the study. In addition, disruption of inhibitory functions in the prefrontal cortex may contribute to excessiv...
Radiation therapy combined with microsurgery shows promise for curing injured spinal cord
...luids significantly increases the bodys ability to repair
the injured cord leading to permanent recovery fro...the July 18 peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE. Since repair
of damaged cord directly correlates with prevention of paralysis, this research demonstrates that co...
Steroids, not songs, spur growth of brain regions in sparrows
...grow and one day such hormones might possibly help repair
brain damage caused by strokes or neurodegenerative diseases, said Brenowitz....
Effects of aging in stem cells
...little disagreement that the bodys maintenance and repair
systems deteriorate with age, even as there is ple... gut, and bloodwith a fresh supply to maintain and repair
tissue. Unfortunately, new evidence published in the open-access journal PLoS Biology suggests that ...
Scientists take next step in understanding potential target for ovarian cancer treatment
...critical next step -- the design of drugs that can repair
the defect in the cancer cells without interrupting the processes of the normal cell, Mulder said. When you find something that isnt working right in the cancer cells, it suggests possibilities as to how to intervene to fix the problem. Epithelial ...
Serica scientists win AOSSM Award for ACL (knee) tissue regeneration in preclinical study
...s installed using a standard surgical procedure to repair
a torn ACL and is designed to provide a strong yet...nt ingrowth while being bioresorbed. Current ACL repair
options either an autograft or allograft each have well-documented, debilitating side effects, sai...
Chromosome glue repairs damaged DNA
...e now shown that the cell also employs cohesion to repair
damaged sister chromatids. Their results show that...cell. Another large research question is how cells repair
damaged DNA and consequently prevent cancer, for example. "We have shown that chromosome segregati...
Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
...on the molecular determinants of cancer and tissue repair
and is building scientific momentum. This discovery of a new fundamental understanding about how human stem cells develop is the kind of scientific work which has already put this Institute on the map as the leader in this field, said John Kelton, ...
NIEHS researchers identify enzyme critical in DNA replication
...s operate under special circumstances, such as the repair
of DNA damage resulting from environmental exposures. Amazingly, more than a half century after Watson and Crick first described the DNA double helix, it had remained unclear which of these many DNA polymerases in higher organisms is actually res...
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