Tag: "responsible" at biology news

Amgen investigational therapy, AMG 162, increased bone mineral density with twice yearly injection

...re associated with bone resorption. RANK Ligand is responsible for osteoclast-mediated bone loss in a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss (bone loss due to glucocorticoid treatment and immunosuppression), rheumatoid arthritis, bone metastases and multiple myeloma. The body na...

An embryonic stem cell model for Parkinson's disease

...ine-production neurons -- the molecular mechanisms responsible for the neurodegeneration remain unknown. Part of the challenge is finding a model that can adequately mimic the loss of dopamine cells. In two papers published in PLoS Biology , Asa Abeliovich and colleagues make the case that a model based on mous...

Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize

... in neurobiology. He identified the peptide genes responsible for eliciting an innate behavior in a marine snail, and molecular analysis of these genes suggests how diverse behavioral patterns may be encoded in the genetic material and inherited from parent to offspring. ...

Mayo Clinic awarded major NIH contract for smallpox genomics research

...f the Mayo Genomics Research Center. The center is responsible for developing the AGTC. The smallpox vaccine investigation is to begin immediately. ...

New biosensor rapidly detects deadly foodborne pathogen

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - The pathogen responsible for a precooked chicken recall last summer will become easier to detect in ready-to-eat meats, thanks to a new biosensor developed by scientists at Purdue University. A team of food scientists has developed a sensor that can detect the potentially de...

Viruses found in untreated city water

...entified sources, in addition to river water, were responsible for contamination. "The only other human fecal source near the wells is sanitary sewer lines," Borchardt said. "Sanitary sewers can leak and it is possible the leakage is large enough to reach the wells." La Crosse's source of ...

New genetic tools provide clues to the effects of exercise and diet on obesity, diabetes

... aerobic exercise trained skeletal muscle are also responsible for the cardiovascular benefits of habitual exercise in individuals with impaired glucose tolerance." ...

Report: How 10 top new technologies will help world reach globally-agreed goals by 2015

...amples include sequencing the genomes of parasites responsible for most of the world's human malaria, as well as the mosquito that carries it. Knowledge of these genomes, paired with the knowledge of the human genome, can be used to develop new drugs and vaccines. As well, the report forecasts the creation of m...

Cooperation to create a new tuberculosis vaccine

... annually, TB, along with malaria and HIV/AIDS, is responsible for the greatest number of infectious disease victims world wide. Of particular concern is the increasing number of pathogens resistant to conventional medication. The World Health Organisation estimates that some 50 million people around the globe a...

Workshop on Responsible Stem Cell Research

...ne is developing voluntary guidelines to encourage responsible stem cell research. At this two-day workshop hosted by the committee, scientists, ethicists, and policy-makers will discuss the appropriate use and handling of stem cells derived from frozen embryos originally intended for in vitro fertilization proc...

FSU scientist links iron imbalance to Parkinson's disease

...pamine levels fall as the brain cells or "neurons" responsible for transporting it begin to "commit suicide" at h...d neuronal suicide that lead to dopamine shortages responsible for development of Parkinson's. Yet while low levels of iron then delay the onset of the disea...

Genetic link to risky pregnancy

...complication of pregnancy, develops when the cells responsible for routing blood and nutrients to the placenta are unable to do their job. The result is decreased blood flow to the fetus, a situation that threatens both mother and developing child. The fetal cells charged with this important task, called troph...

Estrogen protects male rats from aortic aneurysms

...ery in the U-M Medical School, who studies factors responsible for gender differences in abdominal aortic aneurys...ation. Macrophages from male rats were shown to be responsible for the higher levels of the MMP-9 enzyme. In a second group of experiments, U-M scientists surgical...

UNC scientists identify sticky protein in sickle cell red blood cells

... of immature red blood cells, or reticulocytes, is responsible for those cells' adhesion to blood vessel walls. ...-surface protein, CD47, and that Alpha-4Beta-1 was responsible for sickle red blood cell adhesion to a blood vessel wall protein called thrombospondin. CD47 binds...

Gladstone researchers resolve key Huntington's disease mystery in Nature cover story

... Scientists know that mutant huntingtin protein is responsible for the disease, but they have not known in what form it wreaks its havoc. They haven't known, for instance, whether the abnormal deposits of the protein, known as "inclusion bodies," were, themselves, causative, protective or incidental to the disea...

Experimental drug prevents vaginal simian HIV transmission in monkeys Science study says

...lls grown in the laboratory. Many factors could be responsible for this in dose disparity between live animals and cultured cells, including difficulties getting the drug to all targets within mucosal membranes of the animals. In addition, the progesterone treatments and large doses of SHIV used to ensure near-u...

Northeastern University and Massachusetts Biotechnology Council to host drug discovery day

...uticals, Inc. (MPI). In this role, Dr. Celniker is responsible for the oversight of the pipeline portfolio and project management activities at MPI. Prior to joining MPI, Dr. Celniker was the Assistant Vice President of Biotherapeutic Research Technologies at the Genetics Institute division of Wyeth Ayerst Resea...

Surgeon General's report underscores the importance of new thinking on bone health

...s, 80 percent of them women. Bone deterioration is responsible for 1.5 million fractures each year, resulting in as many as 300,000 deaths due to complications, yet two simple measures--exercise and calcium--can help prevent it. Education and prevention are key themes in the report that also focuses on new resea...

Rutgers is on the 'NIH Roadmap'

... large molecular complexes that form the machinery responsible for most biological processes. The study of these molecular machines is particularly relevant to understanding many diseases, such as cancer and metabolic disorders. The virtual Computational Center for Biomolecular Complexes, a multicenter research ...

UT Southwestern researchers uncover process for sugar-induced fat formation

... is that a single transcription factor is directly responsible for increasing expression of multiple enzymes for making fatty acids," Dr. Miller said. "This is significant because ChREBP makes sure that glucose is only converted to fat when it is in excess. It coordinates glucose breakdown and energy storage vi...

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(Date:10/18/2014)... for evaluation of suspected genetic conditions, whole-exome sequencing ... including detection of a number of rare genetic ... to a study appearing in JAMA . ... the American Society of Human Genetics annual meeting. ... regions of thousands of genes simultaneously using next-generation ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown for ... the lungs of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the ... growth in chronic infections. , The study also discovered ... fibrosis (CF) patients was halted or slowed down by ... consumed all the oxygen and helped "suffocate" the bacteria, ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... a new synthesis of recent research findings to inform ... the two states. , The Ecology and Management ... A Synthesis of the Relevant Biophysical Science and Implications ... by the U.S. Forest Service,s Pacific Northwest Research Station, ... for a synthesis of the large body of scientific ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Whole-exome sequencing shows potential as diagnostic tool 2Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2
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