Tag: "reverse" at biology news
Features of replication suggest viruses have common themes, vulnerabilities
...es extend to most RNA viruses and a group known as reverse
transcribing viruses, which include retroviruses such as HIV, suggesting a possible evolutionary link from a common ancestor. ...
Doernbecher Children's Hospital scientist earns coveted Javits award
...grant, wehope to devise therapies that cannot only reverse
brain damage ininfants but slow cognitive decline in aging adults as well," said Back,associate professor of pediatrics and neurology, Doernbecher Children'sHospital, OHSU School of Medicine. Back's research looks at the mechanisms responsible for ...
Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimer's disease
...identify small molecules that slow, prevent and/or reverse
protein accumulation in AD. These new techniques may also be broadly applicable to more than 25 diseases that have been shown to be associated with protein misfolding and aggregation, including Parkinsons disease and type II diabetes. Grace Stut...
Indo-Pacific coral reefs disappearing more rapidly than expected
...makers and resource managers searching for ways to reverse
coral loss. We can do a far better job of developing technologies and implementing smart policies that will offset climate change, Bruno said. We can also work on mitigating the effects of other stressors to corals including nutrient pollution and de...
Discovery in plant virus may help prevent HIV and similar viruses
...etrovirus HIV and the pararetrovirus CaMV both use reverse
transcription to recruit the host's proteins in or...to another part of the cell or to another cell. In reverse
transcription, used by viruses such as HIV and CaMV, the virus' RNA is copied into DNA after it latc...
New research identifies anti-viral protein that may predict who might be at risk to develop lupus
...agnose the condition early enough to intervene and reverse
the disease. Observational and genetic studies of families with high levels of interferon-alpha will also help them to pinpoint the other factors, including the relevant genetic variations that determine why one family member develops the disease whi...
JCI table of contents -- July 26, 2007
... to the liver for excretion via a process known as reverse
cholesterol transport. Three proteins, known as AB...erosclerosis in mice, but their roles in mediating reverse
cholesterol transport from macrophages remains unclear. In a study appearing online on July 26 in ad...
Faster-acting antidepressants closer to becoming a reality
...AMPA receptor beforehand, ketamine was not able to reverse
the depression-like behaviors. The boost in AMPA thus appears to be a necessary ingredient for ketamines antidepressant effects. In a related experiment, the scientists used two different compounds instead of ketamine to try to block just one part...
Adult survivors of childhood leukemia exercise less, worsening high risk for obesity and illness
... exercise and healthy lifestyle changes that could reverse
the damage, according to a team of researchers based at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Adult survivors of childhood ALL are less physically active than the general U.S. population, the team reports in the July issue of Cancer Epidemiology...
Immune system 'escape hatch' gives cancer cells traction
...t off before T-cell tolerance develops, or you can reverse
it, says Schneck. Plans are underway to investigate the binding receptors of MDCSs and different anticancer drugs for their ability to lower levels of MDSCs and to explore the role of MDSCs in suppressing the immune response to stress, bacterial an...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
...d hippocampal pyramidal cells depends on so-called reverse
ephrinB3 signaling. Reducing postsynaptic ephrinB3...cal field. Time-varying fields caused the worms to reverse
and turn. For example, steady rotation of the field caused worms to crawl in perfect circles for hou...
Desertification: UN experts prescribe global policy overhaul to avoid looming mass migrations
...tainable agricultural practices be put in place to reverse
the decline of drylands, says Prof. Hans van Ginkel, UN Under Secretary-General and Rector of UNU. Land use policy reform is urgently needed to halt overgrazing, over-exploitation, trampling and unsustainable irrigation practices, as are policies t...
Cord blood may preserve insulin levels in children with type 1 diabetes
...ho had read that scientists elsewhere were able to reverse
diabetes in mice by taking bone marrow from one an...ts nave to think that with one agent were going to reverse
a very complicated disease like type 1 diabetes. We probably need to go at it with multiple drugs to...
Weizmann scientists discover a new line of communication between nervous system cells
...e disease, but not stop or cure it. Today, we cant reverse
the nerve damage caused by these disorders. But if we can understand the mechanisms that control the process of wrapping the axons by their protective sheath, we might be able to recreate that process in patients. ...
MIT researchers reverse symptoms in mice of leading inherited cause of mental retardation
...hibitors could be used for therapeutic purposes to reverse
already established mental impairments in fragile X children." Restoring neuronal connections Tonegawa, Hayashi, MIT graduate student Bridget M. Dolan of the Department of Biology and colleagues study the molecules that govern the formation of ...
Lancet study shows gene therapy for Parkinson's disease is safe and some patients benefit
...removed. (By comparison, it would be impossible to reverse
gene therapy.) Gene therapy could be a more natural way to treat the disease, said Dr. Feigin. This important study shows that gene therapy can be performed safely and may benefits patients. The gene therapy technique was developed by Neurologix, a...
Alzheimer's drug based on Purdue -- designed inhibitor begins clinical trials
...e-modifying therapy. It may be able to prevent and reverse
the disease." CoMentis Inc., a biopharmaceutical company based in San Francisco, is initiating the clinical trials of the experimental drug CTS-21166. Ghosh, who has dual appointments in the departments of chemistry and medicinal chemistry, is a sc...
Hepatitis B drug can compromise HIV treatment
..., the hepatitis B polymerase closely resembles the reverse
transcriptase enzyme that HIV uses to copy its gen... studies revealed that entecavir does inhibit HIVs reverse
transcriptase. They also found that one of the patients treated with entecavir developed a specific ...
ENCODE map changes view of the human genome landscape
...ters may regulate transcription that occurs in the reverse
direction (antisense) to protein-coding genes. Future research will be necessary to determine whether these newly identified promoters are alternate transcription start sites of known genes, or whether they represent the first evidence of heretofo...
Vets seeing more horses with nutritional issues this year
... symptoms of either problem, it may be too late to reverse
the disease completely, Johnson said. However, if a horse owner has other horses that are feeding from the same food source, its important to have those animals treated before the damage is permanent. Craig Roberts, a professor of agronomy in the C...
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