Tag: "rewards" at biology news

College students recognized & rewarded for their innovative work

...ention. This prestigious challenge recognizes and rewards the innovations, discoveries, and research by college and university students and their advisors for projects leading to inventions that can be patented. Introduced by the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1990, the Collegiate Inventors Competition...

Brain differences in adolescents, psychopaths, lend to their impulsive, risk-taking behavior

...he researchers intermittently administered primary rewards of squirts of juice and water to adolescents aged ...th this view, the model demonstrated that when the rewards were administered in an unpredictable manner, a key reward structure of the brain--the striatum--was...

Studies in Royal Society journals include stress in birds and depletion of medieval fish stocks

...lsive choices: preferring small but immediate food rewards even when waiting leads to more food over the same time interval. Why would evolution engineer animals to choose smaller benefits? The traditional answer is that delay reduces, or discounts, value in the same way that $10 today is worth more than $...

Impulsive behavior may be relict of hunter-gatherer past

...ve evolved because in the wild, snatching up small rewards like food morsels rather than waiting for somethin... and better to come along can lead to getting more rewards in the long run. The work may help explain why many modern-day humans find it so hard to turn down a...

TWAS, illycaff launch Trieste Science prize

...obal science by bestowing deserved recognition and rewards on its most illustrious scientists."...

Three Nobel laureates to speak at 06 AACBNC Meeting

... it will present, and the exponential progress and rewards that will accrue in the basic and medical sciences as a result of interdisciplinary research in the 21st century."...

Worth the wait? A neural mechanism related to impulsive decision-making

... large reward. At the beginning of a session, both rewards were delivered immediately after the choice was made, but the delivery of a large reward was increasingly delayed as the session progressed. At first, pigeons preferred the large reward, but once the preceding delay exceeded a critical threshold of d...

Love's all in the brain: fMRI study shows strong, lateralized reward, not sex, drive

... parts of the brain. Moreover, different kinds of rewards (in this case, the "rush" of romantic love, compared with the pleasing experience of looking at a pretty or handsome face) is also lateralized. These results give us a lot to think about how the normal human brain learns and remembers and functions i...

Pioneering research on ALS muscle disease rewarded

...macology and fundamental research. This 6200 Prize rewards basic research that opens the way to new medical treatments. The research of these two VIB scientists into the therapeutic applications of VEGF for ALS is a shining example of this kind of research. The Galenus Prize is thus an important acknowledgem...

Research zeros in on bipolar disorder genes, link with thyroid condition

...tical benefits of such a discovery could reap rich rewards for those suffering from the mental illness. New research findings presented today at the Sixth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder suggest specific genetic linkages that are associated with the mental illness, bringing researchers much clo...

Gambling monkeys give insight into neural machinery of risk

...ve the monkeys a chance to gamble to receive juice rewards -- could give insights into why humans compulsivel...a variable juice reward, as if the variability in rewards that they experienced was in itself rewarding." Even when the researchers subjected the monkeys to a...

Where bonehead investments come from

... gifts, potential jackpot prizes)--anticipation of rewards activates the NAcc, which may lead to an increase in the likelihood of individuals switching from risk-averse to risk-seeking behavior. A similar story in reverse may apply to the marketing strategies employed by insurance companies," they wrote....

Multi-million dollar deal to benefit medical research

...y. It also gives the UK an opportunity to reap the rewards from our past discoveries to make the fullest possible investment in future science. The agreement will help us give our scientists new research facilities and the best laboratories. We also want to invest in initiatives which will help us to transla...

Study in Royal Society journal on link between creativity and mating success

...t for each successful bout of protection the plant rewards its ants with a unit of housing, but withholds payment when the ant fails to protect. Thus, evolution solves the problem of cooperation by letting plants hire ants under a 'piecework' payment scheme that resembles many human employment contracts. Con...

Training improves sound localization in ferrets

...adaptation did not depend on error feedback, since rewards were not based on performance. After removal of the earplugs, ferrets made errors reflecting a small bias toward the previously plugged ear: they initially processed the cues as if the ear was still plugged. This aftereffect, though transient, indica...

Locust research suggests that physical state has much to do with learning

...ith the deprived state. "The absolute size of the rewards were identical in both states," Behmer said. "There should have been no preference." "The sensitivity of the taste receptors on the locusts' palps (finger-like projections near the mouth) change according to the internal state of the animal," he sai...

People prefer belonging to groups in which members can punish freeloaders

...punishing group after seeing the greater financial rewards that come with cooperation that is maintained when individuals choose to punish freeloaders. This new evidence for a competitive advantage for groups in which individuals can punish freeloaders may bring scientists closer to a general theory of human...

Stress-induced levels of corticotropin-releasing factor responsible for binge behaviour

...t be more likely to experience strong cravings for rewards and compulsively indulge in pleasurable activities...o be involved in the mediation of both pleasurable rewards and stress signals in humans as well as rats. They observed the behaviour of the rats in response to...

A satirical look at how to navigate technology organizations

... fatal error. Not only does he fail to receive the rewards he deserves, he labors for years at the lowest level. Bright, lively, and very funny, "Putt's Law and the Successful Technocrat: How to Win in the Information Age" is an insightful book that reflects the author's deep understanding of the real world ...

Copying nature could save us energy, study shows

...offers a new area of study which could reap strong rewards for the future."...

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(Date:4/15/2014)... fixed carbon and energy for nearly all life on ... mysterious. For example, little is known about how it ... More fundamentally, we do not know the full list ... photosynthesis in any organism. , , A type of ... a leading subject for photosynthesis research. Despite its importance ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Mass. Diana Lados, associate professor of ... and founding director of the university,s Integrative ... major career achievement awards from leading engineering ... Detroit, SAE International, a global association of ... experts in the automotive, aerospace, and commercial ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... social behavior has developed over the course of evolution, ... gained new insights from the study of earwigs. "Young ... siblings share what is available amongst themselves, especially when ... the Evolutionary Biology section of the Institute of Zoology ... of biologists from Mainz University and the University of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):WPI's Diana Lados honored by SAE International and Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 2WPI's Diana Lados honored by SAE International and Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 3WPI's Diana Lados honored by SAE International and Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 4WPI's Diana Lados honored by SAE International and Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society 5Sibling cooperation in earwig families gives clues to early evolution of social behavior 2
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