Tag: "risk" at biology news
A 'private bandwidth' for communication in bats: Evidence from insular horseshoe bats
...as in peninsular Italy, there would be significant risk
of overlap and, in turn, confusion in species reco...ainland, R . euryale and R. hipposideros avoid all risk
of confusion. The authors of the study suggest this may be a special case of character displaceme...
Climate change isolates Rocky Mountain butterflies
...ius from their neighbors in nearby meadows. "The risk
of local extinction and inbreeding depression will increase as meadows shrink, the population sizes decrease and the populations become more isolated," Roland said. "The gene pool of this species is getting more and more fragmented, and gene flow i...
New study warns limited carbon market puts 20 percent of tropical forest at risk
...spread destruction of their tropical forest are at risk
of being left out of an emerging carbon market intended to promote rainforest conservation to combat climate change. A study published Tuesday in the Public Library of Science Biology journal warns that the high forest cover with low rates of defor...
Protein 'chatter' linked to cancer activation
...uals whose ends deteriorate faster are at a higher risk
of developing cancer because short chromosome ends...me becomes unstable, it puts our bodies at greater risk
of cancer. Zhu adds that patients with ataxia telangiectasia, ataxia telangiectasia-like disorder...
Doernbecher Children's Hospital scientist earns coveted Javits award
...arch will benefit three large groupsof children at risk
for CP : infants that survive after premature birt.... Critically ill premature babies areespecially at risk
to develop white matter injury from either cause. White matter injury occurs during brain developm...
Risk of common vaginal infection linked to preterm birth appears higher for blacks
...When a pregnant woman has bacterial vaginosis, her risk
of preterm birth goes up, said Hyagriv Simhan, M.D...chool of Medicine. And now we can say that gauging risk
for bacterial vaginosis is not as simple as just looking at the woman. We also should consider her p...
Green tea boosts production of detox enzymes, rendering cancerous chemicals harmless
...eficient expression of these enzymes and increased risk
of developing some cancers, Chow said. Expression of this enzyme varies dramatically in people due to genetic variation and environmental factors, Chow added. Green tea catechins somehow increase gene expression of these enzymes, which can be an a...
No evidence that widely prescribed statins protect against prostate cancer
...op-selling drug class, worldwide -- might cut ones risk
of developing prostate cancer by reducing producti... mean that statins may be lowering prostate cancer risk
through one or more alternative pathways, but it doesnt appear to be working through reduction of ma...
deCODE discovers cause of major subtype of glaucoma
...onfer respectively 26-fold and 8-fold increases in risk
of exfoliation glaucoma compared to the low-risk v...horts were found to have two copies of the highest risk
variant, putting them at approximately 100 times the likelihood of developing exfoliation glaucoma (...
New study suggests Concord grape juice may provide protection against breast cancer
...l antioxidants have been associated with a reduced risk
of some types of cancers, and Welchs 100% Grape Juice made from Concord grapes is particularly high in anthocyanins, potent natural antioxidants that give the juice its characteristic deep purple color. At the same time, drinking Concord grape juice ...
JCI table of contents: Aug. 9, 2007
...CARDIOLOGY: Extent of apoptotic cell death affects risk
factor for heart failure Changes in the size, shape, and function of the heart (cardiac remodeling) contribute to the onset and progression of heart failure. Adverse cardiac remodeling occurs in mice engineered to have sustained inflammation in th...
European Science Foundation's Forward Look reaches out beyond the endless frontiers
...dicine-related research activities Proactive risk
assessment for nanomaterials needed Recommendations on commercial exploitation, e.g. feasibility of a European Small Business Innovative Research programme Suggestions to implement interdisciplinary education and training (courses, master...
Study suggests estrogen deficiency can lead to obesity-induced high blood pressure after menopause
...y in all populations and is a major cardiovascular risk
factor in women after menopause. Despite the controversial data about estrogen therapy in clinical studies, the results of this study performed in aged rats suggest that the loss of estrogens after menopause may contribute to the development of obesi...
Sugar and spice and everything nice: Health differences in newborn girls and boys
...es in children have shown that girls are at higher risk
for death than boys following cardiac surgery. A ... under 20 years of age are at a 31 percent greater risk
of in-hospital death following heart surgery. As studies have ruled out gender-differences based on ...
Research aims to identify markers for menopausal women at risk for deadly blood clot
AUSTIN, TX In women, hormone therapy is a risk
factor for venous thrombosis, a blood clot forming...oteins in blood coagulation, have not yet led to a risk
profile, thereby precluding identification of women at risk. Now, a team of Mayo Clinic researchers,...
Grapes, soy and kudzu blunt some menopausal side effects
...ustin, TX Menopausal women are at relatively high risk
for memory loss, high blood pressure (hypertension...ial pressure, putting the animal at a much greater risk
of stroke and other cardiovascular complications. The precise mechanism by which soy interacts with ...
Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
...a known gene with a known function to an increased risk
for intracranial aneurysm formation. Abruzzo says this study supports the idea that the NOS-3 gene is just one step in a complex molecular pathway that links flow-dependent vascular remodeling to intracranial aneurysm formation. Our findings su...
Other highlights in the Aug. 7 JNCI
...deaths overall. However, some combinations reduced risk
in subgroups defined by age, sex, and alcohol cons... patients are cured, but survivors are at a higher risk
for second cancers later in life. There is little data on mortality rates of testicular cancer survi...
Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
...evious studies have suggested that carriers of the risk
allele [alternate form of a gene] may also have a unique neuropsychological, clinical and pharmacological profile, although there remains considerable debate over the exact nature of this phenotype [characteristic], the authors write. Philip Shaw, ...
Genetic factors strongly shape how peers are chosen
...ngs offer insight into which individuals may be at risk
for future substance use or other externalizing be...n social environment, which in turn impacts on our risk
for a whole host of deviant behaviors. Our results demonstrate clearly that a complete understandi...
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