Tag: "risk" at biology news
Researchers isolate new risk marker for overweight children
...hers. "We don't consider these children to be at risk
of developing CVD right now. But they have indicat...nless their levels decrease, they will become high risk
as they age," said Dr. Spencer Proctor, a nutritional scientist at the U of A and a co-author of the...
New $1.16 million study investigates how dietary iron is used by cells
...s, called iron-loading, is thought to increase the risk
of tumor development, infection, cardiomyopathy, joint disorders and several endocrine and neurodegenerative disorders. And third, we now have an increasingly sophisticated knowledge and understanding of iron metabolic pathways, the proteins involv...
JCI table of contents: June 21, 2007
...ga-3 fatty acids may lower prostate cancer genetic risk
A diet rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid... and vegetable oils may help lower prostate cancer risk
in individuals with a genetic predisposition to cancer. So conclude researchers from Wake Forest Uni...
Wright State scientist receives grant to help clean up polluted American harbors
...maritime trade. Our goal is to develop a quick, risk
assessment monitoring tool for harbors where conta...tegrated capability to assess sites for ecological risk
and recovery using accurate exposure and effects data and (2) a straightforward approach to quantita...
A faster way to recover from chemotherapy and marrow transplant
...ving them with diminished immune function and high risk
for infections. Zon and colleagues Trista North, PhD, and Wolfram Goessling, MD, PhD, both also of Childrens Stem Cell Program, zeroed in on dmPGE2 by screening more than 2,500 chemicals in zebrafish. Knowing that two genes, runx1 and cmyb, are req...
St. Jude shows gene test not needed if cancer drug given in low doses
...netic testing that determines if the patient is at risk
for serious treatment side effects, such as neutro...cate that patients with UGT1A1*28 are at increased risk
for neutropenia and that clinicians should consider using a reduced dosage for these individuals, St...
Children of smokers have more than 5 times higher levels of a nicotine toxin
...ors in winter. Sleeping with a parent is a know risk
factor for cot death and the authors suggest that one reason for this could be inhalation of, or closeness to clothing or other objects contaminated with, smoke particles during sleep. Nearly 40% of under-fives are believed to be exposed to tobacc...
Dietary calcium is better than supplements at protecting bone health
...cans have low bone mass, placing them at increased risk
for osteoporosis. Calcium consumption can help maintain bone density by preventing the body from stealing the calcium it needs from the bones. The researchers' conclusions about calcium intake, published in the May issue of the American Journal of ...
Link between obesity and enlarged heart discovered by University of Arizona researchers
...ps explain why excessive body weight increases the risk
for heart disease. In the largest study of its ...entricular hypertrophy is associated with a higher risk
of mortality. Analyzing 17,261 heart ultrasounds, the UA researchers studied moving images of the ...
NJIT professor says certain home shapes and roofs hold up best in hurricane
...evated structure on an open foundation reduces the risk
of damage from flooding and storm-driven water. ...
Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
...nd aerosol route, it is also considered to be high risk
for use as a biological weapon. With the respiratory route as the common portal of pathogen entry, intranasal vaccines may prove vital in preventative therapies. In the study researchers developed a vaccine incorporating the human parainfluenza vi...
Fever after smallpox vaccination tied to individual genetic variations
...wing smallpox vaccination may also influence fever risk
after other live-virus vaccines, including the one...develop a test that predicts which patients are at risk
for vaccine-related fevers. Such a test also may help doctors anticipate and prevent more serious co...
Promising protein may prevent eye damage in premature babies
...tation to increase IGFBP-3 in premature infants at risk
for ROP to normal levels in utero may prove beneficial in this disease. Harvard Medical School researchers and collaborators at the University of Goteborg are currently conducting a phase 1 clinical study to evaluate the use of IGFBP-3 in combinati...
PINK1 protects from Parkinson's
...t single-copy mutations in PINK1 are a significant risk
factor in the development of later-onset PD. In a study published this week in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Julia Pridgeon, Lian Li, and colleagues at Emory University show that PINK1 is a protein kinase that phosphorylates the mitochondr...
Fat fish put obesity on the hook
... to 17.4%. Being overweight or obese increases the risk
of many diseases and health conditions, including, but not limited to: hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, and some types of cancer. ...
Potent possibilities for parasite attack
...n people in 88 countries on four continents are at risk
of Leishmaniasis and its incidence has risen sharply over the past ten years. It is transmitted by the bite of various species of sandfly: wild and domesticated animals - as well as humans - act as a reservoir for the disease....
Children born after PGD as healthy as those born after conventional IVF treatment
...s reassuring. PGD is a new option for couples at risk
of transmitting genetic diseases. Instead of carrying out a prenatal diagnosis followed by a termination of pregnancy, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (where a sperm is injected directly into an egg) is performed,...
Noninvasive screening in early pregnancy reduces Down's births by 50 percent
... there is more than the normal amount of fluid the risk
of Down syndrome is increased. Likewise if there...ame time, there is the possibility of an increased risk
of a chromosomal abnormality. The combined screening is carried out at 11 to 14 weeks of gestation....
Recycling is not enough -- we need to consume less
...thern Ireland, says that the benefits of recycling risk
being undermined by the sheer quantity of waste being generated. If household waste output continues to rise by three per cent a year, the cost to the economy will be 3.2 billion and the amount of harmful methane emissions will double by 2020. The ...
Gum disease in postmenopausal women linked to oral bone loss
...part of a larger population-based investigation of risk
factors for osteoporosis and oral bone loss in pos... or obese women. We expected to see an increased risk
for oral bone loss with increasing body mass index (BMI, a factor representing the relationship of w...
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