Tag: "rita" at biology news

Antioxidant overload may underlie a heritable human disease

... There is plenty of evidence about the damaging effects of oxidative stress, but there is another side to the coin, said Ivor Benjamin of the University of Utah, Salt Lake City. There has been so much emphasis on free radicals to...

Pediatric ritalin use may affect developing brain, new study suggests

... The study is among the first to probe the effects of Ritalin (methylphenidate) on the neurochemistry of the developing brain. Between 2 to18 percent of American children are thought to be affected by ADHD, and Ritalin, a stimulant similar to amphetamine and cocaine, remains one of the most prescribed dr...

Save our reef, save our heritage

... ... ... We know the threats po...

Studies assess effectiveness of serotonin and nerve stimulants on irritable bowel syndromes

WASHINGTON, D.C. (May 21, 2007) Studies have shown that gastrointestinal (GI) tract function is often influenced by specific stimulants or reactors, which sometimes cause irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or constipation. Two studies presented today at Digestive Disease Week 2007 (DDW) take a closer look at GI stimulation, including one examining the role of serotonin and reactions to certain typ...

Ronald Cape to receive 2007 Biotechnology Heritage Award

... "Cetus Corporation is widely recognized as the first biotechnology company," said James C. Greenwood, president of BIO. "...

Heritage Day 2007

... The cornerstone of Heritage Day is the awarding of the Othmer Gold Medal to an outstanding individual for his or her multifaceted contributions to our chemical and scientific heritage. CHF also partners with other organizations, including t...

Study finds fecal microbes high in New Orleans sediments following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

... According to the study authors, including Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) Assistant Research Sc...

Urban sediments after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita contained high levels of contaminants

... ... "Our f...

Hopkins research professor talks at NJIT about hospital noise and black heritage in technology

James E. West, PhD, a research professor in the...department of electrical and computer engineering at Johns Hopkins University, will make two presentations April 9, 2007 at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). ...The public is invited. ... The first talk, 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m. in the Campus Center Ballroom, will feature an overview of the Black heritage in technology. Later from 4-5:30 p.m....

International Astronautical Federation joins project to protect World Heritage sites

... The Open Initiative, agreed upon by ESA and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) in 2001, involves satellites monitoring UNESCO World Heritage sites as unique and varied as the Great Barrier Reef and the Great Wall of China in order to provide early warnings of co...

CSHL scientists confirm genetic distinction between heritable and sporadic cases of autism

... "We found that many children with autism have spontaneous...

Wilson Center and Pew Charitable Trusts expand efforts to examine risks/benefits of nanotechnology

... "The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies is engaged in something very rare in our rapidly changing, technology-driven world," said Wilson Center President and Director Lee H...

Proteases cause pain in irritable bowel syndrome

... In the study, which appears online on February 15 in advance of publication in the March p...

Extreme irritability -- is it childhood bipolar disorder?

Results of a new study may help improve the diagnosis and treatment of two debilitating childhood mental disorders -- pediatric bipolar disorder (BD) and a syndrome called severe mood dysregulation (SMD). When the brain's electrical signals were measured during mildly frustrating situations, researchers from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), of the National Institutes of Health, f...

Study provides first genetic evidence of long-lived African presence within Britain

... ... The researchers, led by Professor Mark Jobling, of the Department of Genetics...

Inheritance outside DNA

... ... Genomic imprinting is a type of epigenetic change that causes one copy of a particular gene to be turned off, depending on its parental origin. It works largely b...

Authoritative new book on epigenetics published by CSHL Press

just released by Cold Spri...

Model predicts colon cancer inheritable genetic defects

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University and other institutions have developed a new prediction model for genetic defects known as Lynch syndrome, which predisposes families to develop colorectal cancer. The model, called MMRpro, is based on an individual's detailed family history of colorectal and endometrial cancer, as well as knowledge of how genetic mutations manifest themselves--in the...

Researcher gives hard thoughts on soft inheritance

Organisms, including humans, all inherit DNA from generation to generation, what biologists call hard inheritance because the nucleotide sequence of DNA is constant and only changes by rare random mutation as it is passed down the generations. ... ...But there also is evidence, especially in plants, that non-genetic factors modifying the DNA can also be inherited. The modifications of the genet...

Germans set up an apartheid-like society in Britain

An apartheid-like system existed in early Anglo-Saxon Britain, which wiped out a majority of original British genes in favour of German ones, according to research led by UCL (University College London).... The paper, which was published in the journal 'Proceedings of the Royal Society B', aims to explain the high number of Germanic male-line ancestors found in modern-day England and showed that...

Titans of biodiversity science call for united, authoritative voice to inform decision-makers

... ... Published in the UK journal N...

Ritalin packs punch by elevating norepinephrine, suppressing nerve signal transmissions

BETHESDA, MD. (May 30, 2006) Methylphenidate (Ritalin) elevates norepinephrine levels in the brains of rats to help focus attention while suppressing nerve signal transmissions in the sensory pathways to make it easier to block out extraneous stimuli, a Philadelphia research team has found....... Their report in the Journal of Neurophysiology helps explain how a stimulant aids people with attent...

Smithsonian to coordinate planning for Panama's Coiba National Park/World Heritage Site

On May 17th the United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) signed a contract authorizing funding for the Smithsonian Institution to implement the project: "Promoting Marine Conservation in a World Heritage Site in the Tropical Eastern Pacific," --the revision and updating of the management plan for Panama's Coiba National Park and Special Marine Protection Zone. The pr...

Alejandro Zaffaroni to receive 2006 Biotechnology Heritage Award

The Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) and the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) will present the 8th Annual Biotechnology Heritage Award to Alejandro Zaffaroni, an outstanding pioneer of the biotechnology revolution and legendary entrepreneur with considerable scientific and business skills. The award will be presented at the plenary breakfast session from 7:30 to 9:00 a.m. on Monday, 10...

New groundbreaking findings in taste, smell and chemical irritation

Sarasota, FL - Smell and taste play essential roles in our daily lives. The chemical senses serve as important warning systems, alerting us to the presence of potentially harmful situations or substances, including gas leaks, smoke, and spoiled food. Flavors and fragrances are also important in determining what foods we eat and the commercial products we use. The pleasures derived from eating are...

VCU study suggests that heritability of major depression is higher in women than in men

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have found that genes contribute more strongly to the risk of depression in women than in men, and that there may be some genetic factors that are operating uniquely in one sex and not in the other. ...... In the January issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry, researchers reported that heritability of depression is higher in women approximately 4...

Satellites in support of World Heritage

Last week the historic fortified town of Campeche, in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, was the centre for a Conference on the use of space technologies to conserve the world's natural and cultural heritage, including UNESCO biosphere reserves....... Experts representing more than 30 countries attended this international conference on the 'Use of Space Technologies for the Conservation of Natural...

Media alert: Special session on the impact of Hurricanes Katrina, Rita on crops, soils, environment

MADISON, WI, OCTOBER 21, 2005 -- The United States has never experienced the devastating effects of a natural disaster like we have seen with Hurricane Katrina followed by Rita. A special session will explore the Impact and Aftermath - Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Monday Nov. 7 from 7 to 9 p.m. in Ballroom BDF of the Salt Palace Convention Center, Salt Lake City, UT. Experts in agronomy, wetlan...

Inheritance, smoking spawn mysterious and deadly lung disease

Durham, N.C. An incurable, deadly lung disorder, "idiopathic interstitial pneumonia" (IIP), whose causes were mysterious arises from a combination of a genetic predisposition and damage due to inhaled chemicals, notably from cigarette smoking, Duke University Medical Center researchers have found. ...... They said their findings could lead to a treatment, but more immediately represent a warning...

Southern Appalachian landscapes: Preserving our heritage

The natural and historical landscapes of the southern Appalachians offer cherished beauty and valued connections to a shared past. Protecting these landscapes--mountain vistas, historical sites, rural agriculture, streams and riparian areas--is an imperative for preserving southern Appalachian heritage. The conference will feature a number of field, discussion, and...

Study in Royal Society journal on heritability of female orgasm

Biology Letters...... ...Women in the general population commonly report difficulty achieving orgasm, but the causes of this are unclear as are the reasons for the large variations between women. One possible explanation is a role for genes. 4037 female twins from the TwinsUK register were surveyed confidentially about sexual problems. A sizeable genetic influence was seen on ability to orgasm...

Plants defy Mendel's inheritance laws, may prompt textbook changes

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Contrary to inheritance laws the scientific world has accepted for more than 100 years, some plants revert to normal traits carried by their grandparents, bypassing genetic abnormalities carried by both parents....... These mutant parent plants apparently have hidden templates containing genetic information from the preceding generation that can be transferred to their offs...

Key mechanism in genetic inheritance during cell division identified

BERKELEY, CA -- A key mechanism in the passing of genetic material from a parent cell to daughter cells appears to have been identified by a team of Berkeley researchers. Their study may explain how a complex of proteins, called kinetochores, can recognize and stay attached to microtubules, hollow fibers in the walls of biological cells that are responsible for the faithful segregation of chromo...

Wistar study demonstrates heritability of non-genomic information

PHILADELPHIA It's one of the defining tenets of modern biology: The characteristics of a living organism are coded into the organism's DNA, and only information in the DNA can be passed to the organism's offspring.... ...A new study by scientists at The Wistar Institute, however, suggests that this is not the full story. Instructions that control gene activity and are recorded solely in the mole...

Phillip A. Sharp to present 2004 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture at Chemical Heritage Foundation

PHILADELPHIA -- 12 October 2004 -- Phillip A. Sharp, Institute Professor...at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), will present the 2004 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture at the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF). The lecture will begin at 6:00 p.m. on 18 November in the Ullyot Meeting Hall. A reception will follow at 7:00....... "Untold numbers of people around the world owe their lives...
(Date:11/15/2014)... YORK , Nov. 13, 2014  While we may ... technology Doctor McCoy used in "Star Trek" to gain instant ... tools designed to work with smartphones and tablets for monitoring ... of the healthcare world. This may seem a tad Orwellian ... ready to adopt some of these technological opportunities into their ...
(Date:11/10/2014)... shelves in early 2010, and people have used them ... be tossed into a washing machine without ever having ... though, has come with risks for young children. , ... found that from 2012 through 2013, U.S. poison control ... years of age swallowing, inhaling, or otherwise being exposed ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... Leading Biometric companies aim to provide ... online transactions.  Companies in focus today are: NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... BABA ), Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG ), Microsoft ... EBAY ) and MasterCard Inc. (NYSE: MA) ... biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce is ...
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