Tag: "roads" at biology news
Value of services performed by insects tops $57 billion in US
...o do their beneficial work. "We know how to repair roads
and other components of our physical infrastructure, but our biological infrastructure is vulnerable to degradation too," said Losey, an applied insect ecologist. "If we do not take care of it, it will break down and could seriously impact the econom...
Forget a better mousetrap: Save the forest
...f native species. Also, the occurrence of logging roads
or even the proximity to rivers can allow rats and mongoose to colonize areas where endangered species occur. "Remote forest areas that function as refuges for threatened island species are increasingly rare and should receive the highest priority f...
UCI professors Barbara Finlayson-Pitts and Anthony James elected to National Academy of Sciences
...hemical reactions on the surfaces of buildings and roads
affect urban air quality and models of air pollution. Among her achievements, in 2004 she received the American Chemical Society Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology. Earlier this week, Finlayson-Pitts also was honored ...
Eighty below and loving it: Montana State University scientists to get new cold lab
...Antarctic ice, avalanche triggers, frost heaves in roads
and the possibility of life in Martian ice caps are just a few of the research projects expected to find a home in a new cluster of labs planned for Montana State University. Earlier this year, the university secured $1.8 million in grants from the...
Whiplash injuries -- are they caused by startle reflexes?
... a first collision like the unexpected one on the roads
arises through being startled by the abrupt motion and loud sound of the impact. This new finding promises a new understanding of the causes of this common injury, leading to new ways of prevention and management....
When biology gets 'Quirky,' scientists turn to math
...ort, where lines and curves connect chemicals like roads
connect destinations. Craciun is now an assistant professor of mathematics and biomolecular chemistry at the University of Wisconsin. Based on the number of connections and how they overlap, Feinberg and Craciun can tell with a glance whether a rea...
Small-scale logging leads to clear-cutting in Brazilian Amazon
... of roads, between 3 and 15.5 miles (5-25 km) from roads
there was a clear relationship: selective logging blazes the trail for deforestation. Areas with selective logging at these distances are 2 to 4 times more likely to be cleared than intact forests. "The link between selective logging and clear-cut...
Road-crossing in chimpanzees: A risky business
...found that chimpanzees evaluate risk when crossing roads
and draw on an evolutionarily old principle--share...erceived risk. Understanding how chimpanzees cross roads
as a group would help shape our hypotheses about the emergence of hominoid social organization. P...
Fire ant-attacking fly spreading rapidly in Texas
...searchers place traps around fire ant mounds along roads
and analyze the flies they catch. They have found the introduced phorid flies attacking imported fire ants in more than 12 counties and 3.5 million acres in Central Texas and seven counties and 1.5 million acres in the Coastal Bend region of Texas....
Magic marker monitors malicious movements
...rorist attacks, or to find evidence of sabotage on roads
or railway lines. The chemical, which is resistant to rain, can stick to a surface for up to three months. It is a photochemical indicator which is slowly broken down by sunlight, with a built in timer causing luminosity to decrease over time. A ...
New maps emphasize the human factor in wildfire management
...es are starting near human infrastructure or along roads
in the wildland-urban interface. But, ultimately, the area burned by a fire is more a function of other biophysical variables such as the type of terrain, climate or vegetation," says Syphard. By combining data about where fire ignitions are like...
New highways carry pathogens and social change in Ecuador
ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Logging roads
have brought a higher incidence of diarrheal disea...rsity of Michigan School of Public Health. The new roads
connect Ecuadorian villages that previously used only rivers for transport. The study suggests the ...
How trees manage water in arid environments
...na does experience a monsoon every summer. Certain roads
have yellow warning signs posted -- "Do Not Cross When Flooded." Though these signs may seem out of place in the middle of a desert, they have a serious purpose. In Arizona, as in other regions of the world such as India, residents must cope with a s...
Grizzly bears feast on diverse diet
...ferent food sources, being so near to highways and roads
is dangerous for the animals. Bears are eating ...ars at risk of contact with humans. Nearly all new roads
being constructed in the province are built by industry, either for timber harvest or oil and gas de...
Elephant highways of death
...s found that Central Africas increasing network of roads
which are penetrating deeper and deeper into the ...ts are severely impacted by ivory poachers who use roads
to gain access into their remote jungle home. In addition, roads
serve as conduits of advancing hum...
Forest elephants at risk from the illegal ivory trade
...ed into two sections, and is crisscrossed with old roads
and navigable rivers, placing nearly half of its a...h remote areas over 60 kilometers from the nearest roads
had elephant densities over ten times that of Salonga. Since the megatransect survey included bot...
Learning how to help migrating swans find forage
...by the bird itself, decreased with the distance to roads
and increased with the distance to its nighttime r...oost. The higher intake rates at which fields near roads
were given up reflected the chance to be disturbed by humans. The higher intake rates at which field...
Build parks to climate proof our cities
...rroundings due to the heat given off by buildings, roads
and traffic, as well as reduced evaporative cooling, in what is commonly referred to as an urban heat island," said Dr Ennos, who worked on the project with Professor John Handley and Dr Susannah Gill in the School of Environment and Development. "...
Woods Hole Research Center scientists study impacts of industrial logging in Central Africa
... Researchers mapped nearly 52,000 km of logging roads
within the forested region, which includes Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Prior to this work, there were few reliable data sets available to monitor both legal and il...
Satellite images reveal link between urban growth and changing rainfall patterns
...ed by the conversion of vegetated land to asphalt, roads
and buildings. As a result, the soils have significantly less ability to absorb water, so in the winter months there is less moisture in the atmosphere and therefore a reduction in precipitation. We don't see the same impact in summer months, in part...
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