Tag: "role" at biology news
Scientists identify first gene linked to scoliosis
...ase. The CHD7 gene is thought to play a critical role
in many basic functions in the cell. The researchers zeroed in on the gene after finding that it is missing or profoundly disrupted in a rare syndrome called CHARGE. Babies born with the syndrome often die in infancy. Those that survive have heart de...
Omega-3 fatty acids protect eyes against retinopathy, study finds
...e the scientific basis for any possible protective role
of omega-3 fatty acids against retinopathy, said Lois E. H. Smith, M.D., Ph.D., senior investigator of the study and associate professor of ophthalmology at Childrens Hospital Boston, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. By identifying the fatty a...
New amfAR research grants to optimize HIV treatment
...funded research 10 years ago that played a leading role
in spurring the development of maraviroc. The dr...r barrier to curing HIV infection. Discovering the role
of PD-1 in establishing and maintaining the reservoir may lead to new therapies designed to eradicat...
Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic
... virus at a time. Uncovering the story of TRIM5a's role
in battling one ancient retrovirus while increasing human susceptibility to modern-day HIV "is a lot like doing archaeology -- figuring out how humans have become who we are today and why we are or are not susceptible to modern viruses that presently...
Scientists close in on missing carbon sink
...- and upper-latitude regions are playing a smaller role
in offsetting global warming than previously thought, according to a study appearing in Science this week. The study, which sheds light on the so-called missing carbon sink, concludes that intact tropical forests are removing an unexpectedly high pro...
Revealed -- Mosquito genes that could be controlling the spread of killer viruses
...at importance as scientists believe it plays a key role
in controlling the transmission of viruses that cause yellow and dengue fevers diseases that infect over 50 million people worldwide every year. This study is the first of its kind on the newly-sequenced genome of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, whic...
Northern forests less effective than tropical forests in reducing global warming
...- and upper-latitude regions are playing a smaller role
in offsetting global warming than previously thought, according to a study appearing in this week's issue of Science. The study, which sheds light on the so-called missing carbon sink, concludes that intact tropical forests are removing an unexpect...
Ice Age extinction claimed highly carnivorous Alaskan wolves
...ith modern-day wolves, as well as understand their role
in the ancient ecosystem. Being able to say all of those thingshaving a complete pictureis really unusual, said lead author Jennifer Leonard, a research associate with the Smithsonian Genetics Program, and currently at Uppsala University in Sweden...
CSHL awarded Pre-College Science Education Grant by HHMI
...ch and education communities and play an important role
in strengthening scientific literacy for all citizens. HHMIs panel of leading scientists and educators awarded CSHL a grant based on its demonstrated record of success in stimulating interest in science, enabling its continued commitment to broadeni...
MU maps course for improving pre-college science education
...Health portion, students will be introduced to the role
of vectors in the transmission of avian influenza virus and how movement of the avian vectors and spread of the virus are monitored at state, regional and global levels. In the Mapping Cell Fate portion, students will learn how cells get instructions...
Antarctic icebergs -- Hotspots of ocean life
...ound the icebergs. They may also play a surprising role
in global climate change. One important consequ...e change dynamics in complex ways, this additional role
of removing carbon from the atmosphere may have implications for global climate models that need to ...
ASM scores a hat-trick at the 2007 Hermes Creative Awards
...ograms are a great way to make people aware of the role
microbes play in everyday life, said Chris Condayan, manager, public outreach for ASM. Its quite an honor to be recognized for all three programs by the Hermes Awards. Hermes Creative Awards is administered and judged by the Association of Marketin...
JCI table of contents: June 21, 2007
...hp?id=31731 Cardiology: Autophagy plays a role
in heart's poor response to stress As a result o...y of Texas Southwestern Medical Center examine the role
of autophagy the tightly regulated recycling of cellular products leading to programmed cell death i...
Autism-related proteins control nerve excitability, researchers find
...d. The activity levels of neurons play a vital role
during normal brain development in children. Activ...cessary for creating the synapses, but they have a role
in determining which synapses make it in the long run, and thus setting up how responsive the nerve ...
UN issues analysis of global investors' sustainable energy 'gold rush'
...asing attention as investors realize its important role
in meeting rising energy demand; Capital inves...at renewable energy is going to play a far greater role
in the energy mix than many expected....
New tumor markers -- 'Spot the differences'
... (DNA) are the masterminds of the system and their role
is to give orders. Those orders are transmitted in... same range of orders. However, depending on their role
and the signs and information they receive from their surroundings, each cell type sends only specif...
Surprising origin of cell's internal highways
...nt tissues. Because microtubules play a central role
in cell division, cancer drugs like colchicine, vincristine and paclitaxel (Taxol) can block cell division by altering microtubule dynamics. "Many classic chemotherapy strategies affect microtubules, although it's not quite clear how these drugs i...
Dietary calcium is better than supplements at protecting bone health
...alcium can be absorbed, and this also could play a role
in the study's findings, according to its authors. For example, calcium carbonate tablets need to be taken with a meal so that stomach acid can facilitate absorption, but calcium citrate tablets don't have this limitation. If the study participants t...
Giant magnetocaloric materials could have large impact on the environment
...ion about these new materials that makes clear the role
played by the nominally non-magnetic germanium-sil...his work we now have a better understanding of the role
of nonmagnetic elements, such as germanium, in enhancing magnetic interactions between the rare-eart...
Turn-ons and turn-offs for neurons
...rge of switching genes on or off play an essential role
when our brain learns and stores information, and when our brain reacts to injury and disease. ...
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