Tag: "role" at biology news
ESA mission highlighted at remote sensing conference
...Earth Observation (EO), we should play a prominent role
in achieving these goals. This is our contribution...nt. ESAs EO satellites have given Europe a leading role
in understanding the Earths climate, weather and environment. Scheduled for launch in late 2008, ...
Research teams uncover risk genes for multiple sclerosis
...e known for 30 years that genetics play a critical role
in MS, but the disease is influenced by so many di...ery different approaches, but both highlighted the role
of IL-7R, he said. Together, these place the IL-7R pathway at the center of understanding MS patho...
Genomics study provides insight into the evolution of unique human traits
...ndurance running. AQP7 , or aquaporin 7, plays a role
in transporting water and glycerol across membrane...ng periods of intense exercise; it may also play a role
in dissipating excess heat through sweating. The scientists also found dramatic gene copy number d...
Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
...n labs data indicates the pathway also has a major role
in cell division. So far this has been the only pathway thats been identified in bacteria that directly regulates cell size, says Levin. Typically, cells in nutrient-rich environments grow bigger than cells in nutrient-poor environments. The Levin...
Nature's weapon against nerve agents
... brain. In normal, healthy individuals, glutamates role
is as a neurotransmitter carrying nerve impulses between cells. When cells are damaged or dying, however, as on exposure to nerve agents or as a result of other forms of brain injury including stroke or disease they release far more glutamate than ...
GI Caramba! Blue tortillas may help dieters and diabetics
... of the lower GI blue tortillas is their potential role
in preventing or controlling metabolic syndrome, a combination of disorders which increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. NB The blue colouring is due to the presence of anthocyanins in the corn. These are the same health promoting...
After a decades-long search, scientists identify new genetic risk factors for multiple sclerosis
...ts have long realized that other genes must play a role
that has been difficult to detect. Some studies have pointed to other HLA genes, but neither of the two genes reported today belong to that category. Both genes encode receptors on the surface of T cells the immune system's mobile infantry that e...
Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
...step forward in ensuring that the UK plays a major role
in the commercial and clinical development of regenerative medicine. Dr Susan Huxtable, Director of Intellectual Property and Commercialisation at The University of Nottingham, said: The Wellcome Trust Award is recognition of the hard work and crea...
St. Jude study solves mystery of mammalian ears
... series of studies that showed in mammals that the role
of somatic mobility driven by prestin is not simply to modify the response of the outer hair cells cilia to incoming sound waves in the cochlea fluid. Instead, somatic motility itself appears to dominate the amplification process in the mammalian coc...
A new brake on cellular energy production discovered
...ular energy crisis and probably plays an important role
in a number of common diseases such as diabetes, heart failure and Parkinsons disease, as well as in normal ageing....
New research identifies anti-viral protein that may predict who might be at risk to develop lupus
...he disease or just an associated side-effect. A role
for interferon-alpha in lupus has been suggested f...was whether interferon-alpha was playing a primary role
in the disease or not. The blood samples showed that some family members of patients with high le...
Prenatal stress keeps infants, toddlers up at night, study says
...dexes of healthy development, and plays a critical role
in consolidating memory and facilitating learning,...p problems we witnessed may play an active, causal role
in priming the path for these childrens emotional and cognitive problems in later life, or if both c...
Isoprene emission from plants -- a volatile answer to heat stress
...and isoprene emission in plants, the physiological role
of isoprene emission, which is clearly quite costl... clearly indicate that isoprenes have an important role
in protecting the leaves from the harmful effects of high ambient temperature. How does isoprene c...
A friendly foe -- Bacteria residing in the gut boost immune response to tumors
...de in the gut without causing disease also plays a role
in the effectiveness of this therapeutic approach for cancer. A specific population of bacteria present in our gut is crucial to our health. However, some treatments for cancer, particularly those that deplete the bodys immune cells, have high pote...
$9 million EPSCoR grant to foster integrated research
...pacity-building programs have played a significant role
in the growth of UAFs research enterprise over the past six years. The whole idea behind those federal programs is to help universities who may have gotten a late start, like ours, kind of play catchup, Jones said. We really have done a good job ...
JCI table of contents -- July 26, 2007
...de in the gut without causing disease also plays a role
in the effectiveness of this therapeutic approach ...the study suggests that LXR-alpha has an essential role
in maintaining cholesterol homeostasis in conditions of cholesterol overload such as hypercholestero...
U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer
... Initially, the researchers were studying FOXP3s role
in autoimmune disease, when they noticed that fema...es the HER-2/ErbB2 oncogene. Given the significant role
HER-2 plays in breast cancer and the widespread defects we found on FOXP3, it is likely that this ge...
Hepatitis C helicase unwinds DNA in a spring-loaded, 3-step process
...ct on DNA. This suggests that the helicase plays a role
in unwinding double-stranded host DNA during infection. The duplex created for the experiment included both single- and double-stranded DNA; fluorescent labels were located in the double-stranded region.) By tracking the gradually increasing distan...
MicroRNA works with Ago2 protein to regulate blood cell development
...unction, OCarroll wanted to see whether it plays a role
in the development of blood cells. In the bone m... within this system, slicer activity doesnt have a role
in the execution of microRNA function, but Ago2 does have a special role
in the maintenance of micro...
Scientists find stem cell switch
...on in root stem cells. Ethylene is known to play a role
in perceiving and communicating environmental cues. We predict that this is the mechanism plants use to detect how tough or soft the soil is around them, said Professor Dolan. As in humans, plant stem cells are the source of all growth. The defi...
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