Tag: "roles" at biology news

Stanford researchers establish center for physics-based simulations of biological structures

...gical complexity." Many faculty played leadership roles during the three years of planning that led to the grant proposal. They include computer science core researchers Leo Guibas, Oussama Khatib, Adrian Lew, Ron Fedkiw, Pat Hanrahan and Jean-Claude Latombe and biomedical computation core researchers Mic...

Daphne Koller named MacArthur Fellow

...es of co-regulated genes and identified regulatory roles for several proteins whose functions had been previously uncharacterized. Koller received her bachelor's (1985) and master's (1986) degrees from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, followed by a doctorate (1993) from Stanford. She was a postdo...

Is Interleukin-6 the 'holy grail' of exercise mediation?

...besity, type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis. Many roles and sources prompt additional IL-6 research Over the years, "increased levels of IL-6 after exercise is remarkably consistent," Pedersen and a collaborator, Mark A. Febbraio of the Dept. of Physiology at the University of Melbourne, Australia, note...

Brain circuit may permit scientists to eavesdrop on memory formation

... in learning and memory research that concerns the roles of two brain structures, the hippocampus, which is involved in memory formation, and the neocortex, which is associated with higher brain functions. "There are two key findings required to understand the present work," said Schuman. "First, lesions o...

New study will tackle three major killer diseases

...S) will increase our understanding of the relative roles of inheritance and the environment in causing these diseases, and will include a search for any genes that predispose strongly to illness. The volunteers taking part in the project will have the benefit of a health check and will also be contributing...

Toward a better understanding of taste and smell impairments

..., "Inflammatory processes are believed to play key roles in a variety of chronic diseases, including a number of forms of cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer's disease. This research will contribute to the broader understanding of the impact of inflammatory mediators on cell function." The studie...

A new culprit in depression?

...sion research to go," says Evans. "Given the known roles of this FGF family in neural development and maintenance, it's not a huge leap to see how compromising the system could lead to changes in neural circuitry and contribute to mood disorders." "The bottom line is, the FGF system is less active in depr...

Medical geneticists elected to Institute of Medicine

...Parkinson disease. In addition to his branch chief roles at NHGRI, Dr. Nussbaum is an executive faculty member of the Joint NIH-Johns Hopkins University Genetic Counseling Training Program. He also administers the Center for Inherited Disease Research, a high-throughput genotyping facility funded by a cons...

Hospital for Special Surgery's Boskey named AAAS fellow

... biological calcification and to understanding the roles of extracellular matrix proteins and phospholipids in mineralized tissues." New Fellows will be presented with an official certificate and a gold and blue rosette pin which represents science and engineering, respectively at the Fellows Forum of the ...

Structure of new DNA enzyme family member found

...protein began as a general kinase, playing lots of roles in the cell, he says. Eventually, it evolved and diverged into a group of different proteins, each of which could focus on a specialized task. Ealick's group now hopes to design a broad specificity riboside kinase as a laboratory tool for testing ant...

Conversion of flower organs into leaves

...ituation where two or more genes play very similar roles and must be simultaneously inactivated if the abnormal characteristic is to be observed. For example, recent studies had shown that a so-called triple mutant, lacking the activities of three closely related genes, produces flowers that consist only ...

In a tiny squid, bacterial toxin governs organ development

...ria in different host animals plays such disparate roles - disease and massive tissue damage on the one han...ature have not been recognized as having essential roles in development." In the diminutive Hawaiian bobtail squid, the toxin was found to spur the ...

November nutrition news from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts

... functions. The ubiquitin pathway also plays major roles in many other cellular processes such as cell division, DNA repair, immune functions, and even gene expression, which determines what kind of cell a progenitor , or stem, cell becomes, making it a rich target for research on health, disease and aging...

No getting around RET

...ut GFRs have recently been suggested to play other roles as well. The individual functions of the RET and GFR subunits in these receptor complexes, which are important in developmental milieux from peripheral neurogenesis to the developing kidney, remains a thorny question complicated by the fact that GFR...

Study identifies molecular complex vital to creation of miRNAs

...ewed most broadly, they appear to play significant roles in controlling gene expression and development in many different settings. Now, a new study from researchers at The Wistar Institute identifies for the first time a molecular complex vital for the creation of miRNAs. This complex, dubbed the micropro...

Study shows stem cells can preserve vision

...oung, who believes that stems cells will have many roles to play in the fight against blinding diseases.Young and his team are now investigating the same phenomenon in pigs, whose eyes are larger and more like human eyes....

Ubiquitination in real-time: A world first at the Universit de Montral

...laboratory. Thanks to these results, the different roles played by ubiquitin, a small protein that is attracting great interest, will become better known. Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2004 The work of Professor Bouvier and his team is part of the leading edge of an international research movement, wh...

A 'repulsive' protein guides blood vessel development

...In their experiments, the researchers explored the roles of two proteins involved in vascular development. One of the molecules, Semaphorin 3E (Sema3E), is a member of a family of protein signals that guides the growth of nerve cells. The other protein, plexin-D1, is a receptor protein that nestles in the ...

Researchers reconstruct parts of the genome of a common mammalian ancestor

... of the genome that have very important functional roles are under stronger negative selection, so you see greater DNA conservation in these regions." These observations apply both to the DNA regions that code for proteins and to other parts of the genome. In addition to ...

International Polar Year preparations

... At the workshop faculty pooled ideas for possible roles UAF would take in IPY, designated from 2007--2008. During this year, scientists from around the world will conduct research to better understand all aspects of the Earth's polar regions. Twenty-six speakers presented possible topics for IPY research ...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... October 2014 Biological membranes are mainly composed of ... of solution ions onto lipid membranes helps clarify ... study provides a quantitative description of the equilibria ... Kotyńska and Zbigniew Figaszewski from the University of ... describing these findings, just published in EPJ ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... 2014, Beaverton, OR) New research presented at ... Conference in Houston, TX showed for the first ... infection in women using a readily available nutritional ... presented by Dr. Judith A. Smith, Pharm.D., associate ... Reproductive Sciences at The University of Texas Health ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... nanoparticles is all the rage. Thousands of scientists worldwide ... of whether titanium dioxide nanoparticles from sun creams can ... carbon nanotubes from electronic products are as hazardous for ... nanoparticles in food can get into the blood via ... research funds are flowing – and the number of ...
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