Tag: "significant" at biology news
Studying the chemistry of drugs in wastewater
...th chlorine over an hour (a timescale during which significant
wastewater treatment occurs) and identified the resulting products using multiple techniques. Scientists found that the reactions are complicated and often produce several products, some unexpected. For instance, acetaminophen forms multiple products...
Penn receives grant for initiative to help understand genes' effects on medications
...s to develop interdisciplinary strategies to solve significant
biomedical or behavioral research problems. The Pe...y research. Recent advances have paved the way for significant
gains in understanding how genetic variability can alter drug response. Despite this promise, the na...
32 new grants made for innovative technology R&D
...iculty, technical innovation and the potential for significant
benefits to the nation's economy. The ATP is manag...t industry cannot fully fund on its own because of significant
technical risks. ATP awards are made on the basis of rigorous, competitive peer review considering s...
Research team develops nonhuman primate model of smallpox infection
Scientists have made significant
progress in developing an animal model of smallpox...ox research agenda, and these papers are the first significant
publications to come from those efforts." In addition to Jahrling and LeDuc, the research team inclu...
Daphne Koller named MacArthur Fellow
...he award, Koller said that the matter will require significant
thought. "It's really a major decision, and they g...ce and biomedical and genetic data analysis. A significant
contribution of Koller's work is the expansion of Bayesian networks -- reasoning frameworks that dea...
Stanford cooling tool may improve performance of athletes, soldiers
...ne working at a fixed load," says Grahn. "This has significant
implications not only for athletes but for people such as factory workers and military personnel who work in hot environments." In fact, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the central research and development organization for the ...
Use of aspirin or other NSAIDs increases survival
...years. "Pretreatment NSAID use was associated with significant
delays in distant metastases, decreased rates of second cancers and improvement in overall survival," Nguyen said. "Our data suggest a potential benefit of NSAIDs in managing prostate cancer." NSAID use remained an independent predictor for improved...
NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute
...tment of numerous diseases of humans that may have significant
genetic components -- such as Type 1 diabetes, schizophrenia, and some types of cancer -- by identifying specific genetic markers, or genotypes, that are associated with particular diseases or responses to drug therapies. Studies examining genetic v...
September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...r new and more expensive medications resulted in a significant
rise in drug costs in the North Carolina Medicaid ...tor vehicle events (114 vs. 149). They also found significant
differences in the number of arrests for controlled substance or liquor violations (0 vs. 8). The au...
Irwin Rose wins 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
... pleased that Dr. Rose has been recognized for his significant
contribution to our understanding of ubiquitin, and its potential role in the treatment of disease," said College of Medicine Dean Thomas Cesario. Rose came to UCI in 1997 from the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. He is a member of the Dep...
'Immediately open access' option for the leading journal Genome Research
...ss, commented. "Genome Research is one of the most significant
journals in the fields of genetics and genomics. It has a professional, dedicated editorial and production staff and state-of-the-art technologies for peer review, redaction, publishing, and distribution that are funded by a combination of subscripti...
Obese women with early-stage breast cancer more likely to die than women of normal weight
...) and radiation therapy. "We have demonstrated a significant
association between obesity and adverse breast can...obese (701). "Our results show a statistically significant
difference between obese women and the other groups," said Anderson. The five-year rates for overal...
The PSA bounce Does it have clinical significance?
...l therapy in this situation, but hormones can have significant
side effects for the patient, and may not be clinically necessary. For these reasons, it's important to develop clear guidelines." In this retrospective analysis, data were gathered from the records of 4,839 men treated only with external-beam radi...
Toward a better understanding of taste and smell impairments
...onditions in the United States and one of the most significant
causes of smell loss. Scientists currently have only a limited understanding of how CR impairs olfactory function, and of the cellular and molecular processes involved. This project will identify inflammatory processes underlying smell loss in patien...
UCR researchers identify key plant enzyme that defends against multiple infections
...eptibility to these pathogens. These results have significant
influence in the outcome of a diverse set of plant-pathogen interactions and suggest that this key plant protein is likely involved in a variety of processes that range from stress and defense responses to proper development during aging. This is an ...
MIT: Recycling of scrapped electronics studied
...un, a variety of independent metrics could lead to significant
improvements in recycling efficiency. "We're interested in measures of performance that will lead to the best electronics-recycling practices. But if we really understand the recycling process, we may also be able to help manufacturers of or...
New risks for bladder cancer identified by MIT team
...hree of the nine compounds were indeed found to be significant
risk factors for bladder cancer in nonsmokers. And except for one, none of those nine had ever been investigated before" for their potential carcinogenic activity, Tannenbaum said. ...
Taking the next step toward growing our own fuel
...ps as the platform. "The U.S. has access to significant
amounts of biobased resources, including those of the highly productive corn/soybean cropping system in the Midwest -- arguably the largest man-made ecosystem on the planet," Blaschek said. "This agro-ecosystem is still largely focused on providing r...
Sedentary overweight people get insulin boost from short term exercise; CVD risks trend down
... ingest during and after short-term exercise has a significant
impact on insulin action. The same study showed a ...roup, who received no energy replacement, showed a significant
(p=0.037) 40% increase in insulin action (measured by glucose rate of disappearance/steady state ins...
US Agency for International Development awards $34 million to Virginia Tech
... the lead university and the management entity for significant
agricultural research and assistance programs designed to improve crop yields through ecologically sound practices for people in developing nations around the world. Of the $34 million, $5 million for each of the two projects will be garnered from th...
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