Tag: "social" at biology news

Humans trading short-term food production for long-term environmental losses

...nderstand the ecological, economic, political, and social connections and unintended consequences of land-us...ve on local issues can be daunting, because linked social and ecological systems are innately complex," Fresco said. "But global land-use problems are too ser...

Any exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy is risky

...hrough other family members at home, at work or in social situations at restaurants or even outdoors. "Moreover, we found similarly increased induced mutation in women who had quit smoking during pregnancy, usually when they found out they were pregnant," said Dr. Grant, who also is an assistant investigato...

Study finds colony size selection determines adult survival and dispersal preferences in kestrels

...volutionary origin and maintenance of this form of social reproduction remains unexplained. During the last decades, most research has been focused on how breeding success varies with colony size, as an integrative measure of the balance between the costs and benefits of group living. However, survival is a...

Key to elephant conservation is 'in the sauce'

... and the Chilli Pepper Company in Zimbabwe. Due to social and economic unrest currently raging in Zimbabwe, the trust's operations there have ceased, opting instead to continue production in Johannesburg, South Africa....

Preventing a pandemic: Study suggests strategies for containing a flu outbreak

...n the Thai 2000 census and a previous study of the social networks in the Nang Rong District in rural Thailand. With this information, they simulated a population of 500,000 in which individuals mixed in a variety of settings, including households, household clusters, preschool groups, schools, workplaces,...

Complex gene interactions account for autism risk

...chiatry, autism is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of interest or behavior. While many previous studies have identified possible genes with links to autism, there remains no single gene with a consistent connection to the disease, P...

Spanish forest fire aftermath surveyed by Envisat

... the Spanish Ministry of Environment for economic, social and ecological damage assessment," Gonzlez-Alonso added. "Our team has been studying the use of MERIS data for fire-damage assessment - the obtaining of images from ESA in near-real time via the internet being an essential point in this kind of appli...

West-Eberhard elected to the Italian Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei

...imary research is on the behavior and evolution of social wasps, is the author of the book Developmental pla...back, for some of the most important early work on social wasps was done by the Italian zoologist Leo Pardi, this recognition is especially meaningful to me" ...

Disparate mole-rats

...rgue it out on a national talk show. As it is, the social behavior of these tiny rodents has scientists intr...frican mole-rats are very good models for studying social structure. I'm interested in the genetic markers associated with structure," said Colleen Ingram, wh...

UCI receives $1.5 million National Science Foundation grant to research electronic waste

...round and water supply. This includes studying the social implications of e-waste, such as the public's willingness to pay for electronics recycling programs, and the effect of regional policies -- like the European Union's -- that limit the use of hazardous materials in electronics. "Proliferation of cheap...

Fat kids can bounce back to normal blood pressure

...tarted in 1981 by Professor Najman as a health and social study of 7223 pregnant women. Researchers have followed the children's growth over the decades and study was widened to include prenatal, postnatal, childhood and adolescent periods of the child with those babies now in their early 20s....

Rensselaer researchers develop approach that predicts protein separation behavior

..., architecture, management, and the humanities and social sciences. Institute programs serve undergraduates, graduate students, and working professionals around the world. Rensselaer faculty are known for pre-eminence in research conducted in a wide range of fields, with particular emphasis in biotechnology...

Research suggests fitness of Florida panthers improved by limited breeding with Texas animals

...ange for Florida panthers could raise several such social issues. While female hybrids seem to be surviving considerably better than their purebred counterparts, "hybrid males have shorter lives than purebreds," the paper also reports. The authors suspect many of the males are killed by older purebred males...

Crisis in African fish supplies looms, experts warn Africa leaders

... helping Africa cope with the health, economic and social devastation of problems like HIV and AIDS, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the WorldFish Center and partners are making an urgent appeal to boost the continent's fish production and strengthen the contribution of fisheries to ec...

Cultural norms not unique to human societies

...ion-level observations on wild apes and one-to-one social learning experiments. In the study, researchers in...e method, we see the conformity is based more on a social bond with other group members than the simple reward of freeing the food." A characteristic traditio...

Chimpanzees are social conformists

... species and that chimpanzees have a bias towards social conformity that has previously been considered to be a unique hallmark of human culture. During the study the researchers artificially spread different habits among separate groups of chimpanzees at Emory University's Yerkes National Primate Research...

Chickens orient using a magnetic compass

...mpts to train birds is that the researchers used a social stimulus to train the birds, whereas most previous attempts have used food as the reward. The authors of the study hypothesize that in nature, birds do not use magnetic signals to find food, and tests involving such a response may be alien to them. I...

Mouse model of Rett Syndrome displays reduced cortical activity

...erlie some of the cognitive, motor, linguistic and social symptoms seen in RTT. The spontaneous firing of L5 pyramidal neurons in 5 week-old mice was decreased 4-fold when compared to normal mice. This reduction is progressive, since two weeks earlier, in presymptomatic mice, the reduction was only 2-fold....

International stem cell meeting in Kobe, Japan

...ral public in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. The variety of topics in the natural sciences and the humanities at Max Planck Institutes complement the work done at German universities and other research facilities in important research fields. In certain areas, the ...

Bumblebee see, bumblebee do

...from chimpanzees to bees -- that show some kind of social learning, will give us a better understanding of how social learning occurs," said behavioral ecologist Bradley D. Worden of The University of Arizona in Tucson...

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(Date:10/18/2014)... stress and stress-related psychiatric disorders are associated ... the molecular mechanisms underlying this relation are ... the development of targeted preventive strategies and ... diseases. This work is presented at the ... Now an international group of researchers from ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... In a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic ... associated with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional ... JAMA . The study is being released to ... meeting. , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region ... genetic material present in a cell or organism), has ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... available in German . ... every day in order to reproduce? And why are there ... of the latest issue of the research journal Molecular ... biologist Steven Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this ... unusual for a female to copulate with several males in ...
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