Tag: "social" at biology news
Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
...t Americans. Bearing physical, psychological, and social
effects on those who acquire it, it can pose an even more severe risk for immuno-compromised patients further emphasizing the need for an effective vaccine. "In the aggregate, the burden of genital herpes has made development of more effective preven...
Evidence that human brain evolution was a special event
...not just from the biological sciences but from the social
sciences as well. It is perhaps the complex social
structures and cultural behaviors unique in human ancestors that fueled the rapid evolution of the b...
Ants' 'genetic engineering' leads to species interdependency
...n humans evolved, ants were practicing many of the social
innovations we consider to be our own: division of labor, agriculture, and even slavery. Indeed, these traits have been taken to their extreme in many ant species, such as the case of slavemaker ants, which have become so specialized for raiding food...
University of Chicago researchers discovered that humans are a 'privileged' evolutionary lineage
...at because humans have become a progressively more social
species, greater cognitive abilities have become m...itness," he said, "because you can manipulate your social
structure to your advantage. "Even devoid of the social
context, as humans become more intelligent, ...
Mothers speak: Physicians often fall short when delivering a down syndrome diagnosis
...hould educate themselves about the educational and social
potentials of children with Down syndrome. Skotko will soon publish a companion paper in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology summarizing responses from women who received the Down syndrome diagnosis prenatally. He also has conducted the...
Put science at center of decision-making on third world development, experts tell UN
...creasingly be mastered by the developing world for social
and economic gain. If knowledge is power, technology is key to development." "Critics say the first priority is better basic health care," says Dr. Peter Singer, MD, Director of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, and chair of the ...
Unusual reproductive behavior of odd ants surprises scientists
...rnate-lineage male. Traditional interpretations of social
insect colonies would dictate that the need for wo...e molecular level, we'll likely find that a lot of social
insects and other animals aren't conforming to our predictions and expectations." Rissing and Cahan ...
EB and IUPS - Where cures of tomorrow can be seen in the science of today
...ther drugs. Other sessions focus on the effect of social
structure and influences on drug actions and discuss how pharmacologists and other scientists can talk about drugs in high schools. In addition to the programs of the individual societies, open to all participants in the meeting, Experimental Biol...
Individualized medicine emerging from gene-environment studies
...e is a special issue devoted to race in health and social
science research. The researchers write, "Invest...sized environmental hypotheses that concentrate on social
and economic inequities related to differential health outcomes. The recent explosion of genetic re...
Study in Royal Society journal on sense of fairness in chimpanzees
...al Sciences Tolerance for inequity increases with social
closeness in chimpanzees by Dr SF Brosnan, Dr HC S...ense of fairness may have involved the strength of social
connections, according to researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta. Sar...
Chimpanzees show quality of relationship drives sense of fairness
...ees' responses depended upon the strength of their social
connections. This is the first demonstration that ...urrent research provides new insight into the role social
environment and relationships play in human decision-making. In their previous study, the researcher...
Monkeys pay per view
...a finding that deepens our understanding of animal social
cognition, researchers at Duke University Medical ...s, like humans, value information according to its social
content. People readily pay to see powerful or sexually attractive individuals, and, according to th...
Racial groupings match genetic profiles, Stanford study finds
...e genetic basis of race. Some found that race is a social
construct with no genetic basis while others suggested that clear genetic differences exist between people of different races. What makes the current study, published in the February issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, more conclusive is...
ASU students host first annual Western Regional Bioethics Conference
...stering discussion and debate of the most pressing social
and ethical issues in the biosciences and developing biotechnology. These issues include the growing trend of genetically modifying organisms, the ethical debate surrounding embryos, the challenges and policies in minority health care, and the limits...
Beer-drinking rats count calories better than many people, UF researchers say
... humans is complicated because we are bombarded by social
and marketing factors that stick food in front of our face every which way we turn," said Neil Rowland, a professor of psychology who studies the neural mechanisms of obesity, eating disorders and alcohol abuse. "It's difficult to say no." People ca...
'Man the Hunter' theory is debunked in new book
...s actually evolved to be peaceful, cooperative and social
animals. In a new book, an anthropologist at Wash...o debunk that theory. An expert in the ecology and social
structure of primates, Sussman does extensive fieldwork in primate behavior and ecology in Costa Ric...
Bacterial spread all down to chance: Some strains 'just the lucky ones'
...und evidence that bacterial communities mirror the social
life of the humans they infect. For example, close family members or friends in the same class at school or nursery are more likely to share an infection due to increased contact. After accounting for these differences in the opportunities for person...
PET/MRI scans may help unravel mechanisms of prenatal drug damage
... the procedure, the animals were returned to their social
colony to deliver their offspring. The combined images show that cocaine and/or its labeled metabolites readily cross the placenta. But the cocaine uptake distribution pattern observed in the fetus was very different from that of the mother. For exa...
Weight-loss and exercise study compares center- and home-based programs
...fication, changes in thinking about diet and food, social
support, nutrition and exercise. Her research team includes a dietician, exercise physiologist, psychologist, statistician and nurse practitioner. During the first six months, all of the study participants learn new eating and exercise strategies. Th...
Sexual cooperation: Mating increases longevity in ant queens
...tically reduced. New findings suggest that in some social
insects--in which both sexes ultimately benefit fr..., and Copenhagen, Denmark, show that queens of the social
ant Cardiocondyla obscurior actually benefit from mating by gaining increased lifespan and reproduct...
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