Tag: "social" at biology news
Zinc supplementation improved mental performance of 7th-grade boys and girls
...ionnaires about the students' mental, physical and social
abilities and skills, school performance, and prob...10 mg or 20 mg did not appear to improve motor and social
skills, although girls receiving the placebo experienced a 10 percent increase in conduct problems d...
Students to chat online with leading genome researchers for National DNA Day
...search, genomic careers and the ethical, legal and social
implications of genomic research. For those unable to participate in the live event, a transcript of the chat will be available on the DNA Day website. "As we expand our public education program we are pleased that computer technology is enabling N...
Webcast: NIH Director Zerhouni and IOM President Fineberg to discuss health disparities
...rities/webcast.html . While researchers have noted social
disparities in health for decades, the subject was not a focus of mainstream scientific and policymaking efforts in the U.S. until the last decade. In 2002, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released the report "Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial an...
Gene mutated in cancer found in some with autism
...emales. People with autism typically show impaired social
interactions; impaired verbal and nonverbal communications; repeated body movements, such as hand flapping or rocking; attachment to objects; and resistance to changes in routine. This study involved 18 children 3 to 18 years of age and diagnosed wit...
New findings in taste and smell research
...nition, also influence mating preference and other social
behaviors in fish, rodents, and humans. These stud... ligands of MHC class I molecules function also as social
recognition signals in the mammalian nose, thus providing a novel molecular link between the immune ...
Preeclampsia in pregnancy increases risk of future cardiovascular disease and death
... heart disease and low birth weight, the husband's social
class, and the calendar year at the start of followup. "Women with a history of preeclampsia had a twofold risk of death compared with women without any history of the disorder," said Funai. "We also found that women diagnosed with preeclampsia who h...
African-American women less likely to undergo genetic testing than white women
... the need to move forward in developing health and social
policy that ensures the potential benefits of the Human Genome Project are realized for all segments of the U.S. population," the authors write. (JAMA. 2005;293:1729-1736. Available post-embargo at JAMA.com) Editor's Note: Dr. Armstrong is support...
Special issue links genetics and environment in aging studies
...gy: Psychological and Social Sciences asserts that social
environments can have a greater effect on genetics...egrating genetics and genomics with behavioral and social
science research on aging. The issue was guest edited by James F. Crow of the Laboratory of Genetics...
Putting ecology back into river restoration
...ects many be successful in increasing economic and social
activity near a river, but can constrain natural processes of the river and floodplain. Projects labelled restoration successes should not be assumed to be ecological successes," Palmer says....
Hawaiian soils reveal clues to cultural history
...m, "biocomplexity in the environment," linking the social
sciences and the natural sciences. The results of his work have been published in two major scientific journals in the past year. One of the world leaders in relating soils to ecology and earth system science, Chadwick belongs to a prominent researc...
Study reveals dramatic difference between breast cancers in US and Africa
...at the genes, lifestyle, socioeconomic status, and social
interactions of women in the United States and Africa and their relationship to breast cancer. She combines expertise in cancer risk and genetics with a close African connection. Olopade grew up in Nigeria, retains close ties with cancer specialists ...
Other highlights in the April 20 JNCI
...ncer in women--including family history and higher social
class--are known to be risk factors for breast cancer in men as well. However, it is not known if ionizing radiation, a well-known risk factor for female breast cancer, is also a risk factor for male breast cancer. To investigate the role of ionizing...
Faulty body clock leads to obesity and diabetes
...st 200,000 deaths annually and exert a devastating social
and economic toll due to complications including blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and stroke. Biological clocks function in the brain as well as lung, liver, heart and skeletal muscles. They operate on a 24-hour, circadian (Latin for "about ...
DNA solves mystery of Gibraltar's macaques
...ch as macaques, that practice female philopatry, a social
system in which females remain in their birth groups while males migrate between groups. The research first identified 24 different haplotypes in the Algerian and Moroccan colonies of macaques. Each mitochondrial haplotype is identified by means of a...
Moderate alcohol consumption enhances the formation of new nerve cells
... consumption corresponding to that found in normal social
situations. The results show that moderate drinking enhances the formation of new cells in the adult brain. The cells survive and develop into nerve cells in the normal manner. No increase in neuronal atrophy, however, could be demonstrated. It is ge...
Prenatal cocaine exposure exerts subtle effects on schoolchildren
...teen years. As their academic responsibilities and social
pressures increase, other, more serious effects ma... since it thoughtfully addresses both biologic and social
risk factors, viewing intrauterine cocaine exposure as only one of many possible influences on child...
VIB top scientist receives major research grant & VIB presents 2004 results
...otential. Fundamental research with economic and social
relevance It is becoming increasingly clear that ...ies and findings, which can form the basis for new social
and industrial applications, including diagnostics and medicines. In order to achieve these goals, V...
Genome of social amoeba shows its importance as research model
...ay 5, 2005) -- The sequencing of the genome of the social
amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum reveals new information about this unusual organism that makes it even more useful as a model for research that can, in some cases, be applied to humans, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine. "This is the f...
Biologists determine genetic blueprint of social amoeba
...ic blueprint of Dictyostelium discoideum, a simple social
amoeba long used by researchers as a model genetic system, much like fruit flies and laboratory mice, to gain a better understanding of human diseases. The scientific details of this seven-year-long genetic sequencing effort, which involved 97 scient...
African-Americans and Caucasians have similar emotional brain activity when seeing African-Americans
...r community agrees with those stereotypes. Several social
psychologists have found evidence for this view. From an early age, cultural views, media portrayals and even the body language of authority figures may train our brains, whether we consciously agree or not." Previous research has shown that Caucasia...
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