Tag: "specific" at biology news

A decisive step toward a cure for insulin dependent diabetes

...ording to Dr. Hakonarson, we can now design highly specific drugs that will precisely target the effects of the defective gene. These treatments, combined with a stem cells regeneration therapy, will relieve patients of all symptoms of diabetes. Dr. Polychronakos notes, While this prospect is still far off, i...

MIT IDs mechanism behind fear

...in to stop experiencing the fear associated with a specific incident or series of incidents. For some people, upsetting memories of traumatic events do not go away on their own, or may even get worse over time, severely affecting their lives. Treating these disorders involves methods geared toward making th...

JCI table of contents: July 12, 2007

...us researchers have been working to determine what specific characteristic of these destructive T cells is dominant in driving the development of EAE/MS. In a study appearing online on July 12 in advance of publication in the August print issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Eli Sercarz and colleag...

Research team discovers gallstone gene

...luj-Napoca in Romania – has been searching for the specific genes involved. And he has succeeded, thanks to a study covering 178 women and men from 84 families. They all suffer from gallstones. In 21.4 per cent of cases the subjects were found to be carrying a particular gene variant. In healthy individuals s...

White blood cells are picky about sugar

...overed that neutrophils recognize and respond to a specific form of sugar called beta-1,6-glucan on the surface of fungi. This sugar comprises just a small fraction of the fungal cell wall, much less than another sugar with a slightly different chemical conformation called beta-1,3-glucan. Because the scarce ...

Study finds Western-style 'meat-sweet' diet increases risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women

...ilt University, the findings mark the first time a specific association between a western diet and breast canc...h obesity. According to Tseng, there seems to be a specific interaction between obesity and western cuisine among postmenopausal women that drives breast cancer...

New perspectives for the geosciences and climate research

...lines depends increasingly on the ability to study specific nuclides, which are formed in the earths atmosphere by cosmic radiation, using high sensitivity, high resolution mass spectrometry. They permit conclusions to be drawn about geomorphological processes and concerning the course and development of ocea...

MIT, BU team builds viruses to combat harmful 'biofilms'

...m that allows engineers to design phages to target specific biofilms. As a proof of concept, they used their strategy to engineer T7, an Escherichia coli-specific phage, to express dispersin B (DspB), an enzyme known to disperse a variety of biofilms. To test the engineered T7 phage, the team cultivated E. ...

'Virtual' mouse brains now available online

...campus -- showing different volumes resulting from specific genetic differences. Under funding from the National Center for Research Resources, the new imaging technologies are being developed and shared by six institutions that form the Mouse Bioinformatics Research Network (MBIRN). Those six schools --...

Scientists gain important insights into acute promyelocytic leukemia

... Cancer Cell, published by Cell Press, illuminates specific mechanisms involved in development of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and identifies promising new avenues to develop treatments for some of its variant forms. APL is a cancer of the bone marrow that occurs when certain developing white blood ce...

U-M, Israeli scientists report major advance in search for genes associated with colon cancer

...n cancer patients. In all, people who carry the specific genetic variation, called a marker, were found to ... cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths. The specific marker is called the C allele of rs10505477. Three other research teams are reporting similar find...

Elevated CO2 in atmosphere weakens defenses of soybeans to herbivores

...erent economies. Furthermore, while this study is specific to one plant and insect pairing, these findings will help inform the on-going debate on CO2 exposure and global change....

Illinois researchers presenting at ASPB Annual Meeting in Chicago, July 7-11

...from their Survey of splicing variation and allele specific expression in natural accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana using SNP-tilting array. Rick Williams, also a University of Chicago Ecology and Evolution lab researcher, completed research with several local and nationally-based colleagues on another appl...

UF scientists work to develop simple bladder cancer test

...al Carcinogenesis. In addition, interactions among specific proteins could lead to the development of effective therapy of bladder cancer, a major cause of cancer death worldwide....

Specific type of cell death may accelerate decompensated heart failure

...utophagy in cardiac cells. We also found that a specific autophagic gene, beclin 1, is a critical factor required for cardiac autophagy, said Dr. Hill, who holds the James T. Willerson, M.D., Distinguished Chair in Cardiovascular Diseases and the Frank M. Ryburn Jr. Chair in Heart Research. The machiner...

New 'asthma gene' could lead to new therapies

... will lead to new therapies because it points to a specific biological molecular pathway. Once we understand t... we know the players, it's possible to target with specific drugs." Childhood asthma treatments are heavily focused on allergic responses, since most children...

Progenika Biopharma presents a biochip that guarantees safety in blood transfusions

...bilities are detected in a safer, quicker and more specific analytical process than with the serological technique. Moreover, its cost is twenty times less than DNA sequencing, which enables its generalized and routine use in all blood transfusions. The BLOODchip is the result of research within the remit o...

Investigating Life in Extreme Environments report gives hints on facts of life

...nts. The report also includes recommendations specific to i) Microbial life, ii) Life Strategy of plants, iii) Life Strategy of animals and iv) Human adaptation....

Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation

...r targeted therapies. This paradigm of identifying specific defects in cancer cells to successfully develop innovative therapies has been validated with oncology drugs such as Gleevec in leukemia and Herceptin in breast cancer....

Link between immune system and mammary gland could shed new light on breast cancer

... When the body needs to fight infection it makes specific cells that respond to the invading organism. These cells are either T helper Type 1 to fight a virus or T helper Type 2 to attack a parasite. Once made each type of T cell releases cytokine molecules to promote more of its own kind to help the bodys ...

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(Date:8/20/2014)... Women who are poor experience higher cortisol levels ... levels of the stress hormone, putting them at ... to a new research from the University of Colorado ... American Journal of Human Biology , is the ... directly to the socioeconomic status of their mothers during ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... 4,000 members, it triggers an important first stage in ... of comb used for rearing male reproductive, called drones. ... and Behaviour at Cornell University, led by Michael Smith, ... The results are published in Springer,s journal Naturwissenschaften ... isn,t always a honeybee colony,s top priority. Early ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... leaves, photosystem 1 (PS1) absorbs light and its ... carbon dioxide to biomass. Photovoltaic devices, mostly build ... but produce electricity. One approach for the development ... the semi-conductor with the isolated membrane protein complexes ... a highly stable PS1 from thermophilic cyanobacteria that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CU Denver researcher shows economic disparities impact infant health 2Worker bees 'know' when to invest in their reproductive future 2A semi-artificial leaf faster than 'natural' photosynthesis 2
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