Tag: "systems" at biology news
Saudi Arabia's KAUST names WHOI first research partner
...l resource managers. The proposed coral reef systems
research project will focus on corals and reef fishes and provide critical information for the protection and sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems along the Saudi Arabia coast in the northern central Red Sea. The project will assess a range o...
Bursts of waves drive immune system 'soldiers' toward invaders
...lab of Marc Kirschner, PhD, professor and chair of systems
biology at Harvard Medical School. Kirschner is a co-author on the paper. The cycle the scientists studied is very similar in concept to the circuit that generates neuronal conduction, the beating of the heart, and many other waves in biology, acco...
UK scientists working to help cut ID theft
...esting procedures and facilities meet the needs of systems
users and developers, building confidence in this growing industry. Biometric recognition systems
measure unique behavioural or physical traits to recognise people. These can be as varied as iris im...
X-ray images help explain limits to insect body size
...e University wanted to study how beetles' tracheal systems
change as their body sizes increase. The team took advantage of richly detailed X-ray images they produced at the APS to examine the dimensions of tracheal tubes in four beetle species, ranging in body mass by a factor of 1,000. Overall, they found...
New system of wastewater treatment could reduce the size of treatment plants by half
...m which has three clear advantages with respect to systems
currently used: it is possible to obtain cheaper w...used a new technology based on membrane bioreactor systems
which makes it possible to shorten the water clarification process (by which active mud is separated...
Swarming starlings help probe plasma, crowds and stock market
...rchers were particularly interested in how complex systems
such as plasma, crowds of people, or flocks of bir...an the normal statistical analysis of such dynamic systems
such as crowds or plasmas and it should be particularly good at picking up the phase transitions ...
Tropical insects 'go the distance' to inform rainforest conservation
...y, predicting species extinction and designing the systems
of protected natural areas, Hulcr said. Because diversity doesnt necessarily increase with distance, but animals in small reserves tend to go extinct, you should plan for one large area instead of having a lot of small and distant areas to manage ...
Rain forest protection works in Peru
...earch. I foresee that CLAS-like satellite analysis systems
will become the standards routinely used by local conservation agencies to track rain forest disturbances and deforestation in the future. ...
European Science Foundation's Forward Look reaches out beyond the endless frontiers
... its thematic heart is food security in which food systems
play a pivotal role. Food systems
not only contribute to providing safe and healthy food; in a broader context they also contribute to...
Viewing ecosystems from above
...ans, and gain a better understanding of ecological systems
at multiple levels. In symposium 9, to be held at the Ecological Society of America Annual meeting, scientists will discuss current research practices involving remote sensing (use of satellites, airplanes, and other distance-related technologies). ...
Experiment suggests limitations to carbon dioxide 'tree banking'
...hat found their way to various components of plant systems
-- wood, leaves, roots and underlying soil. Only a few of those components will store carbon over time, noted Oren and McCarthy. "Carbon that's in foliage is going to last a lot shorter time than carbon in the wood, because leaves quickly decay," M...
Study: Sticking to the sand might not be such good, clean fun for beachgoers
...arch site on the beach. During heavy rains, sewage systems
can get overwhelmed and result in untreated sewage flowing directly out to sea. "When we were at Lovers Point doing this experiment, there was a baby sitting in the sand, and she was literally eating the sand," Boehm said. "You have to wonder if th...
...fiber entails the use of fertilizer and irrigation systems
and results in land clearing. These side effects ...d for biofuels grows, the pressure on agricultural systems
is mounting. The challenge is to figure out how to meet these demands and keep the ecosystem functi...
Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 2007
...ore accurately determine maintenance needs for the systems
and anticipate equipment failures. Such capability improves manufacturing process efficiency, reduces emissions and prevents costly outages for equipment repairs. Funding for the projects came from the Department of Energys Industrial Technology Prog...
See what you're spewing as you speed along
...cess could be incorporated into onboard diagnostic systems
that would monitor emissions as vehicles drive along and potentially help people reduce their emissions by adjusting their driving style. Reporting in the Optical Society of Americas journal Applied Optics, academics claim this approach is faster ...
MIT study: Maturity brings richer memories
... and plays a critical role in education. The brain systems
underlying it have been extensively studied in adults, but until now little was known about how they mature during child development. The MIT study indicates that a more developed prefrontal cortex (PFC) - an area of the brain long associated with ...
Improved NIST SRM aids lead poisoning detection
...ion particularly harmful to the developing nervous systems
of fetuses and young children, causing learning disabilities and behavior problems and, at high levels, seizures, coma and death. Children can be exposed to lead from lead-based paint in older buildings, or from contaminated soil near highways wher...
Immunity in social amoeba suggests ancient beginnings
...equirement of multicellularity is that you develop systems
to recognize pathogens and other non-self cells from yourself. Kuspa sees two paths for future research in the area. One is to look for evidence of the same immune mechanism and protein in other kinds of amoeba. The other is to look at unicellular...
New survey documents the headaches of computerized medicine
PORTLAND, Ore. Clinical information technology systems
especially those known in the health care industry as computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems
promise to improve health outcomes, reduce medical errors and increase cost efficiency, but hospita...
Forecasting system provides flood warnings to vulnerable residents of Bangladesh
...stimates of precipitation from two satellite-based systems
developed at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and NOAA Climate Prediction Center, along with discharge measurements of rivers in Bangladesh. The forecasting system emphasizes modeling and satellite data to compensate for a lack of river gauge d...
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