Tag: "transport" at biology news

MUHC-led research identifies risk-factor genes for type 2 diabetes

...nsulin-secreting cells and one plays a role in the transport of zinc, an important mineral required for the production of insulin, says Sladek. We used a totally new concept and technology to look for the genes, says Polychronakos. It worked very successfully and our findings are proof of principle that the...

ALTRAN: Industry experts address technology challenges at Altran Innovation Conference

...enewable energy, energy efficiency, trans-European transport networks, clean and sustainable surface transport, nuclear fission and fusion, hydrogen fuel and fuel cells amongst others. In his address to the conference, Mr du Chaisemartin highlighted the need to improve the environment for attracting and ma...

Getting on your nerves ... and repairing them

... creation did not depend on communication with, or transport from, the nerve cell body or its nucleus, or from surrounding support cells. Axonal nerve fibers can be as long as three feet (sciatic nerve), and this independence makes RNAi a promising drug target. "Repairing and rebuilding damaged nerve tissue ...

Columbia University Medical Center awarded $3 million to drive Alzheimer's genetics research

... holds together a system of small tubes inside the transport component of brain cells, becomes altered to contribute to the neurofibrillary tangle found in Alzheimers patients. In 1994, Dr. Mayeux noticed, while studying elderly residents of Washington Heights - the predominantly Hispanic neighborhood where ...

Air contaminants databases ease healthy homes planning

...nces (such as gas stoves); and data on contaminant transport mechanisms, including particle deposition, contaminant sorption and different ventilation systems filters. Two of the five databases are from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Research Council of Canada. Researchers can ...

HIV protein enlisted to help kill cancer cells

...ital. "A portion of the HIV protein called TAT can transport biologically active compounds into cells. TAT is small, but it can move massive molecules. You could almost hook TAT up to a train, and TAT would drag it inside a cell. So we've taken advantage of this ability." In an article published online in Janu...

Cold climate produced by algae contributed to onset of multicellular life

...nimals and the ability of cold seawater to mix and transport nutrients efficiently. A moderately high seawater oxygen concentration developed as a byproduct of the algal growth. This enabled diffusive breathing of primitive multicellulars which were larger than their unicellular counterparts. The ability of co...

The chimpanzee stone age

...utes once thought exclusive of humanity, including transport of raw materials across the landscape; selection and curation of raw materials for a specific type of work and projected usage; habitual reoccupation of sites where garbage and debris accumulate; and the use of locally available resources. Nut cracki...

Putting an old drug to a new use

... DMT-1 transports iron across cell membranes. This transport is increased ten to 100-fold by nifedipine, but ho...ux into cells, but if it exerts its effect on iron transport indirectly by changing Ca2+ levels in the cell or by binding directly to DMT-1 in liver and kidney s...

New mechanism for nutrient uptake discovered

...dy, the scientists wanted to identify how ammonium transport is regulated. Plants import nitrogen in the form...acilitates rapid and sensitive control of ammonium transport to preclude over-accumulation of an ion that is beneficial at low concentrations, but potentially to...

Shedding new light on proteorhodopsin

...eorhodopsin is a light-driven proton pump, able to transport protons across cellular membranes in order to create stored electrochemical energy. In this respect, it is similar to another protein, bacteriorhodopsin, that's used by bacteria in salt ponds to supplement respiration. However, in experiments in whic...

Architectural plan revealed of doomsday arctic seed vault

...vault's operations and pay for the preparation and transport of seeds from all developing nations to the Arctic island of Svalbard. "Every day that passes we lose crop biodiversity. We must conserve the seeds that will allow agriculture to adapt to challenges such as climate change and crop disease. This de...

EO Lawrence Award goes to 8 scientists and engineers

...biologic factors that are critical to the fate and transport of metals and radionuclides in the environment. His studies of how toxic metals travel in the subsurface environment of the Department of Energy Hanford site are helping provide science-based environmental cleanup solutions with broad applications. ...

Cutting-edge projects awarded computing time on Blue Gene/L

...e water in confined spaces to study water flow and transport at the nanoscale relevant to both materials scienc...iversity of Illinois, will study turbulent thermal transport in sodium-cooled reactor cores in order to gain an understanding of thermal mixing that can lead to ...

Traveling in the right direction -- lessening our impact on the environment

...e gas emissions in response to climate change. The transport sector contributes 26 per cent of UK carbon emissi...ough the carbon dioxide emissions created by their transport use."...

Targeting tau: Inflammation study suggests new approach for fighting Alzheimer's

... parts of the brain. The resulting impaired axonal transport of proteins and other cargoes needed to maintain synapses can cause nerve-cell loss, with subsequent dementia, parkinsonism, or weakened motor skills in peripheral muscles, and later muscle atrophy. Hence, blocking fibril formation or eliminating mis...

Firewood unintentionally transports emerald ash borer

...bana-Champaign. It is currently against the law to transport firewood out of a quarantined area and offenders a...e who are unaware of the problem and inadvertently transport the pest to uninfested areas. "I talked with a homeowner in Michigan who had a number of dead ash tr...

Molecular motors and brakes work together in cells

...properly such basic functions as cell division and transport can go wrong, which may have implications in such ...rs, such basic functions as cell division and cell transport can go awry, with such diseases as cancer and dementia possibly resulting. "For the first time we ha...

Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry

...topic. The pioneering works in the area of fluid transport as well as some aspects of heat transport in porous media go back to the beginning of this century. Convective heat transfer in fluid-saturat...

UCF scientists' molecular discovery could help drugs target unhealthy cells

...n that direction. "Right now the only way we can transport atoms is with instruments," Rahman said. "Being able to control that at a molecular level would help us create a natural transportation system that could aid us in many ways in the future." Next, the researchers want to see if they can make the mol...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... TEMPE, Ariz. - Reactions among minerals and organic compounds ... deep carbon cycle, they provide energy for the deep ... life. However, very little is known about how minerals ... Arizona State University have demonstrated how a common mineral ... negating the need for toxic solvents or expensive ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Solanum pennellii , a wild relative of the domestic ... researchers including the labs headed by Professors Neelima Sinha ... Plant Biology. The new genome information may help breeders ... July 27 in the journal Nature Genetics , ... University in Germany. The UC Davis labs carried out ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... research has identified areas of the Earth that are ... change. , Europe is particularly vulnerable, as it has ... per cent, of any continent in ,refugia, areas ... environmental conditions remain relatively constant during times of great ... are mostly in Scandinavia and Scotland. , The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 3Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change 2
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