Tag: "tuberculosis" at biology news
September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...evaluations for uncommon serious diseases, such as tuberculosis
and malignancies. Comfortably Engaging: Which Approach to Alcohol Screening Should We Use? By Daniel C. Vinson, M.D., M.S.P.H., et al Two brief screening instruments for problem drinking, the CAGE questions and a single-question screening tool a...
T cell's memory may offer long-term immunity to leishmaniasis
...is and other immune cell mediated diseases such as tuberculosis
and HIV/AIDS. Attempts to create a vaccine for leishmaniasis have long been stymied by the fact that the helper T cells, which coordinate the immune response against a pathogen, need constant stimulation from the pathogen in order to remain effectiv...
Report: How 10 top new technologies will help world reach globally-agreed goals by 2015
...ctor in the poorest country can instantly diagnose tuberculosis
or malaria, or provide women a way they can prevent HIV-AIDS; where bad water is made safe again. This report is about the pathways to get there," says report co-author Peter Singer, MD, Director of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethi...
Cooperation to create a new tuberculosis vaccine
...new type of preventive DNA subunit vaccine against tuberculosis
(TB) has been signed by the Max Planck Institute f...ulmonary TB in adults, the need for an efficacious tuberculosis
vaccine is more urgent than ever. "The only prevention of TB is the viable BCG vaccine (Bacillus-Cal...
Genetically modified parasite lets researchers probe immune system's memory
...e system's fight against other diseases, including tuberculosis
and AIDS, scientists believe the new insights will be help efforts to develop other vaccines. "We are so much better at understanding how the immune system responds than we are at making a vaccine," Beverley notes. "These new results may help us bet...
Clues to improving TB treatment
...chers may have discovered a way that may make some tuberculosis
drugs more efficient at lower doses, according to ...leaned from an in-depth look at a protein found in tuberculosis
bacteria suggest that the protein can be disabled when it binds to certain other molecules. With thi...
NIH funds new bioinformatics resources at UT Southwestern
...o how microbes such as the influenza virus and the tuberculosis
bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, establish i...the body responds to them. A pathogen, such as the tuberculosis
bacterium, interacts with cells in the host's body, leading to changes in gene and protein activity ...
A clear view of mycobacterial infection
...n between Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes tuberculosis
(TB), and its human host. One of the host's first moves against the mycobacterium is the formation of a granuloma, an aggregate of cells, which consists of macrophages and other defensive immune cells. Although granulomas are required for the elimin...
Stretching the supply of flu vaccine: Solution offered in new SLU research in New England Journal
...in using a tiny needle, such as what is used for a tuberculosis
skin test. Administration of the vaccine in this way involves injecting a small bleb of vaccine into the skin, much like a mosquito bite or allergy skin test, using a very small needle. Belshe said the lower-dose intradermal vaccine did not, however,...
MIDI, Inc receives Official Methods(SM) status for the confirmatory ID of the anthrax pathogen
...ia Identification System for identification of the tuberculosis
pathogen and related bacteria. About USAMRIID USAMRIID, located at Fort Detrick, Maryland, is the lead medical research laboratory for the U.S. Biological Defense Research Program, and plays a key role in national defense and in infectious diseas...
Rethinking new therapies for Crohn's disease at U.Va.
...nfections, and blocking them can reactivate latent tuberculosis
in some patients. Cominelli also warns that anti-cytokine therapy in general may increase the long-term risk of cancer, and blocking some cytokines may reactivate asthma. "An effective treatment strategy for such patients might involve the block...
New tuberculosis antibiotic may shorten treatment time, fight drug-resistant strains
...otic shows promise, thus far in mice, for treating tuberculosis
much faster than current drugs do, scientists repo...ay work against multidrug-resistant strains of the tuberculosis
bug. Studies in healthy human volunteers have indicated that the drug is safe for humans to take, an...
JCI table of contents, December 15 2004
...ient in MyD88 and subjected them to Mycobacterium tuberculosis
infection. While their adaptive immune response a...nvolved in regulating the adaptive response to M. tuberculosis
infection, then what is? In an accompanying commentary, Terence Doherty and Moshe Arditi from Cedar...
UCI researchers create new technique for speeding development of vaccines
...from an infectious microorganism such as smallpox, tuberculosis
or malaria. When people infected with the disease ... can make every protein of an organism such as the tuberculosis
bacterium which has 3,900 genes." The researchers used their technique to identify a unique set of...
Promising anti-TB compound finally can be synthesized with ease
...thor. Once thought to be nearly eliminated, tuberculosis
is again among the world's most-deadly infectious diseases, killing between 2 million and 3 million people each year. Its reemergence has been triggered partly by AIDS, which makes an individual 30 times more likely to develop TB, and by multi...
New class of tuberculosis-fighting antibiotics suggested by biochemical-pathway study
(Philadelphia, PA) - A worldwide health problem, tuberculosis
kills more people than any other bacterial infection. The World Health Organization estimates that two billion people are infected with TB, and that two million people die each year from the disease. However, due to multi-drug resistance and a protra...
Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
...ein that was originally believed to be involved in tuberculosis
antibiotic resistance is actually a "missing enzym...he emergence of multi-drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis
has prompted the search for new drug targets and a better understanding of the mechanism of resistan...
Inexpensive treatment stops multi-drug resistant TB in its tracks
A standard and inexpensive tuberculosis
treatment regimen cut the overall TB rate in half ...the TB pandemic, said Garca Garca, director of the tuberculosis
unit of Mexico's National Institute of Public Health and corresponding author of The Lancet paper. "...
Social stress boosts immune system's flu-fighting abilities
... the skin test routinely used to test a person for tuberculosis
also causes this kind of response. "It takes about a month for the body to develop a strong pool of memory T cells that are ready to fight another virus," Wiesehan said. "We waited a little longer to make sure this memory response was in place." The ...
Gene found in mice may play role in determining susceptibility to tuberculosis in humans
... from the Harvard School of Public Health studying tuberculosis
resistance and susceptibility in animals have iden...plication of intracellular pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis
and Listeria monocytogenes inside host cells. The gene, Intracellular pathogen resistance 1 (Ipr1), ...
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