Tag: "underpinnings" at biology news

Component of volcanic gas may have played a significant role in the origins of life on Earth

...Miller and Urey experiment--that gave experimental underpinnings to Oparin's ideas. In the experiment, Miller boiled H2O, CH4,H2, and NH3 gases in a glass apparatus containing a pair of tungsten electrodes. He subjected the chemicals to an electric discharge, intended to simulate conditions on the early...

Using fruitflies to examine alcohol tolerance

... fruitflies to examine the mechanistic and genetic underpinnings of different forms of tolerance. Findings suggest... uses flies to define the genetic and mechanistic underpinnings of different forms of tolerance. "Tolerance is important and relevant to human drinking because its...

JCI table of contents November 1, 2004

...herefore a great deal of research into the genetic underpinnings that control HDL blood levels. Individuals with Tangier disease have essentially no HDL in the blood. Recently the mutation underlying this disorder was identified in the ABC transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, which is essential for the first step in the ...

Mutations in transporter protein effect HDL levels in the general population

...herefore a great deal of research into the genetic underpinnings that control HDL blood levels. Individuals with Tangier disease have essentially no HDL in the blood. Recently the mutation underlying this disorder was identified in the ABC transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, which is essential for the first step in the ...

Discovery of real-time natural gas formation offers prospect for renewable energy resource

...ces as well as review current legal and regulatory underpinnings of energy development. The company is currently discussing its findings with Wyoming and U.S. national agencies, as well as with major energy companies working in the PRB region. Microbial Methane Production from Coal ...

Spectroscopy for the real world

...es, which enables scientists to study the chemical underpinnings of everyday catalytic, biological, and ecological phenomena in their natural environment, that is, at almost normal pressures and in the presence of water vapor. Their study was published in the Jan. 28 issue of the journal Science. The ALS is one o...

JCI table of contents March 1, 2005

...factors. Understanding the molecular and cellular underpinnings of this interaction may prove to be crucial for both regenerative medicine and cancer therapy." Therapy with BDNF may increase the number of functional and stable blood vessels in patients with insufficient blood supply to various organs - diseases o...

Boosting blood vessels with BDNF

...factors. Understanding the molecular and cellular underpinnings of this interaction may prove to be crucial for both regenerative medicine and cancer therapy." Therapy with BDNF may increase the number of functional and stable blood vessels in patients with insufficient blood supply to various organs - diseases o...

Understanding biological foundation of human behavior critical to improving laws

... behavioral biology, which examines the biological underpinnings of human behavior, could strengthen legal measures in a variety of areas. Such an approach might enhance understanding of why some penalties are more effective than others, how people make choices in areas such as environmental protection and retirem...

Winners of first Trieste Science Prize announced

...gue Mohamed Yussouff, has provided the theoretical underpinnings for studying solids as atomically 'frozen' versions of dense liquids characterized by strong correlations of subatomic particles that have become even stronger. This insight, which has enabled scientists to better understand how classical dense syste...

Single cell recognition research at UCLA/Caltech finds a Halle Berry neuron

...ecent years by the UCLA team, which is probing the underpinnings of the human mind at the single neuron level in humans. Two years ago they identified single cells in the human hippocampus specific to places during human navigation. The body of work is an example of the power of neurobiological research using data...

Is Cajun in the genes?

... population as a whole and a study of the genetic underpinnings of certain disorders found in or at higher rates in the Acadian population. The history of the Acadian people, known as "Cajuns" in Louisiana, makes them a particularly good focus group for genetic study. In the 18th century, Acadians were French...

Complex gene interactions account for autism risk

... the GABA system as it relates to the neurological underpinnings of autism, we may advance toward new therapies." Collaborators on the study include D.Q. Ma, P.L. Whithead, M.M. Menold, E.R. Martin, A.E. Ashley-Koch, G.R. DeLong and J.R. Gilbert, all of Duke; H. Mei of North Carolina State University; M.D. Ritchie...

The body's biological clock: alcohol may lead to physiological anarchy

...ct that alcohol intake may influence the molecular underpinnings of circadian rhythmicity is an emerging concept with potentially important biomedical ramifications. Although a majority of these studies have been performed in rodent models observations of humans correlate with the animal studies and imply that s...

Researchers to gain wider access to knockout mice

... all researchers working to understand the complex underpinnings of human biology in health and disease. Knockout mice provide one of the quickest, most cost effective ways to explore gene function. It is essential that we make it possible for more researchers to tap into this power," said James Battey, M.D., Ph.D...

Dog genome sequence and analysis published in Nature

...al and behavioral differences, as well the genetic underpinnings of diseases common to domestic dogs and their huma...ds and even show similar symptoms, but the genetic underpinnings have proved difficult to trace. "The genetic contributions to many common diseases appear to be easi...

Two NIH initiatives launch intensive efforts to find roots of common diseases

...e effort to identify the genetic and environmental underpinnings of common illnesses. The other initiative launches...ease the chances of a healthy life. As the genetic underpinnings of health and common diseases become clearer, researchers will be empowered to develop targeted trea...

National Academies news: National Academies release fact sheets on terrorist attacks

...imarily for reporters, they explain the scientific underpinnings and health effects of biological, chemical, nuclear, and radiological attacks. The National Research Council's Division on Earth and Life Studies led the creation of the briefs. The fact sheets were produced as part of the National Academy of Engine...

Immunoblot agent misses altered heart cell kinase, points to possible therapeutic opening

...g "that strives to fully understand the biomedical underpinnings of signal transduction in a context-dependent manner." The group of academic research labs is building a signaling database of molecule pages and studies. Information is available at http://www.signaling-gateway.org/ . Next steps "Phosphorylati...

Same genes may underlie alcohol and nicotine co-abuse

...on. And by expanding our knowledge of the genetic underpinnings of alcohol and nicotine co-morbidity these findings will inform our efforts to address those important public health issues."...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... York | Heidelberg, 30 October 2014 Biological membranes ... better understanding of adsorption of solution ions onto ... cells. Now, a new study provides a quantitative ... surrounding solution ions. Joanna Kotyńska and Zbigniew Figaszewski ... authors of a study describing these findings, just ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... the largest study of its kind to date, researchers ... that heighten the risk for autism. Joseph Buxbaum, Ph.D., ... City, Mark Daly, Ph.D., Broad Institute of Harvard and ... samples from affected children, parents and unrelated people. They ... contribute to the risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... their food, but they also need protection from its harmful ... of molecules in plants that shields them from sun damage. ... American Chemical Society , one team reports on the mechanics ... and colleagues at Purdue University note that the harsh ultraviolet ... to plant DNA and, as a result, hinder plant growth. ...
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