Tag: "unl" at biology news

Unlocking proteins from their cellular shell

...The findings for both simple red blood cells and more versatile stem cells show that hidden and folded parts of proteins can be exposed by physical strain, not just by chemical reaction. From there, proteins can be labeled and mapped, increasing the understanding of cellular behavior and unlocking novel targetable sites for drugs t...

Microscopic jets, diamonds unlikely on Uranus, and amazing mosquito legs

Microscopic Polystyrene Balls - now Jet-propelled!... J. Howse, R. Jones, A. Ryan, T. Gough, R. Vafabakhsh, R. Golestanian... Physical Review Letters (forthcoming, advance copy available)... ... The researchers, led by Ramin Golestanian of the University of Sheffield, coated one side of each polys...

A fly lamin gene is both like and unlike human genes

... Lamins are intermediate filament proteins that make up a matrix underlying the nuclear membrane. Mammals have two types of lamins; A-type lamins are expressed in differentiating cells, while B-type lamins are expressed ubiquitously. Mutations in the gene coding for human lamin A cause a range of diseases collectivel...

Generic biologic drugs unlikely to offer significant savings

... ... Insulin is a common biologic prescribed to treat diabetes; other biologics treat arthritis, cancer and other diseases...

UCLA/Toronto researchers unlock key to memory storage in brain

... "Making a memory is not a conscious act," explained Alcino Silva, principal investigator and a professor of neurobiology and psychiatry at the David Geffen School o...

Scientists unlock secret of what makes plants flower

... This new research, carried out by scientists at Imperial College London and the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne, has led to the proposal t...

Scientists unlock mystery of embryonic stem cell signaling pathway

... This discovery takes s...

Avian flu virus unlikely to spread through water systems

A close relative of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) can be eliminated by waste and drinking water treatments, including chlorination, ultraviolet (UV) radiation and bacterial digesters. The virus is harmless to humans but provides a study case of the pathways by which the influenza could spread to human populations.... Cornell researchers studied the related virus, called H5N2...

Self-assembling nano-ice discovered at UNL -- Structure resembles DNA

... ... ...

UVa researchers seek to unlock broccoli's cancer fighting secret

... ... Cross and her colleague Dennis J. Templeton, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the UVa Department of Pathology have received a $1.3 million grant from th...

Burning wetlands unleash sequestered mercury in wake of climate change

... ......... ...... University researcher working closely with the U.S. Geological Survey finds wildfires, growing more frequent and intense, are unleashing this sequestered mercury at levels up to 15 times greater than originally calc...

New light microscope may help unlock some of cells' secrets

... The new light microscope is so powerful it allows scientists to peer deep inside cells to see the fundamental organization of the key structures within. Developed by researchers at Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Farm Research Campus in Virginia and the National Institutes of Health, in collaboration with FSU researchers Michael D...

Current technology for brain cooling unlikely to help trauma patients

... ... Many ongoing cli...

Einstein researchers find 'key' to unlocking world's deadliest malaria parasite

... ... Malaria is caused by a single-celled parasite, Plasmodium, which i...

Think fast! Rice undergrad unlocks nerve speed secret

... <...

Ancient Etruscans unlikely ancestors of modern Tuscans, statistical testing reveals

For the first time, Stanford researchers have used novel statistical computer modeling to simulate demographic processes affecting the population of Tuscany over a 2,500-year time span. Rigorous tests used by the researchers have ruled out a genetic link between ancient Etruscans, the early inhabitants of central Italy, and the region's modern day residents....... The findings suggest that someth...

Scientists unlock more secrets of HIV and SARS

UK scientists have cracked one of the key biological processes used by viruses such as HIV and SARS when they replicate according to a paper published in the journal Nature tomorrow (11 May). Viruses are able to interfere with the host cell processes that our bodies use to replicate cells, and protein synthesis is often one of their targets. For the first time, researchers at the Universities of...

Possible brain hormone may unlock mystery of hibernation

The discovery of a possible hibernation hormone in the brain may unlock the mystery behind the dormant state, researchers reported in the April 7, 2006 issue of Cell. Hibernation allows animals from bears to rodents to survive unscathed--in a state of suspended animation--under the harshest of winter conditions....... If the findings in chipmunks are confirmed, the hormone would represent the fir...

Researchers unlock how cells determine their functions

RIVERSIDE, Calif. Feb. 24, 2006 Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have discovered a molecular mechanism directing the fate and function of cells during animal development. The findings could hold promise for the advancement of cancer and stem-cell research. ...... The research is published in the Feb. 24 edition of the journal Science. UCR Biochemistry Professor Frank Sauer...

U of M researchers unlock mystery of layer encircling the Earth's core

University of Minnesota associate professor of chemical engineering Renata Wentzcovitch and her team of researchers have confirmed the properties of a mineral (post-perovskite) that may form near the Earth's core in a layer called the D'' region. The work offers new insight for interpreting properties of this region. The D'' (Dee double prime) layer surrounds Earth's core and is between 0 and 186...

NJIT solar physicists report paradox: Less sunlight, but temps rise

Less sunlight reaching the Earth's surface has not translated into cooler temperatures, according to a team of solar physicists at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). The scientists, who monitor the Earth's reflectance by measuring what is known as the moon's earthshine, have observed that the amount of light reflected by Earth -- its albedo -- has increased since 2000. The result has bee...

Report focuses on challenges to unlocking future promise of vaccines

Washington, DC October 7, 2005 Vaccines have helped eradicate and tame some of history's worst infectious diseases, but there are many more diseases out there that vaccines can help overcome. The challenges society needs to confront to unlock the future promise of vaccines against the plagues of the 21st century are the focus of a new report by the American Academy of Microbiology. ......"The...

Genetic links could unlock clues to leading cause of blindness

GAINESVILLE, Fla. - Age-related macular degeneration is the leading...cause of blindness in older adults, yet researchers are still in the dark about many of the factors that cause this incurable disease.... ...But new insight from University of Florida and German researchers bout a genetic link between rhesus monkeys with macular degeneration and humans could unlock secrets about the earliest...

Unlike other mammals, newborn dolphins and orcas stay active 24/7 during first months of development

If you thought the sleep-deprived months with your newborn were tough, pity the poor mother dolphin or killer whale. ......Reporting in the June 30 edition of the peer-reviewed journal Nature, UCLA/Veterans Affairs neuroscientists report a developmental pattern in bottlenose dolphins and killer whales that is unique from other mammals, with calves of both species active 24 hours a day during thei...

Exposure to sunlight may decrease risk of prostate cancer

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. In the largest such study to date, a research team from three cancer centers measured sunlight exposure in men and found that increased exposure to sunlight may decrease the risk of prostate cancer. ...Reporting in the June 15 issue of Cancer Research, the researchers, led by Esther John, Ph.D., of the Northern California Cancer Center, and including Sue Ingles, Ph.D., of th...

International alliance to unlock secrets of Egyptian mummies

Two world-renowned teams of experts on Egyptian mummies have joined forces in an international effort to better understand disease and its treatment in ancient Egypt....... The University of Manchester's Centre for Biomedical Egyptology and Cairo's National Research Center have signed a formal agreement to enhance future academic research and teaching in the field....... The Manchester-Cairo alli...

Unlocking mysteries of brain, grooming future med students goals of UH prof

HOUSTON, May 12, 2005 Grooming future health care professionals is just one important contribution Costa M. Colbert makes at the University of Houston. ... ...A UH associate professor of biology and biochemistry, Colbert has recently received the 2005 College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (NSM) John Butler Teaching Excellence Award, named for a former UH dean and geosciences professor who...

Scientists discover how plants disarm the toxic effects of excessive sunlight

MADISON - A newly discovered pathway by which cells protect themselves from a toxic byproduct of photosynthesis may hold important implications for bioenergy sources, human and plant disease, and agricultural yields, a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison bacteriologists announced Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ......Plants turn energy from sunlight into bioener...

Unlocking genetic mysteries focus of UH symposium

HOUSTON, April 1, 2005 Biologists and computer scientists are coming together at the University of Houston to explore the mysteries of genetic material and its potential for leading to advances in evolutionary biology and human health. The event is free and open to the public. ... ...A daylong symposium Computational Molecular Biology: The Future will address these "new" collaborations from...

Europe faces brain drain and declining patient care unless cancer research funding is doubled

London, UK: The first survey to analyse the way that cancer research is funded across Europe has revealed some startling findings that have major implications for cancer patients and for European cancer research policy, it was announced today (Wednesday 30 March).... ...Described as a "clarion call to the European Commission", the European Cancer Research Funding Survey identified 139 non-commerc...

Researchers unlock mechanism creating jigsaw puzzle-like plant cells

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have unlocked the molecular give and take that allows cells in thin structures such as leaves to develop in a jigsaw-like pattern, providing the leaf a surprising degree of strength. The findings were published in today's edition of the journal Cell. Zhenbiao Yang, a professor of plant cell biology at the UCR's Center for Plant Cell Biology...

Tree-ring data reveals multiyear droughts unlike any in recent memory

Farmers, hydroelectric power producers, shippers and wildlife managers remember the Columbia River Basin drought of 1992-1993 as a year of misery. ......... Now researchers using tree-ring data have determined six multiyear droughts between 1750 and 1950 that were much more severe than anything in recent memory because they persisted for years, including one that stretched for 12 years. ............

Reviewing scientists say proposed conservation measures unlikely to help whales

Ocean sanctuaries are unlikely to fully protect whales, say three independent scientists charged by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) with reviewing their sanctuary program to manage whale populations....... In a Policy Forum article forthcoming in the January 28 issue of the journal Science, Arizona State University marine biologist Leah Gerber, Duke University marine biologist K. David...

Vollum Institute discovery may unlock human genome

PORTLAND, Ore. An Oregon Health & Science University-led development of a technique for identifying control elements that drive the expression of genes in brain cells could unleash the disease-fighting potential of the much-hailed human genome....... , are calling the approach a significant advance in understanding the genome....... The Vollum's director, Richard Goodman, M.D., Ph.D., professor...

Chicken genome analysis unlocks secrets of mammalian and bird evolution

U.SAn international consortium of researchers, including a geneticist at the University of California, Davis, uncovered a treasure trove of data when they analyzed the recently sequenced chicken genome, a development that will benefit research in basic biology and medicine for years to come....... . ...... "The draft sequence of the chicken genome and the findings provided in this first-level an...

Award will help unlock mysteries of one of Earth's most important organisms

A University of Washington marine microbiologist whose work is of interest not just to oceanographers but to ecologists, climate scientists, biomedical researchers and materials scientists alike has become a member of a select group of scientists named as Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation investigators in marine science. ... Virginia Armbrust, an associate professor of oceanography, will receiv...

Scientists find acid rain an unlikely ally in the battle against a greenhouse gas

Depending on how you look at it, something good can always come out of something bad. That's actually the case in a new study on greenhouse gases by NASA scientists and others. The researchers discovered that acid rain inhibits a wetland bacteria from producing methane, a greenhouse gas. Methane, a gas that contributes to warming our planet, is produced by natural processes and human activities....

Researchers unlock mysteries of toxic metals in the largest contaminated site in United States

Blacksburg, Va. -- Copper mining in Butte and Anaconda, Montana, starting in 1860's, poisoned the air, the land, and the water; well over 100 years later, contaminants are still found as far as 300 miles down the Clark Fork River, whose headwaters are in that area. ...... The presence of the contaminants has been known for many decades. But the interaction of the heavy metals and other compounds...

Bristol scientists find key to unlock body's own cancer defence

Scientists at Bristol University have found that a protein present in normal body tissues can prevent tumour growth....... A team led by Dr Dave Bates, British Heart Foundation Lecturer, and Dr Steve Harper, Senior Research Fellow in the Microvascular Research Laboratories, in the Department of Physiology at Bristol University, have discovered that a type of vascular endothelial growth factor (VE...
(Date:8/28/2014)... called TX Invasives is now available from the Lady ... at Austin for identifying harmful non-native plant, insect and ... the United States cause about $137 billion in economic ... clog waterways, kill native plants and more. , "By ... reporting where invasive species occur, we,re more likely to ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... Entomological Society of America (ESA) is pleased to announce ... Member of the Society. Honorary Membership acknowledges those who ... significant involvement in the affairs of the Society that ... are selected by the ESA Governing Board and then ... be honored at the Awards Ceremony at Entomology 2014, ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... a handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory ... colitis, using patients, own intestinal immune responses as a ... the journal Cell . , Trillions of bacteria ... critical role in the development and progression of IBD. ... bacterial species affect a person,s susceptibility to IBD and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Mobile app makes ID of harmful plants, insects in Texas a snap 2Fred Baxendale selected as Honorary Member of the Entomological Society of America 2Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD 2
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