Tag: "use" at biology news
University of Oregon professor wins 2004 Spiers Medal
...lls in our bodies. Professor Richmond's innovative use
of nonlinear spectroscopy-lasers-has made it possible to study liquid structure at a variety of interfaces." Richmond was one of the first scientists to recognize the potential of an optical tool known as infrared-visible sum-frequency generati...
September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...ent treatment guidelines. The authors suggest that use
of low education level to identify persons at high...seling young patients about reducing their alcohol use
successfully reduced high-risk drinking among those patients as well as the number of motor vehicle ...
Most promising clinical uses for stem cells from fat agreed on by international society
...ar diseases. Moreover, the group felt the best use
of the technology should be to develop therapies using patients' own cells, as opposed to cells that might be donated by other individuals. Because adipose is both abundantly available and easily accessible, it offers a practical source of stem cells...
Low dose radiation evades cancer cells' protective 'radar'
...d to effort by Hopkins scientists to study ways to use
viruses that can deliver ATM-blocking drugs to the cells. Tests in animals are expected to begin soon. In the current study, colon and prostate cancer cells lines were treated with either high levels of radiation or small amounts spread over many day...
Does a time delay between prostate cancer diagnosis and start of radiation treatment matter?
...ated. "Another important finding here is that the use
of hormone therapy during the treatment delay does...r diagnosis. However, patients and physicians can use
this information to alleviate concerns over delaying treatment in order to make a well informed trea...
NIH awards Emory and Georgia Tech $10 million for partnerships in cancer nanotechnology
...markers on cancer cells and tissue specimens. The use
of nanotechnology enables researchers to combine traditional pathology and cancer biology with highly sensitive molecular analysis. In addition to basic knowledge on cancer biology and biomarkers, the Bioengineering Research Partnership is expec...
Marine Biological Laboratory summer investigator wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry
... involved in many diseases. The scientists plan to use
the new genetic information to create antibodies. And they hope to begin experiments impossible without those antibodies as soon as the project is complete. "Sequencing the clam genome will be a quantum leap for our research," said Hershko. (Read mor...
University of Edinburgh hosts European conference on childhood disability
...will discuss how we as professionals can make best use
of our own learning in order to offer disabled children the most effective help. The conference should point the way forward for us to promote and extend research in all aspects of childhood disability." She added: "Conference delegates comes from al...
Biologists ID molecular block for social 'cheaters'
...h codes for a key protein that Dictyostelium cells use
to recognize DIF-1. "We wanted to see if cells without dimA could cheat the system by ignoring DIF-1 and thereby increase their chances of becoming spore cells rather than stalk cells," said paper co-author David Queller, professor of ecology and evo...
Viruses found in untreated city water
.... If we were to test the water in communities that use
these aquifers we would probably find the same level of viruses." In setting up the research project, Borchardt and Randy Hunt, Ph.D, co-author of the study and hydrogeologist at the USGS in Middleton, reasoned that if they could pred...
Bovine genome assembled
... has been deposited into free public databases for use
by biomedical and agricultural researchers around the globe, leaders of the Bovine Genome Sequencing Project announced today. Contributors to the $53 million international effort to sequence the genome of the cow (Bos taurus) include: the National H...
Interactive health information system to detect Japanese encephalitis in Asia
...ot project that aims to demonstrate that effective use
of information technology can support health syste...le, pay and land-based phones). Health workers can use
any phone to report confirmed and suspected cases of Japanese encephalitis. All repo...
Botulism bug says no to nitric oxide, provides key to molecule's role in human cell signaling
...protective mechanism into a system that learned to use
the toxin to benefit the organism." In human beings, nitric oxide binds to a receptor called soluble guanylyl cyclase to make cyclic GMP, a molecule that improves blood flow by relaxing blood vessel walls. Ferid Murad, M.D., Ph.D., professor and...
U-M scientists see ubiquitin-modified proteins in living cells
...., a U-M research investigator, describe the first use
of a technology called ubiquitin-mediated fluorescence complementation to study a cell-signaling mechanism called ubiquitination. In this process, a small peptide called ubiquitin is linked to a protein in ways that can change the protein's funct...
Society for Psychophysiology Research
...avan, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Does cocaine use
really affect the function of the brain? This stu...ndings document the detrimental effects of cocaine use
on cognitive function and clarify the mechanism by which cocaine adversely affects the brain. SENSA...
HHS awards $232 million in biodefense contracts for vaccine development
...llpox vaccine, making it a promising candidate for use
in children and pregnant women as well as people with weakened immune systems or skin conditions such as eczema. The new contracts will allow the companies to continue the work they began under contracts awarded in February 2003. For the plague...
MIT: Recycling of scrapped electronics studied
...referable to take a pound of recovered plastic and use
it to make new components than to use
it as roadbed filler." The quality of the recovered material determines its potential uses. If th...
Experts present new research on hot topics in aging at GSA's annual meeting in Washington, DC
...s to reduce or prevent the consequences of tobacco use
and obesity and diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Through his leadership, CDC and public health have achieved for chronic disease prevention the kind of recognition and support that the previous century gave to the infectious dise...
Sedentary overweight people get insulin boost from short term exercise; CVD risks trend down
...he field of diabetes, Braun noted, is "both in the use
of exercise to prevent or delay the transition fro...etes) to overt type-2 diabetes, and in the optimal use
of exercise to manage blood sugar in people who already have diabetes." Positive CVD trend ...
US Agency for International Development awards $34 million to Virginia Tech
...ng ecologically based management of pests and land use
methods to enhance productivity, food security, an... crop management, biological controls, and limited use
of pesticides, to reduce both costs and ecological impacts. In the last 11 years, Virginia Tech's pr...
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