Tag: "used" at biology news

Yerkes researchers to present array of new data at Society for Neuroscience Meeting

...d social behavior in prairie voles. (1 pm 2 pm.) used gene therapy and transgenic rodent models to demon...stant research professor, and their research team: used noninvasive imaging technology to examine the brains of nonhuman primates to determine the role of a...

Solutions to stop fishermen returning dead and dying marine animals back into sea - study

...tives are created, fishermen's knowledge should be used to develop acceptable fishing techniques and short-term losses would quickly become long-term gains." Co-author, Professor Chris Frid, said: "For hundreds of years, people in the fishing industry have been aware of the need to reduce the number of di...

NIH funds rare childhood disease to provide insights into the origins of adult cancer

...s National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute will be used to broaden the DBA Registry of North America, which hospital researchers created a decade ago to gain greater insight into the disease. Usually starting within the first two months of life, DBA is a genetic blood disorder of unknown origin that has b...

Humans and dolphins: If brain size is a measure, we're not that different

... processing of high-frequency acoustic information used by modern dolphins and other Odontocetes, Marino says. The second major change occurred with the origin of the superfamily Delphinoidea (oceanic dolphins, porpoises, belugas and narwhals) about 15 million years ago. Both increases probably relate to...

Warning from new SLU research: Usual test for vitamin deficiency can mislead doctors

ST. LOUIS -- A test that generally is used to measure the amount of vitamin B12 in the body is not sensitive enough to detect a deficiency of the vitamin, which has been linked to several neurological conditions, according to Saint Louis University research. The findings were presented this m...

Military hazards are greater for Native Americans, according to sociological research

...minate between 20 and 50 million acres of formerly used defense installations throughout the country. Comparing U.S. Army Corps of Engineer rankings of the hazards posed by each closed site to the proximity and acreage of Native American-owned lands in each location, the study found a disproportionate num...

Academics work to help stressed-out cats

...mall, separate pilot study by Dr Gunn-Moore's team used a synthetic soothing scent to reduce anxiety showed a trend for cats exposed to the scent to have fewer episodes of FIC. More work will continue on this study....

Common household fragrances may be harming aquatic wildlife, study finds

...ls to synthetic musks--chemical compounds that are used to enhance the smell of detergents, soaps, shampoo...id Epel tested six synthetic musk compounds widely used by industry. Their goal was to determine if these artificial fragrances affected the animals' "xenob...

Darwin's greatest challenge tackled: the mystery of eye evolution

...in." To test this hypothesis, Arendt and Wittbrodt used a new tool for today's evolutionary biologists "molecular fingerprints". Such a fingerprint is a unique combination of molecules that is found in a specific cell. He explains that if cells between species have matching molecular fingerprints, then t...

Diabetic damage to eyes, heart, nerves, kidneys may be explained by controversial theory

...f oxygen, or hypoxia. Williamson and his coauthors used in vitro studies of rat retinas to show that both of these conditions decrease the ratio of NAD to NADH in different ways. Hyperglycemia does it by increasing the rate of transformation of NAD to NADH. Hypoxia makes it difficult for cells to turn NAD...

Research to explore revolutionary gene sequencing: Threading the molecular needle

...tomic Force Microscopy (AFM), which is customarily used to analyze the surface structure of materials at m... paired with the AFM probe tip, can effectively be used as sensors to "read" the sequence of amino acid code (DNA "bases") in the human genome that comprise...

VYTORIN (TM) superior again to Lipitor at lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol

... ranges compared to Lipitor. At the most commonly used starting doses of these two therapies, VYTORIN 10/20 mg decreased LDL cholesterol by 51 percent compared with 36 percent for Lipitor 10 mg (p In a subgroup of high risk patients (CHD or CHD risk equivalent), significant differences in LDL cholesterol...

Is the zebra fish leading us to new therapies?

...by the zebra fish. This small aquarium fish can be used to aid the study of the function of human genes. That this investment is reaping returns is evident from the study that VIB researchers at the Catholic University of Leuven are publishing today in the renowned journal Nature . They have shown for th...

Findings challenge Darwinian theory

...akes a crusher claw is triggered by one claw being used more than the other. But if one side isn't stimulated enough, the program that makes a crusher claw never gets started. It's a clear example of how environment in some sense causes difference in form," Dr. Palmer said. Further, studies on many o...

Stress impairs thinking via mania-linked enzyme

...ents with schizophrenia. Antipsychotics, which are used to treat bipolar disorder as well as schizophrenia, block receptors in the brain that activate PKC....

Human embryonic stem cells promising for replacement of blood supply

...c stem cells to make red blood cells for platelets used in blood transfusions, or a source of new blood supply free of any viruses. They might also be a source for bone marrow transplants, especially for those patients who do not otherwise have an appropriately matched donor." This process is also signifi...

Ethical paradigm: Relating embryonic stem cell use to organ donation

.... The authors propose a similar mechanism might be used for embryonic cells. At this stage, however, no d...embryos created for in vitro fertilization are not used because they are unable to properly produce a fetus due to inherent genetic or mechanical defects. ...

Gene linked to enlargement of the factory where proteins are processed

.... They inserted the gene for XBP1 into a virus and used the genetically modified virus to transfer the gene into the fibroblasts. The XBP1 gene triggered an increase in the activity of key enzymes involved in membrane production. Because it is already known that UPR triggers activation of the XBP1 gene, f...

Are museum collections of ancient life representative?

...n a particular time period." For her research, she used outcrops that have already been chronologically mapped. Barbour Wood is studying the ancestors of today's marine clams and snails. Her primary focus is the Eastover Formation of the upper most Miocene, about 6.5 million years ago. "It is an understud...

Researchers tracking sources of arsenic contamination in water

...sulfide, was mined from 1903 to 1919. "Arsenic was used in pesticide. The extraction process involved heating the ore so that the arsenic would oxidize as a white powder," Schreiber said. The researchers have discovered that a stream adjacent to the site is receiving arsenic from groundwater that has flow...

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(Date:7/31/2014)... Census Bureau, Latinos are the largest minority group in ... Approximately one-third of Latinos are obese and are 1.2 ... Whites. , NYU College of Nursing student researcher ... identify the factors that contribute to this problem by ... on food patterns in Latina women recently published in ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... of the roughly 156,000 gas stations across the ... parts of underground gas storage tankscorrosion that could ... a source of drinking water. In recent years, ... rapidly corroding gas storage tank components such as ... use of gasoline-ethanol blends and the presence of ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... An experimental vaccine protected 100 percent of animal models ... difficile , which causes an intestinal disease that kills ... of print in Infection and Immunity . ... and non-human primates against the purified toxins produced by ... orogastric spore infection, a laboratory model that mimics the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NYU research looks to combat US Latina immigrant obesity 2NIST corrosion lab tests suggest need for underground gas tank retrofits 2C. difficile vaccine proves safe, 100 percent effective in animal models 2
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