Tag: "weight" at biology news

Food or its expectation sparks brain's hunger centers

...0 days on the strict regimen, food intake and body weight stabilized, the researchers reported. Rats began eating simultaneously and voraciously as soon as food was presented and stopped eating about 90 minutes later despite the continued availability of food, an indication that the animals were full. The ...

Highlights from the October 2006 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...other weight-loss practices, while men who attempt weight loss typically try exercise rather than dieting, a...rcent); that it is important to limit fats to lose weight (71.7 percent vs. 52.4 percent) and that they need to lose weight (57.4 percent vs. 28.6 percent). ...

Super chow, laced with semi-synthetic vitamin E derivative, inhibited spread of cancer in mice

...produced no visible adverse side effects, not even weight loss, Akporiaye said. "The combined characteristics of ease of delivery, relevance of route of delivery and selectivity for killing tumor cells suggest that dietary -TEA may be useful for treating metastatic breast cancer," he said. The researc...

When two mutants collide: How XPD disorders can be partially rescued in compound heterozygotes

...in combination attenuated the TTD-related skin and weight loss symptoms. This combination of alleles also allowed the normally sun-sensitive CS and XP cells to better survive ultraviolet light, which implies some kind of "interallelic complementation" is occurring (when the two alleles interact and produce...

Mothers who gain weight between pregnancies may experience pregnancy complications

...during the second pregnancy. The study found that weight gain during the interpregnancy period is strongly ...ide robust epidemiological evidence for advocating weight loss in overweight and obese women who are planning to become pregnant, and to prevent weight gain i...

Bacterial protein shows promise in treating intestinal parasites

...inating the parasites, curing anemia and restoring weight gain in the hamsters as mebendazole, one of the dr...eir host's blood and nutrients, causing anemia and weight loss. The researchers said in their paper that because this naturally-produced protein is safe to hu...

University of Florida study shows leptin could combat type 2 diabetes

...es have shown leptin acts in the brain to regulate weight and appetite, this is the first time researchers have shown that leptin can independently affect insulin secretion as well, Kalra said. Typically, eating rich and fatty foods causes blood sugar levels to rise, which in turn causes the body to prod...

Preconception care crucial to improving maternal and infant health

...rates and preventing premature birth and low birth weight babies has slowed in recent years; the focus must now shift to the preconception period. "We can't wait for new medical breakthroughs. We must take what we know and use it now," said Dr. Jennifer L. Howse, president of the March of Dimes, one of t...

Define 'precautionary principle' to avoid clashes over biotechnology under World Trade rules

...d a hard place to say the least. "The relative weight assigned to science and societal choice in the determination of standards or how ''precautionary'' regulations should be underpins much of the possible future disagreement over the legitimacy of standards relating to genetically modified products w...

JCI table of contents: September 14, 2006

...OLIC DISEASE: TNF-alpha makes obese rodents put on weight Although we know that an individual becomes obe...nergy burned by a cell and increases the amount of weight gained by obese rodents. Enzo Nisoli and colleagues showed that the number and energy burning func...

Warming climate may put chill on arctic polar bear population

...responsible for the continuing fall in the average weight of these bears. As females become lighter, their a...e problems for polar bears. "In 1980 the average weight of adult females in western Hudson Bay was 650 pounds. Their average weight in 2004 was just 507 pou...

OHSU research demonstrates possible health risks for children born to overeating mothers

...ypothalamus, the region of the brain that controls weight regulation. The data suggest that children born to...hers who eat a high-fat diet may be predisposed to weight problems. "There has been much scientific debate about the impacts of maternal diet versus environ...

ACS Weekly PressPac -- September 6, 2006

...sels Brown seaweed contains promising fat fighter, weight reducer Of rice and hen: Fashions from the farm Bl... EDT Brown seaweed contains promising fat fighter, weight reducer Chemists in Japan have found that brown seaweed, a flavor component used in many Asian so...

Virus may control Australia's "river rabbit"

...r. "The fish grow to up to 20 kilograms or more in weight and each female can lay up to three million eggs in a single season," Dr Crane says. "In some areas of south-eastern Australia carp make up more than 85 per cent of the fish in the rivers and creeks. "The virus works by attacking the carp's gills as ...

Eating protein boosts hormone that staves off hunger

...e body's own PYY, helping to reduce hunger and aid weight loss," said Medical Research Council clinician sci...d reduce food intake, resulting in improvements in weight loss and weight loss maintenance. However, the mechanism responsible remained elusive. In a study ...

'Portion distortion' may contribute to expanding waistlines, study reports

...0 additional calories and could equal a five pound weight gain over the course of one year if consumed on a daily basis. Participants in the present study served themselves nearly 20 percent more cornflakes and poured almost 30 percent more milk on their cereal than participants 20 years ago. On average,...

Study shows link between morbid obesity, low IQ in toddlers

...y weighed at least 150 percent of their ideal body weight before they were 4, with 19 children and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome, and with 24 of their normal-weight siblings. Researchers chose lean siblings as a control group "because they share a socioeconomic group and genetic background," Driscoll sa...

It's not fair! We are programmed to resist weight loss

...dy is designed to strongly resist attempts to lose weight will be presented at an international gathering of... have strong mechanisms to defend attempts to lose weight but very weak mechanisms to prevent weight gain. Dr King's weight loss intervention studies demons...

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- August 23, 2006

... The system would add about five pounds to a car's weight and less than $100 to its cost when in full production, the researchers estimate. The new tests show that OBDS reduced cranking fuel requirements by 70 percent, increased fuel economy by 1 percent, and reduced tailpipe hydrocarbon emissions to the po...

Study aims to identify schizophrenics at risk for type 2 diabetes

...th schizophrenia. Dr. Kirkpatrick has a chart of weight gain based on drugs used to treat the psychosis th..., gained about 10 pounds within a few weeks. While weight gain is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, previous studies have shown the disease also can ap...

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(Date:7/30/2014)... tended her eggs until they hatched 4.5 years later, ... the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Bruce ... , Octopuses typically have a single reproductive period during ... of their fertilized eggs until they hatch. Shallow-water octopuses ... months, but little is known about the brooding of ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... effects of climate change on the world,s animal ... factors, according to a new paper by a ... of Queensland, and other organizations. The authors claim ... the point when it comes to climate change. ... scientists focus on the "direct" threats of changing ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Board of the Entomological Society of America (ESA) has ... The election as a Fellow acknowledges outstanding contributions to ... teaching, extension, or administration. The following Fellows will be ... -- which will be held November 16-19, 2014 in ... is a professor with the Department of Plant, Soil ...
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