Tag: "widespread" at biology news

New study warns limited carbon market puts 20 percent of tropical forest at risk

...In an ironic twist, 11 countries that have avoided widespread destruction of their tropical forest are at risk of being left out of an emerging carbon market intended to promote rainforest conservation to combat climate change. A study published Tuesday in the Public Library of Science Biology journal warns t...

Interaction of just 2 genes governs coloration patterns in mice

...rvard studied Peromyscus, a mouse that is the most widespread mammal in North America. Within the last several thousand years, these mice have migrated from mainland Florida to barrier islands and dunes along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, where they now live on white sand beaches. In the process, the beach mice...

Smithsonian scientists show differing patterns of rainforest biodiversity

... as for plants, indicating that species tend to be widespread and the biological communities change very little even across large distances. The widespread distribution of insect species was a surprise, given the sedentary lifestyles of many species. So...

Can hemp help the everglades?

... seed. High seed cost is a limiting factor to more widespread use of this effective cover crop. Atrazine is also used globally resulting in numerous studies that demonstrate its contamination of water supplies. Both the original compound and its subsequent products are being detected in surface water and sha...

Handicapping tuberculosis may be the way to a better vaccine

...entury although it is largely ineffective. Despite widespread vaccination programs, the World Health Organization estimates that approximately 2 billion people worldwide are infected with TB, with over 95 percent of infections occurring in developing countries. Most TB is latent, but can become active when the ...

JCI table of contents: August 1, 2007

...eases such as X-linked SCID, a disease that causes widespread immunosuppression and therefore susceptibility to infection. However, a small number of the treated individuals developed leukemia-like diseases because the retrovirus integrated into the genome at a site(s) that caused the cells to divide uncontroll...

American buffalo slaughter fueled by international trade

...-person accounts of the hunt to show that that the widespread slaughter of bison between 1870 and 1880 was the result of a market for industrial leather that was virtually unregulated by the U.S. government as the country emerged from the Civil War....

High rates of HIV infection documented among young Nepalese girls sex-trafficked to India

...fear of HIV and other infection, as well as to the widespread myth that sex with a virgin will cure such illness...venting both the spread of HIV/AIDS and reducing a widespread and violent human rights violation. The authors assert that few resources have been devoted to the...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 25, 2007

...persants caused significant harm, including rapid, widespread death and delay in growth rates, to the coral colonies tested even at doses recommended by the manufacturers, they add. Decision-making authorities should carefully consider these results when evaluating possible use of oil dispersants as a mitigat...

U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer

...nificant role HER-2 plays in breast cancer and the widespread defects we found on FOXP3, it is likely that this gene play an important role in suppressing breast cancer, says Pan Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of surgery and pathology at the U-M Medical School. ...

Call for EU to launch major project to map out all our proteins

...ential base for the development and eventually the widespread application of a new generation of proteomics technologies that are faster, more sensitive and more reliable than the present methods. These technologies, in turn, thanks to their improved performance could greatly improve understanding of many disea...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

...h advance online publication. Chronic itching is a widespread problem. It can be caused by skin disorders like eczema, or it can stem from a deeper problem such as kidney failure or liver disease. It can be a serious side effect of cancer therapies or powerful painkillers like morphine. For some people, chronic...

Drug protects brain cells in Huntington's disease model, researchers find

...e cells called medium spiny neurons, which undergo widespread death in Huntingtons. One major input to the striatum comes from an area called the substantia nigra, which controls voluntary movements and sends signals to the striatum via nerve cells that release dopamine. The researchers conducted various coo...

Study finds contaminated water reaching Florida's offshore keys

...ossibly threatening corals and human health. The widespread use of in-ground waste disposal through septic tanks and injection wells appears to be leading to the contamination of submarine groundwater even up to six miles offshore, said study author Erin Lipp, associate professor at the UGA College of Public ...

Protein pulling -- Learning how proteins fold by pulling them apart

... pulled apart. The experimental method could be of widespread use in the field of protein folding science, which has grown dramatically in the past decade, due in part to the discovery that misfolded proteins play a key role in diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Rice's new findings, which were three y...

Species detectives track unseen evolution

...t despite other significant genetic differences is widespread in the animal kingdom. DNA profiles and distinct mating groups are the only way to spot an evolutionary splinter group from their look-alike cousins, introducing uncertainty to biodiversity estimates globally. Markus Pfenninger and Klaus Schwenk se...

FDA finds no strong link between tomatoes and reduced cancer risk

...chool of Public Health in Boston suggests that the widespread use of PSA (prostate-specific antigen) screening may influence the data on the association between tomato and lycopene consumption and prostate cancer risk. Given the complexities of studying the relationship between tomato or lycopene intake and ...

Loss of hemlocks will affect water dynamics in southern Appalachian forests

...uthern Appalachian region, is already experiencing widespread decline and mortality and may be decimated by the ...ill the ecohydrological role of eastern hemlock if widespread mortality occurs, says Ford, ecologist with the Otto, NC unit where Vose is project leader. With the...

Common environmental chemicals in diet affect fetal ovarian development

...cals and heavy metals, and this has coincided with widespread reports of breeding problems in wild animals. Fertility also appears to be declining among humans and there has also been a rise in reproductive defects observed in newborn babies. Until now, most studies have looked at a short-lived exposure to hi...

'Sundried tide' -- silent, natural disaster

... extreme low tides on clear sunny days can lead to widespread damage of coastal coral colonies. "Really low tides, where the local sea level gets to its extreme low for the year, can occur at different times of the day," UQ's Dr Anthony said. "In years where this occurs during the middle of the day when t...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria ... patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights ... The study also discovered the bacterial growth in chronic ... or slowed down by the immune cells. The researchers ... helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the bacteria to switch ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on the human body. Battles are won, lost ... cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up ... phenomena that is poorly understood. , A ... Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton ... dormancy and the switch to a malignant state. ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... new synthesis of recent research findings to inform their ... two states. , The Ecology and Management of ... Synthesis of the Relevant Biophysical Science and Implications for ... the U.S. Forest Service,s Pacific Northwest Research Station, is ... a synthesis of the large body of scientific information ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2Modeling tumor dormancy 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2
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