Tag: "yields" at biology news

Highlights of American Chemical Society meeting in Atlanta, March 26-30

...d Exposure Assessments) Deep Impact: Space probe yields data on chemistry of comets The Deep Impact spacecraft that dramatically launched a space probe into a comet (called Tempel 1) last year continues to yield big findings regarding space chemistry and the origins of the solar system. Just last month,...

MSU researchers shake out basis for rice domestication

...nt of Plant Biology. "These findings will improve yields to a crop that is the staple food for more than half of the world's population. Our scientists are continuing the legacy started by William Beal more than one hundred years ago of using plant research to benefit the world," he said. The article, "Ric...

Climate change: The rice genome to the rescue

...ontinue to meet the demand for rice in the region yields will have to double over the next 50 years. Research has confirmed that global warming will make rice crops less productive with increasing temperatures decreasing yields. "Clearly, climate change is going to have a major impact on our ability to gro...

New beginning of 'natural spring' announced by UNH scientist, group

...om frost," he said, "and analysis of data on apple yields indicates that warmer temperatures from January 1 to bud break correlated with lower yields, not higher." Wolfe also reported that the magnitude of the impact of earlier bloom dates on woody perennials in the Northeast "is similar to that reported fo...

The Green Revolution comes to Laos

...ese improved varieties today, pushing average rice yields up 35 percent from 2.3 tons/ha in 1989 to 3.1 tons/ha today well above the average yields of bigger neighbors such as Thailand. "What's particularly impressive about these achievements is th...

Molecule by molecule, new assay shows real-time gene activity

...h DNA, an organism's long-term genetic repository, yields its crop of proteins. These random, or stochastic, bursts of protein expression are described in detail in a separate paper Xie and colleagues present this week in Nature. "Although central to life processes, the expression of many important genes ta...

Scientist warns of threat to last stronghold of endangered turtle

...est Africa, the focus of this study. With fishing yields decreasing in European seas the EU has struck up a number of agreements with African nations to fish their waters. Amazingly, most EU fishing concessions don't even incorporate compulsory bycatch monitoring programmes. Scientists from the University...

Disease damages wheat roots, thwarts water uptake

...ater and money and stillmaintain the best possible yields under the diseased scenario. His study is only a year old, but Price intends to replicated it twomore years both in the greenhouse and in the field. The greenhouse studylooks primarily at root mass, while the field study tests plant productionand ...

Experts: Expanding biotechnology research in developing countries key to countering bioterrorism

..., for example, to reduce pollution or improve crop yields will create the environment and conditions within which to fight bioterrorism, especially in the developing world, by building the network of experts needed to spot attempts to misuse the science. According to Dr. Singer, the proposed international...

Amazonian terra preta can transform poor soil into fertile

...ches us how to restore degraded soils, triple crop yields and support a wide array of crops in regions with agriculturally poor soils, but also can lead to technologies to sequester carbon in soil and prevent critical changes in world climate," said Johannes Lehmann, assistant professor of biogeochemistry i...

Chromosome rearrangements not as random as believed

As the human genome gradually yields up its secrets, scientists are finding some genetic events, such as rearrangements in chromosomes, are less random than they had previously thought. Originating as structural weaknesses in unstable stretches of DNA, abnormal chromosomes may, rarely, ...

UC Riverside researchers release new variety of asparagus

... at the moment, some of which may have even better yields than DePaoli." Currently, UCR is cultivating the DePaoli variety in a field near campus. The first test of the new variety, which involves evaluation of yield, spear quality, and other traits, was started in 1990. A full harvest of DePaoli was obt...

Climate change and human health: Present and future risks

...re, global warming could also affect regional food yields and water supplies with knock-on effects for healt...odelling of climate change effects on cereal grain yields later this century indicates a 5-10% increase in the global number of underfed people. Professor McM...

Pritzker gift to fund possible solutions for child obesity including testing YMCA programs

...program based on HSPH's Planet Health curriculum yields significant, measurable improvements in diet, physical activity, and reduced obesity for children. Childhood obesity is a dramatic public health problem that will require a society-wide solution. More than 16 percent of children in the U.S. are overw...

Wide range of topics covered by new research units

...ulture, including new possibilities for increasing yields and for improving the resistance of cultivated plants....

How E. coli bacterium generates simplicity from complexity

...e parts has shown that all this genetic complexity yields surprisingly few physiological functions. This is possibly a general principal in many, if not all, species." Palsson and his colleagues at UCSD, postdoctoral fellows Christian L. Barrett and Christopher D. Herring, and Ph.D. candidate Jennifer L. Re...

New maps reveal true extent of human footprint on Earth

...ding a look at related factors such as global crop yields and fertilizer use. Distilling that information in...SAGE, is similarly mapping the location, range and yields of over 150 individual crops reared around the planet. The exercise is already beginning to cast lig...

University of Arizona/BIO5 plant scientists to unravel maize genome

...." Deciphering billions of letters of genetic code yields vast amounts of data, which have to be stored, accessed and interpreted. BIO5's capabilities in bioinformatics help scientists manage and analyze complex data. The software used to generate the genetic map was developed by Carol Soderlund, who holds...

Biologists discover new pathway into plant cells

...multiple toxins that attack wheat plants, reducing yields and ruining wheat used as seed. In the United States, it's a particular problem in the Great Plains and Midwest. Ciuffetti has spent much of her career studying these "host-selective" toxins. "Until now, we didn't really know exactly how the protein...

California's oak woodlands face a new threat: Climate change

...ing at higher elevations, whereas the global model yields average results over large areas that blur the dis...and valleys within California. The regional model yields a climate scenario in which the future range for blue oak shrinks to 59 percent of its current range...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... A new study has identified two factors that ... increase the production of highly qualified physics teachers. ... to champion physics teacher education in combination with ... initiatives remain viable. Science, Technology, Engineering and Math ... and the study points the way for institutions ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... sticky research out of York University shows a surprisingly ... toxic grass fungus: moose saliva (yes moose saliva). ... "Ungulate saliva inhibits a grassendophyte mutualism" shows that moose ... (which hosts a fungus called epichlo festucae that produces ... less toxicity. , "Plants have evolved defense mechanisms to ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University ... Foundation for Parkinson,s Research to translate a basic science ... discovery project will test chemical compounds on a newly ... that acts on an underlying cause of the disease. ... people manage their symptoms, we are eager to stop ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs 2Moose drool inhibits growth of toxic fungus: York U research 2Albert Einstein College of Medicine receives grant from the Michael J. Fox Foundation to fund drug discovery project targeting Parkinson's 2Albert Einstein College of Medicine receives grant from the Michael J. Fox Foundation to fund drug discovery project targeting Parkinson's 3
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