Tag: "adhd" at medical news

Drug to treat ADHD has similar effect on children with reading disorders

The drug methylphenidate (brand name Ritalin) increased activity in brains of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as those with a reading disorder, researchers at Yale report in the American Journal of Psychiatry. ... ..."During a test of divided attention, Ritalin increased activation in the basal ganglia, a structure of the brain involved in cognition and beh...

Novel imaging technique shows abnormal brain anatomy in children with ADHD

CHICAGO Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display anatomical brain abnormalities beyond chemical imbalance, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Stimulant medications prescribed to balance brain chemistry appear to normalize some of these brain irregularities, a second study reported. ... ..."We fo...

Data suggest ADDERALL XR significantly improved simulated driving in young adults with ADHD

San Diego, CA, November 19, 2004 The Washington Neuropsychological Institute today announced that preliminary data suggested that ADDERALL XR significantly improved simulated driving performance in young adults aged 19 to 25 years with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for up to 12 hours after taking the medication, as compared with placebo. In addition, ADDERALL XR significantly...

Top 10 toys for children with ADHD

New York, November 16, 2004 Shire and the Oppenheim Toy Portfolio today announced the top 10 toys for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), along with selection criteria designed to help guide parents this season as they shop for toys for a child with ADHD. All the toy selections as well as the criteria used are posted on ....... The Top 10 list of toys has been develo...

Study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings finds risk of ADHD greater in boys

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Boys, in general, and children born to parents who have low education levels, in particular, are at an increased risk for developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to girls and children born to parents with high levels of education, according to a study of 5,701 children in Olmsted County, Minn. For the purpose of this study, low levels of education w...

Children with ADHD benefit from time outdoors enjoying nature

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Kids with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) should spend some quality after-school hours and weekend time outdoors enjoying nature, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.... ...The payoff for this "treatment" of children, 5 to 18 years old, who participated in a nationwide study, was a significant reduction of symptoms. The study appe...

FDA approves Adderall XR (R) to treat ADHD in adults

Philadelphia, Pa. Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPGY, TSX: SHQ) announced today that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ADDERALL XR® (mixed salts of a single-entity amphetamine) as a once-daily treatment for adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Since 2001, ADDERALL XR has been approved in the U.S. for the treatment of ADHD in...

Antipsychotic drug prescriptions nearly double for kids with ADHD

NASHVILLE While parents, schools and physicians still struggle with the perceived overuse of the medication Ritalin to treat children with attention difficulties, a new study suggests the potential for another controversy. Researchers at the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt (Vanderbilt Children's Hospital) have found a new class of antipsychotic medications is being prescribed...

Parents can provide accurate reports of their children's ADHD symptoms

Traditionally, clinical trials of drugs to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children have relied on information provided by teachers to evaluate treatment success. An article from researchers at Mass General Hospital for Children (MGHC) verifies that parents can be as accurate as teachers in identifying ADHD symptoms and treatment-related changes in behavior. The use of p...

Survey of adults reveals life-long consequences of ADHD

NEW YORK, May 6 -- Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have grown up with the condition, but have they outgrown its effects? Findings from a new national survey, "Capturing America's Attention," indicate that adults with ADHD experience life-long impairments in several facets of their lives, including educational and professional achievements, self-image and interpers...

Long-term study proves ADDERALL XR is a safe and effective option to treat adults with ADHD

New York, NY, May 6, 2004 Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced that adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experienced significant ADHD symptom control when treated with once-daily ADDERALL XR (a mixed salts amphetamine product). The 18-month interim analysis of a two-year Phase III trial led by Harvard investigators was discuss...

Mixed amphetamine salts significantly better than atomoxetine in treating children with ADHD

Irvine, CA, May 4, 2004 In one of the largest ADHD classroom trials conducted to date, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) achieved significantly greater improvement in both their behavior and attention, the core impairments of ADHD, with extended-release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS XR) compared to those treated with atomoxetine, reported investigators from the Univers...

Bupropion, counseling may help youth with ADHD stop smoking

Results of a small pilot study suggest that combining the drug bupropion with brief counseling sessions may help teens reduce or stop smoking, even those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Evidence suggests that people with ADHD have more difficulty quitting smoking than people who do not have the disorder....... Bupropion is known commonly as Zyban or Wellbutrin....... Researc...

Zinc supplements could help treat ADHD

As attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects around 1 in every 25 school-aged children, managing this condition is of huge social importance. An article published in BMC Psychiatry this week shows that zinc supplements could increase the effectiveness of stimulants used to treat children with the disease....... The effects of ADHD on individual children differ, but symptoms include...

Imaging children with ADHD

....... "Our data show children with ADHD had a two-and-half-fold increased level of glutamate, an excitatory brain chemical that can be toxic to nerve cells," said lead author Helen Courvoisie, M.D., assistant professor, division of child and a...

Severe childhood ADHD may predict alcohol, substance use problems in teen years

Scientists tracking the progress of children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as they became teenagers have shed new light on the link between ADHD and the risk of developing alcohol and substance use problems. The researchers found that individuals with severe problems of inattention as children were more likely than their peers to report alcohol-related problems, a...

Three-time Emmy Award winning actress Kathy Baker to participate in ADHD experts on call program

New York, August 12, 2003 To help families and caregivers better understand attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and dispel some common myths about the condition, Shire US Inc will host the fifth annual ADHD Experts on Call on Tuesday, August 26, 2003 from 8 A.M. to midnight EDT. This year, three-time Emmy Award-winning actress Kathy Baker (Picket Fences, The Cider House Rules and th...

Children achieve sustained ADHD symptom improvement with long-term, once-daily use of Adderall XR

Children achieve sustained ADHD symptom improvement ...with long-term, once-daily use of a mixed salts amphetamine product ... ......San Francisco, CA, May 21, 2003 Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced results of a long-term clinical trial that showed significant improvements in symptom control and quality of life in children with attention-deficit/...

Placebo study indicates lower doses may effectively treat ADHD

(Embargoed) CHAPEL HILL-- A significant percentage of children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder did just as well when harmless placebos, pills without any specific effect, replaced some of their medications, a study led by two N.C researchers shows.... ...The findings raise the possibility that some children with these common problems may be effectively treated on lower doses of medi...

UCLA geneticists find location of major gene in ADHD; targeted region also linked to autism

UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute researchers have localized a region on chromosome 16 that is likely to contain a risk gene for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the most prevalent childhood-onset psychiatric disorder. ......Their research, published in the October edition of the American Journal of Human Genetics, suggests that the suspected risk gene may contribute as much as 30 percent...

Medications aren't affecting brain size in children with ADHD

Although children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have slightly smaller brains than children without the disorder, medications used to treat ADHD aren't causing this apparent difference in brain size and do not appear to be affecting normal brain development, according to the largest brain imaging study yet conducted on children with the disorder.... ... The new study con...

Brain shrinkage in ADHD not caused by medications

A 10-year study by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) scientists has found that brains of children and adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are 3-4 percent smaller than those of children who don't have the disorder and that medication treatment is not the cause. Indeed, in this first major study to scan previously never-medicated patients, they found "strikin...

Time-release stimulant effective for once-daily treatment of ADHD

A research team led by a Massachusetts General Hospital investigator has found that a long-acting form of the stimulant medication Adderall is effective in controlling symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children when taken in a single morning dose. The standard form of Adderall, which is made up of several amphetamine-based drugs, is only effective for four hours. Th...

Concerta approved for ADHD in first European market

...... ...25 FEBRUARY 2002 London, UK -- A new, once-daily treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Concerta XL (methylphenidate HCl), has been approved in the United Kingdom, the first European Union country to license the product. Other regulatory reviews of the Janssen-Cilag medication are planned in the remainder of the European Union, and are in process in Latin Ameri...

Effective treatment for children with ADHD and chronic tic disorders

ST. PAUL, MN Research has recently revealed an effective drug therapy for children who have chronic tic disorders (including Tourettes syndrome) concurrent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As many as nine in 10 children with tic disorders also have ADHD. Previously, the use of medications most commonly prescribed to treat children with ADHD had been discouraged for those w...

New treatment options for children with ADHD

Neurologists have shown that many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who have long been denied the medication most commonly used by doctors, methylphenidate (MPH, also known as Ritalin), can be treated effectively with it. The study in the February 26 issue of Neurology, published by the American Academy of Neurology, also puts forth the idea that a combination of medic...

12-hour ADHD drug as effective as thrice daily doses

. BUFFALO, N.Y. -- A new 12-hour formulation of the most commonly prescribed drug for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, has proved to be as effective as the standard three-times-a-day dosing regimen, a clinical trial conducted by University at Buffalo researchers has shown. . The extended-release formulation of methyphenidate avoids the need for children to take medication durin...

New research expands understanding of treatment for ADHD

. Although methylphenidate (Ritalin) is the most frequently prescribed drug for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its mechanism of action and its effects on the human brain have been poorly understood. .In an article in the January 12 online issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers have for the first time assessed the effects of therapeutic doses of oral Ritalin...

Ritalin helps children with ADHD maintain normal reaction time

.CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Reaction time can be crucial, and children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be out of step. A new study says that non-medicated ADHD kids are three times slower making quick decisions involving different tasks than their non-ADHD counterparts.. Slower reaction times, however, vanished when ADHD children were on methylphenidate (Ritalin), the most commonly us...

Treatment for ADHD appears to reduce risk of substance abuse

.Boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (AHDH) who are treated with.medications - usually stimulant drugs like Ritalin - are one-third as likely to.develop substance abuse or dependence as are boys with ADHD who receive no.treatment, according to a study from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). .The report in the August issue of Pediatrics contradicts a common fear that.stimula...

First Trial Comparing Adderall To Ritalin For ADHD Shows It To Be Longer-Lasting, Equally As Effective

. BUFFALO, N.Y. -- The first trial of comparable doses of Ritalin, the.standard treatment for children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.(ADHD), and Adderall, another drug used to treat ADHD, has shown that Adderall.lasts longer than Ritalin and is at least as effective.. . In addition, staff supervising and observing the children during the.trial, who were blinded to t...

How Ritalin Enhances Memory: Clues Provided By Brain Scans of ADHD Patients Using The Drug

. .Fall Meeting, Nov. 7-11 .LOS ANGELES -- Scans of brain activity in adults with.attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are significantly different from.scans of adults without ADHD, yet few difference are noted between scans of.these two groups once the ADHD patients begin to take the drug Ritalin.(methylphenidate), report researchers from Emory University at this week's.meeting of th...
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