Tag: "airways" at medical news

Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children

... lung disease, caused by increased reaction of the airways to various stimuli, such as cigarette smoke, airbo...sodes" a series of events that result in narrowed airways which is responsible for the difficulty in breathing with the familiar wheeze. Although each pers...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (second issue)

...ients with COPD have persistent obstruction of the airways associated with either emphysema or chronic bronchitis, which usually results from years of heavy cigarette smoking.) Of the 689 outpatients involved, 183 (27 percent) died during follow-up. They were older, had a lower body mass index, showed poor...

Cigarette smoke worsens respiratory infections in infants

...etions more easily than the bigger, more developed airways of older children. Surprisingly, the RBEL study also found that African-American children tended to have less serious infections than Caucasian children. Because RSV infection is linked to childhood asthma and because African-Americans are more likel...

Research guides medication choices for young Asthma patients

...atory medications that are applied directly to the airways by breathing them in. Leukotriene receptor antagonists, taken in pill form, act systemically to block substances call leukotrienes, which are associated with inflammation and allergic reactions. Both medications are considered effective, but inhaled...

Clinical trial of Etanercept for Wegener's disease shows no benefit

...imiting the flow of blood to lungs, kidneys, upper airways and other organs. The disease can affect people of any age and occurs in men and women with equal frequency. Although current medications used to treat Wegener's halt the disease temporarily in most patients, 60 to 80 percent of patients eventually ...

JCI table of contents, January 20 2005

...ion suffers from the chronic inflammation of their airways that we have come to know as allergic asthma. This...nd that the levels of sIL-6R were increased in the airways of asthmatic individuals and blockade of this receptor in mice suppressed airway inflammation. By co...

Future of clinical medicine research is at risk, warns professor

...ic techniques, initially to washings from the lung airways and latterly to induced sputum, highly specific proteins relating to the disease and the inflammation have been identified. The same techniques have shown similarly promising results in other lung diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pu...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for December 2004 (second issue)

... COPD, patients have persistent obstruction of the airways associated with either emphysema or chronic bronchitis, caused by years of smoking.) The reductions were 1.78 percent in femoral neck bone mass density and 1.33 percent in lumbar spine bone mass density. The declines occurred in both the men and wo...

Landmark survey reveals asthma in children remains significantly out of control in the United States

...riction tightening of the muscles surrounding the airways (90%) or inflammation airway-swelling and irritation (93%) the two underlying causes of asthma symptoms. Only 53% of those classified as having severe asthma and 63% of those with moderate asthma reported they or their children took prescript...

CT helps find cause of puzzling cough in WTC rescue workers

.... Air trapping, a manifestation of obstructed lung airways often seen in smokers and the elderly, was identified in 25 of 29 rescue and recovery workers suffering from "WTC cough," according to early research results presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). ...

Chemoprevention backgrounder: Working for a future of cancer chemoprevention

... he could find genetic changes in cells lining the airways that are exposed to carcinogens, then targeting these "precancer" cells for treatment could delay the onset of cancer in some people. Hong did find an "initiation phase" in which genetic changes produce premalignant lesions, which then can morph into...

New study shows patients experience asthma variability, despite strict adherence to guidelines

...e lung disease, caused by increasedreaction of the airways to various stimuli, such as cigarette smoke, airbo...odes" - a series of events that result in narrowed airways - which isresponsible for the difficulty in breathing with the familiar wheeze.(3) Although each per...

Research with red tide toxin yields potential therapies for cystic fibrosis

...w of mucus through the respiratory tract, allowing airways to clear more quickly and efficiently. "These comp...rtant defense systems in the lungs, protecting the airways from bacteria and pollutants. "We think the ability of these anti-toxins to improve the clearance of...

'Outgrown' a peanut allergy? Eat more peanuts!

...life-threatening allergic reaction that constricts airways in the lungs, severely lowers blood pressure, and causes swelling of the tongue or throat, and sometimes leads to death. Co-authors of the study were David Fleischer and Mary Kay Conover-Walker of the Johns Hopkins Children's Center Division of Immu...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for October 2004 (second issue)

... COPD, patients have persistent obstruction of the airways associated with either emphysema or chronic bronchitis, which has usually been caused by years of cigarette smoking.) The researchers studied 47 patients in 4 different groups, with 23 receiving testosterone, either with or without exercise. By rai...

Study lays down genetic basis for sinus disease and nasal polyps

...d gene. CC10 is a protein, found primarily in the airways of the lung, among other organs. This protein is thought to be a potent anti-inflammatory molecule and plays an important role in the immune response. While its precise biochemical and molecular functions are unknown, CC10 is used as a treatment fo...

Breathing problems during sleep may affect mental development in infants and young children

... tonsils and adenoids, which can briefly block the airways in the back of the throat during sleep. African American children are twice as likely to develop SDB compared to white children. Children who are overweight or obese are also more likely to develop SDB. In the first study, researchers evaluated 256 f...

New data show SPIRIVA significantly reduces COPD exacerbations and related health resource burden

...D patients breathe more easily by opening narrowed airways and helping to keep them open for 24 hours. According to treatment guidelines of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), long-acting bronchodilators, including tiotropium, are a preferred treatment option for COPD maintenan...

Study finds pregnant woman's asthma is likely to be worse if baby is a girl

...onse to the inflammation of the asthmatic mother's airways that somehow worsens the asthma. "The good news is...regnancy. Steroids control the inflammation of the airways that occurs in asthma. "Inhaled steroids are generally considered safer for the fetus than oral ster...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May 2004 (first issue)

... (COPD patients have persistent obstruction of the airways associated with either emphysema or bronchitis. Both illnesses are caused by years of cigarette smoking. In the U.S., the disease is the fourth leading cause of death.) In addition to the demonstrated improvement in the sensation of breathlessness...

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