Tag: "antibiotics" at medical news

Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries

... in hospital nurseries may not be treatable by the antibiotics ampicillin and gentamicin, which are currently recommended by the World Health Organisation for this purpose. The high proportion of the meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains in many areas, especially south Asia where 56% of all i...

Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced

...e introduction and widespread use of new macrolide antibiotics such as azithromycin and clarithromycin, especiall... how quickly antibiotic resistance can spread when antibiotics are used inappropriately. It will be important to continue combining vaccines with programs that em...

Panacea or Pandora's box

... clinical-dosage guidelines or when warnings about antibiotics are placed in the paper chart and not seen by physicians who are using only the computerized system. Human-machine interface flaws reflect machine rules that do not correspond to work organization or usual behaviors. For example, within the CPO...

Three out of the four million newborn babies who die each year could be saved

...eding, extra care for low-birth-weight babies, and antibiotics for neonatal infection. The paper emphasises that combining interventions into packages, which are delivered within existing maternal care and child survival programs, will be more cost effective than creating a separate program. Despite the availabi...

Studies address issues of risk and survival in rapidly increasing GI cancers

...artially due to increased use of refrigeration and antibiotics to treat childhood infections. Only 22 percent of patients with stomach cancer are diagnosed at an early enough stage to bring about significant survival benefit. In 2005, approximately 21,860 people will be diagnosed with stomach cancer and 11,550...

Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women

...ered only when use of other first- and second-line antibiotics is not feasible," the authors write....

Immediate access to antibiotics stems spread of sexually transmitted diseases

...shows that providing faster, more direct access to antibiotics for partners of newly infected patients reduces re... treatment was accelerated by providing packets of antibiotics or mailing medication directly to partners from the pharmacy, without first requiring examination of...

Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections

... practice of administering subtherapeutic doses of antibiotics as growth promoters in animals. E.coli is common bacteria found in humans and animals. Thousands of E.coli live in the organs of humans and animals and provide multiple benefits such as aiding in digestion of certain nutrients. However, E.coli is al...

Over prescribing causing high rates of antibiotic resistance in south and east Europe

Resistance to antibiotics is more common in southern and eastern Europe than... (DID). The study found that the prescription of antibiotics in primary care in Europe vary greatly. The highest rate was in France (32.2 DID) and the lowest was...

Trial reveals safer and simpler approach to treating children with cystic fibrosis

...in this week's issue of THE LANCET. Aminoglycoside antibiotics are widely used for the management of patients who...may be preferred by patients receiving intravenous antibiotics because of its convenience. Antipseudomonal antibiotics are usually given as combinations of two or ...

Physicians call for increased funding for federal infectious disease programs

...hreat the risk that microbes resistant to existing antibiotics could be developed by terrorists or by mother natu...hough drug resistance is on the rise, very few new antibiotics are being developed. "We must reinvigorate the anti-infectives market so that infectious disease doc...

IDSA applauds Senate leadership for introduction of S. 3

...gnostics for infectious diseases, particularly new antibiotics that target drug-resistant infections. On January ...re also seeing a decline in the development of new antibiotics to treat such infections," said IDSA President Walter E. Stamm, MD. In July 2004, IDSA released a re...

Feb. 1, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet

...side effects, complications, or the need to change antibiotics (Article, p. 165). Patients treated at home were more satisfied with their overall care. The patients at low risk for complications were identified using a commonly used scoring system, the Pneumonia Severity Index. An editorial writer says that the...

Lottery funding to aid research into superbugs

...n London, said: "The prompt and appropriate use of antibiotics to control lung infections is essential to increas...erious challenges namely, increasing resistance to antibiotics in well known pathogens, such as MRSA, and increasing virulence and transmissibility in inherently r...

Vioxx went mostly to patients who didn't need it, Stanford researcher says

... harms. Many people, for instance, are allergic to antibiotics and yet physicians accept this inherent risk in patients who have significant bacterial illnesses because the benefits of treatment usually outweigh the risk of allergic reaction. For COX-2 inhibitors, however, the risks may outweigh the benefits, es...

Grapefruit juice and medication can be a dangerous mix

..., depending on the specific medication. Someone on antibiotics might end up with diarrhea or could be ill longer than usual because the some drugs won't work as well as they should. A heart patient might not get the lowered blood pressure that a medication should deliver, or the heart's rhythms might become irre...

Antibiotics protect nerves in mice by turning on genes

A family of antibiotics that includes penicillin may help prevent nerve da...xtremely premature for patients to ask for or take antibiotics on their own," says the study's leader, Jeffrey Rothstein, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Robert Packa...

Urinary tract infections likely caused by tainted food

...ople just have to be more conscious of when to use antibiotics for which infections," said lead author Lee W. Riley, MD, of the University of California-Berkeley. "Sometimes the use of these drugs may not be necessary." However, when drug-resistant organisms originate in animals, "there's not much people can do"...

Study explores antibiotic misuse

...n the United States are taking bacteria-destroying antibiotics for colds, flu and bronchitis, all caused by virus...istant bacteria running ahead of production of new antibiotics to fight them. "If you look at the history of antibiotic use in the last 60 years and you look at th...

OTC treatment for acne as good as antibiotics

...benzoyl peroxide lotion is as good as prescription antibiotics for the treatment of mild to moderate facial acne....tions for acne--including the comparison of tablet antibiotics and antibiotic lotions with the antimicrobial treatment benzoyl peroxide. Hywel Williams and colleag...

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