Tag: "assoc" at medical news

Organizational traits associated with quality patient care are essential to home care nursing

NEWARK, N.J. Organizational traits that support hospital-based nurses' efforts to provide high quality patient care and enhance their job satisfaction are also essential to home care nursing, according to a study conducted by a Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member. ...This is the first step towards researching the impact of the nurse work environment on patient care outside of hospital set...

Depression may explain higher risk of heart attack associated with antidepressants

The underlying depression, rather than the effects of the drugs themselves, may explain the increased risk of heart attack associated with taking antidepressants, suggests research in Heart. More than one in 10 older people are prescribed antidepressants.... ...The findings are based on anonymous prescribing supplied from 644 general practices across the UK, on 60,000 patients who had had their f...

Study finds direct association between cardiovascular disease and periodontal bacteria

Baltimore, MarylandResearchers report this week that older adults who have higher proportions of four periodontal-disease-causing bacteria inhabiting their mouths also tend to have thicker carotid arteries, a strong predictor of stroke and heart attack.... ...An investigative team of researchers from the University of Minnesota (Minneapolis) and Columbia University (New York City) presented their...

Awards & fellowships at the International & American Association for Dental Research General Session

Baltimore, MD...As part of the Opening Ceremonies of their 83rd General Session and 34th Annual Meeting, convening today at the Baltimore Convention Center, the International and American Associations for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and fellowships. Details follow: ...... ...Presented to Tom Lehner (Guy's, King's and St Thomas' Hospital Medical and Dental School, King...

Current daily smoking may be associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts

CHICAGO Suicidal thoughts or attempts are associated with daily smoking in current smokers, but not former smokers, according to an article in Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ... ..."A link between cigarette smoking and suicide has been reported in epidemiological investigations since the 1970s," according to background information in the article. However, the...

Inpatient smoking cessation counseling is associated with early differences in mortality

Giving up smoking after a heart attack has been clearly associated with improvements in long-term patient survival, but how soon after myocardial infarction does smoking cessation begin to have positive effects? A study published in the current issue of The American Journal of Medicine indicates in-hospital cessation counseling following heart attacks is associated with better short-term survival...

Immediate mammogram reading may decrease stress associated with abnormal results

Women who receive the results of their screening mammograms immediately after their examination have less stress and anxiety compared with women who have to wait several days for their test results, according to a study in the April 7 issue of the . Surprisingly, however, an educational intervention that taught skills to cope with anxiety was not associated with decreased anxiety among a similar...

Exposure to famine associated with increased breast cancer risk

Women who experienced a short but severe decrease in their food intake during the 19441945 Dutch famine have an increased risk of breast cancer compared with women whose caloric intake was not as greatly affected, according to a study in the April 7 issue of the . ...... Several animal studies have found that reducing caloric intake by one-third to one-half for the animals' lifetime prevents var...

Tolerance for alcohol associated with family history

People with a family history of alcoholism may develop a tolerance that causes them to drink more in order to feel the same effects, according to a recent study. ......In a laboratory experiment, research participants who had a family history of alcoholism reported greater feelings of intoxication after exposure to alcohol than participants who did not have a family history of alcoholism. But tho...

Laser procedure effective in correcting nasal blockages associated with deviated septum

CHICAGO A new laser procedure that requires only local anesthetic is effective in treating nasal passageway obstructions associated with a deviated nasal septum, according to an article in the July-September issue of The Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The procedure uses heat generated by a laser to soften cartilage abnormalities so that they can be flatte...

Alcohol tolerance associated with family history

INDIANAPOLIS People with a family history of alcoholism may develop a tolerance that causes them to drink more to feel the same effects, according to a study conducted at the Indiana University School of Medicine. The study's findings were published in the August issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, a monthly journal covering the causes, treatment and prevention of alcohol-r...

Declining physical activity levels are associated with increasing obesity

The recent worldwide increase in obesity has been attributed to environmental factors such as more sedentary lifestyles and excessive food intake. In an article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Lahti-Koski et al. conducted a series of cross-sectional surveys of Finnish men and women with the aim of assessing the relationship between lifestyle variables and increased obesity over a 1...

UCSD researchers find raloxifene is not associated with early cardiovascular harm

...UCSD School of Medicine researchers have found that the osteoporosis therapy raloxifene HCl was not associated with early cardiovascular harm and reduced the risk of cardiovascular events by 40 percent in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who were also at high risk for cardiovascular disease. The findings are published in the February 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Ass...

American Heart Association Comment: Lancet (Jan. 24, 1998) Report

. . American Heart Association Comment:Lancet (Jan. 24, 1998) report titled."Thrombosis prevention trial; randomized trial of low-intensity oral.anticoagulation with warfarin and low-dose aspirin in the primary.prevention of ischaemic heart disease in men and increased risk" . A combination anticoagulant treatment -- low-dose aspirin and low-dose.warfarin -- reduced the risk of heart att...

Study associates alcohol use patterns with Body Mass Index

The body mass index (BMI) of individuals who drink alcohol may be related to how much, and how often, they drink, according to a new study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). In an analysis of data collected from more than 37,000 people who had never smoked, researchers found that BMI was associated with the number of...

Hypothyroidism associated with reduced breast cancer risk

HOUSTON - Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have found that women with a common thyroid gland disorder appear to have a reduced chance of developing invasive breast cancer, according to a study published in the March 15 issue of Cancer, out online Feb. 14....... In a retrospective case-control study of 2,226 females, researchers found that women with primary hypo...

COX-2 inhibitors associated with blood pressure elevation

CHICAGO An analysis of 19 randomized controlled trials involving COX-2 inhibitors (selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors) suggests that these agents raise blood pressure more than either conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or placebo, according to a study to be published in an upcoming issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The study...

Mother's depression associated with increased risk of child's antisocial behavior

CHICAGO Significantly higher levels of antisocial behavior were found in seven-year-old children whose mothers were depressed during the child's first five years of life, according to an article in the February issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ......"Children of depressed mothers have elevated conduct problems, presumably because maternal depression dis...

Canadian neurologist wins highest award as American Stroke Association honors five

NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 2 One of North America's foremost neurologists and stroke researchers, Vladimir Hachinski, M.D., D.Sc., professor of neurology at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ont., Canada, is the recipient of the American Stroke Association's highest honor the Thomas Willis Award for 2005.... Hachinski will receive the award and deliver the prestigious Willis Lecture today at t...

Association publishes blueprint to strengthen stroke care from prevention through recovery

NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 2 -- Stroke care providers must develop systems of care to improve each link in the chain of survival in preventing and treating stroke, the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association urges in a new statement. ... An estimated 700,000 U.S. residents have a new or recurrent stroke each year, and about 163,000 of them die. An estimated 5.4 million Americans are stroke...

Obesity and weight gain associated with poorer breast cancer survival

Alexandria, VA-- Women who are overweight prior to breast cancer diagnosis, or who are lean but gain weight following diagnosis, are more likely to have their disease return or die of the disease, a new study shows. This effect was found to be particularly pronounced among women who had never smoked. The study is to be published online January 31 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO). .........

Association of herpesvirus with lung disorder questioned

Contrary to the results of a recent U.S. study, investigators in Japan found no association between a herpesvirus infection and a potentially life-threatening form of high blood pressure, as reported in the March 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.... ...The researchers reported that they were not able to detect human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as the Kapos...

Higher folate intake associated with decreased risk of hypertension in women

John P. Forman, M.D., of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston and colleagues analyzed data from two studies (93,803 younger women aged 27 to 44 years in the Nurses' Health Study II [1991-1999] and 62,260 older women aged 43 to 70 years in the Nurses' Health Study I [1990-1998]). The participants did not have a history of hypertension. Baseline information on dietary fol...

Marijuana associated with same respiratory symptoms as tobacco

New Haven, Conn.--Smoking marijuana is associated with increased risk of many of the same symptoms as smoking cigarettes--chronic bronchitis, coughing on most days, phlegm production, shortness of breath, and wheezing, according to a Yale study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine....... In addition, marijuana smoking may increase risk of respiratory exposure by infectious organi...

Elevated glucose levels and diabetes are associated with increased risk for cancer

New research involving more than one million people indicates that having high fasting serum glucose levels and diabetes are risk factors for several major cancers, according to a study in the January 12 issue of ....... Diabetes mellitus is a serious and costly disease that is becoming increasingly common in many countries, including Korea, the site of this study, according to background inform...

Insufficient sleep associated with overweight and obesity

CHICAGO Obese and overweight patients in a study group reported sleeping less than their peers with normal body mass indexes (BMIs), according to an article in the January 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.... ...Insufficient sleep causes neurocognitive changes such as excessive daytime sleepiness, altered mood, and increased risk for work-related injur...

Anti-psychotic drugs may be associated with increased risk of diabetes in schizophrenia patients

CHICAGO Patients treated with the atypical anti-psychotic agents clozapine and olanzapine may be at an increased risk for insulin resistance, which is a major risk factor for diabetes mellitus, according to a study in the January issue of The Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.... ..."Compared with the general population, life expectancy in patients with schizophre...

Arsenic ingestion from well water associated with increased risk of lung cancer

Residents of Taiwan who consumed drinking water with high levels of arsenic have a higher risk of lung cancer, with cigarette smokers from this group having an even greater risk, according to a study in the December 22/29 issue of ....... Arsenic is a naturally occurring element in soil, and can contaminate drinking water, according to background information in the article. Residents of the sout...

Gastrointestinal disorders are associated significantly with sleepless nights

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers report in the current issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings an association between gastrointestinal disorders and sleep disturbances. The association is important because these problems cause significant health issues including greater need for general medical and mental health treatment.... ...It's estimated that nearly one-half of American adults experienc...

Study finds continued reduction in breast cancer incidence associated with longer use of raloxifene

Raloxifene (Evista) continues to be associated with more than a 50% reduction in breast cancer incidence beyond the first 4 years of treatment, according to a new study in the December 1 issue of the ...... The randomized, double-blind Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial found that, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, 4 years of treatment with raloxifene was associated...

Highlights of the December Journal of the American Dietetic Association

The December 2004 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest. Below is a summary of some of this month's articles. For more information or to receive a faxed copy of a Journal article, e-mail . ... ...Physical Activity and Obesity among Premenopausal Women... Women who are approaching or at menopause and are at risk f...

Study identifies factors associated with long-term opioid treatment of veteran patients

CHICAGO Veteran patients who receive long-term opioid prescriptions generally are treated with modest and stable medication dosages, according to an article in the November 22 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ... ..."The long-term use of opioids for the treatment of chronic pain of nonmalignant [noncancerous] origin has been generally supported by sp...

Estrogen-associated COX-2 pathways explain protection from heart disease in female mice

(Philadelphia, PA) - Heart disease is less pronounced in women than in men as humans age, but this difference narrows after menopause. Some studies have shown that estrogen slows heart disease in mouse models, but the mechanism is largely unknown. Now scientists from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine show for the first time that in female mice protection from hardening of the arte...

Paclitaxel chemotherapy for breast cancer not associated with serious radiation pneumonitis

Breast cancer patients treated with paclitaxel-based chemotherapy and radiation therapy do not experience pneumonitis--an inflammation of lung tissue--more often than patients treated with radiation and a chemotherapy regimen that did not include paclitaxel, according to a new study that appears in the November 17 issue of the ...... The use of taxanes, such as paclitaxel, has led to improved ou...

Infections in low-birth-weight infants are associated with impaired neurodevelopment and growth

ATLANTA--Neonatal infections in extremely-low-birth-weight infants significantly increase the likelihood of problems related to neurodevelopment and growth in early childhood, according to a study of more than 6,000 premature infants led by investigators at Emory University School of Medicine. The research findings are published in the November 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Ass...

Metabolic syndrome associated with cognitive decline in elderly persons

Elderly individuals with the metabolic syndrome, a grouping of several common conditions including abdominal obesity, low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL, the "good cholesterol"), hypertension, and high triglyceride and blood sugar levels, are more likely to experience cognitive impairment than those without this syndrome, according to a study in the November 10 issue of JAMA. The researc...

Close control of blood pressure associated with fewer eye problems in patients with type 2 diabetes

CHICAGO Patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension who kept their blood pressure very tightly controlled had fewer eye disorders caused by their diabetes, according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals....... According to the article, type 2 diabetes and hypertension are often associated. At age 40, approximately 32 percent...

Eating fruits and vegetables associated with reduction in cardiovascular disease, but not cancer

Increased fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease but not cancer, according to a new study in the November 3 issue of the ...... Eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily has been recommended to reduce a person's risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, the leading causes of death in the United States. Studies have evaluat...

Annual vaccination against influenza associated with decreased risk of death in elderly

A study from the Netherlands suggests that elderly persons who receive a yearly influenza vaccination have reduced risk of death from all causes, according to a study in the November 3 issue of JAMA.... ..."Influenza-associated morbidity and mortality increase with age, especially for individuals with high-risk conditions," the authors provide as background information in the article. "The effe...

A key to pregnancy-associated malaria

A malaria protein that traps infected cells in the placenta may provide a promising new target for a vaccine against pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM). Salanti and colleagues show that the malaria protein VAR2CSA is displayed on malaria-infected cells that bind to the placenta, as they report in the November 1 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine. This causes a dangerous infection, wh...
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Obesity Should Not Be a Hollywood Punchline, Weight Loss Doc Says 2Health News:Performance Physical Therapy Awarded with Jayne L. Snyder Private Practice of the Year 2014 2Health News:Scientists to Stanford: Research Shows Brain Exercises Can Work 2Health News:Scientists to Stanford: Research Shows Brain Exercises Can Work 3Health News:Scientists to Stanford: Research Shows Brain Exercises Can Work 4Health News:Lice Troopers Announces New Lice Treatment Clinic in Coral Gables to Service Key Biscayne, Coconut Grove, Kendall, Brickell & South Miami 2Health News:Project Veritas: James O’Keefe Interviews the Man Who Discovered Jonathan Gruber Videos 2
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