Tag: "august" at medical news

Physics World Digest August 2004: Eye surgery sharpens up

... ...Physicists have devised a new way to map the cornea that could improve the accuracy of laser eye surgery. The shape and thickness of the cornea are vital pieces of information for surgeons, who need to alter permanently this transparent membrane to ensure that light is sharply focused on the retina. The information is currently obtained by reflecting a narrow strip of light that is shone...

July/August 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...Counter to the prevailing perception that adverse drug events and surgical mishaps are the primary causes of medical errors, this qualitative study of 38 patients suggests that breakdowns in the clinician-patient relationship (37 percent) and access to clinicians (29 percent) may be more prominent. When asked about problems they experienced in the primary care office setting, patients were m...

Tip sheet for August 26 Neurology and more news

... ...In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of two doses of donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor, the drug improved the cognitive function of VaD patients, with the greatest improvement shown among those taking the lower dose of the medication. Vascular dementia trails only behind Alzheimer's disease (AD) in prevalence. It differentiates from AD in that decline is generally rapid and ma...

Other highlights in the August 20 issue of JNCI

...Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women, but the mechanism for this association has not been established. A new study suggests that the risk increase may result from an associated increase in the production of estrogens. Timothy J. Key, D.Phil., of the University of Oxford, and his colleagues from the Endogenous Hormones and Breast Cancer...

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, August 19, 2003

... Obese men developed symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS) more often and had lower blood oxygen levels at night than normal-weight men in a study that simulated a rapid ascent to an altitude of 12,000 feet (Article, p. 253). Nine obese men and 10 non-obese men spent 24 hours in a hypobaric chamber. Obese men had worse symptoms of AMS and much lower blood oxygen levels during sleep at si...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for August 2003 (second issue)

HABITUAL SNORING IN CHILDREN ASSOCIATED...WITH POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE ... ...Habitual snoring in third-grade children was associated with poor academic performance on mathematics, science, and spelling in a large study of 1,129 German primary students. According to investigators, the research was the first to show a clear biological relationship between snoring frequency and the risk of poor...

Other highlights in the August 6 issue of JNCI

...Some phytoestrogens--estrogens found in plant foods--consumed at the levels in the typical American-style diet are associated with a reduced risk of endometrial cancer, a new study has found.... ...The development of endometrial cancer is related to prolonged exposure to estrogens without cyclic exposure to progesterone. Phytoestrogens may have antiestrogenic effects. Phytoestrogens are found...

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, August 5, 2003

... A study of 41 workers in a Hong Kong community hospital who were infected with SARS over a period of six weeks in 2003 found that 32 had direct contact with SARS patients (either known or unsuspected); two had contact with co-workers who subsequently developed SARS; three had contact with both patients and co-workers with SARS, and three maintenance workers had no direct patient contact. Hea...

JCI table of contents, 1 August 2003

...... Alzhemier disease (AD) is characterized by the progressive accumulation of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in areas of the brain serving cognitive functions such as memory and language. In 2001, Todd Golde and colleagues demonstrated that three commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were capable of selectively lowering the levels of Abeta42 (an isoform of the Abeta prote...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for August 2003 (first issue)

... ...Criticism of obese individuals is the last socially acceptable form of prejudice in the United States, according to an article in the American Thoracic Society journal on the management of obesity. One study showed that 63 percent of family practice physicians attributed obesity to a lack of will power, and more than one-third described their obese patients as "lazy." Overweight and obe...

July/August 2003 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

... ...The July/August 2003 issue of Annals takes an up-close look at solutions for eliminating health care inequalities in the United States, a central goal of the Department of Health and Human Services' Healthy People 2010 initiative. A cluster of articles examines health care disparities on many levels from the conceptual framework to that of the individual patient experience. Collectively,...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for August (second issue)

ADVERSE EFFECTS OF FETAL EXPOSURE TO MATERNAL SMOKING UNCOVERED IN GENETICALLY SUSCEPTIBLE CHILDREN... ...In a study of 2,950 Southern California 4th, 7th, and 10th grade children, researchers found that the adverse effects of in utero exposure to maternal smoking were associated with asthma and wheezing in a number of young persons, almost exclusively affecting those who had a genetic...suscepti...

Other highlights in the August 7 issue of JNCI

... Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has been associated with metastasis and invasion of human ovarian cancer cells. This enzyme is also expressed in the underlying stromal (nontumor) cells. ...... , Isaiah J. Fidler, D.V.M., Ph.D., and his colleagues at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston found that stromal MMP-9 expression contributes to an...

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for August (first issue)

Smoking cessation associated with ...significantly reduced heart disease ......Smoking cessation was associated with significant reductions in fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular disease and coronary artery disease among participants in the 5-year Lung Health Study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Researchers revealed that smoking among the 5,887 participants, as shown at their annual...

Scientific symposium focuses on nutritional beverages, August 26-28

CHICAGO, August 26 Researchers report increasing insight into the potential health benefits of beverages ranging from tropical fruit juices to soy-based drinks. More than refreshing, such nutritional beverages often deliver antioxidants and other compounds that fight cancer, lower cholesterol and help keep heart disease at bay. ...... While some scientists uncover health-boosting compounds in f...

Science, engineering and technology news tips -- August 2001

MODEL SUGGESTS TREATMENT FOR MAD COW DISEASE... ...Diseases such as mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE), which are caused by faulty proteins called prions, could be treated by adding closely related, noninfectious prions from other species. This sort of therapy could increase the incubation period of the disease well past a human lifetime, according to a theoretical study by...

American Chemical Society spotlights medicine, museums and mileage at Washington Meeting August 20-24

.New findings about a weight-loss nutritional supplement, threats to America's museum treasures and a high-performance gasoline additive that reduces pollution will be presented August 20-24 at the 220th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society with 161,000 members. The meeting will be held in Washington, D.C., at the Washington Convention Center...

Over 6,000 Technical Presentations Will Reveal New Findings At National Chemists' Meeting In Boston, August 23 - 27

.Registration for media representatives is free. You may request registration.and housing forms by phone (202-872-4451) or e-mail ( ). . Boston -- Analysis of endocrine disrupters, environmental issues and.polymers from renewable resources are among the topics that will be discussed.here August 23 through 27 at the 216th national meeting of the American Chemical.Society, the world's larg...
(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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