Tag: "behavior" at medical news
UCSF study offers insight into human circadian rhythms
...inheritance, and made the seminal finding that the behavior
was a single-gene trait. (Nature Medicine, Sept. 1999). In 2000, the team discovered the gene(hPer2) responsible for the condition in one particular family, the first report of a human circadian rhythm gene. (Science, Jan. 12, 2001). The breadth of t...
Primary care office strategies may increase colon cancer screening
...ce systems approach toward improving CRC screening behavior
in real-world primary care practices is feasible and effective enough to warrant considering wider dissemination." (Arch Intern Med. 2005; 165: 661 666. Available post-embargo at www.archinternmed.com .) Editor's Note: This work was supported by a...
Infant vernier acuity is comparable to that of adults
...t. The adult observer watched the infant's looking behavior
via closed-circuit video and judged whether the test stimulus (the modulation of stimulus displacement or contrast) was contained in the right- or left-side stripes. This is an objective measure of how well infants can see a stimulus, and is in commo...
Physicists find patterns within seemingly random events of physiological systems
... molecules so as to better predict the macroscopic behavior
of polymers. Interdisciplinary science research at the Center includes studies of cardiac dynamics, the statistical mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease, and simulations of liquid water....
Virginity pledges do not reduce STD risk: May encourage high risk sexual behavior
...nity pledges may even encourage higher risk sexual behavior
among young adults, say study authors Hannah Brckn...Brckner said, virgin pledger engagement in riskier behavior
may be a factor in higher than expected STD rates. The authors added, "Pledgers who are married hav...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
... outcome. If the outcome or reward is reduced, the behavior
changes as well. However after many repetitions, reward-motivated actions become a matter of habit and essentially continue regardless of the outcome. This week, Faure et al. examine the turning point between actionoutcome and stimulusresponse associ...
Reducing hostility in young coronary artery disease patients is important piece of rehabilitation
...rovements in coronary artery disease risk factors, behavior
characteristics and quality of life, and a nearly 50 percent reduction in the prevalence of hostility symptoms....
Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly
...rpersonal interactions. Vocational and cognitive behavior
therapy effective in treating schizophrenia, pg 35...e first time the use of a vocational and cognitive behavior
therapy (CBT) program to help people with schizophrenia disorders overcome negative beliefs and hold...
Binge drinking can impair both mood and cognitive performance
...es in mood states and executive function can alter behavior
in ways that would promote progression to dependence," he said. "This study can not distinguish between mood and cognitive dysfunction promoting binge drinking or binge drinking inducing dysfunction, however, both might be true." Crews suggested tha...
Alcohol intervention attempted for violent males
...ar, the subjects were assessed for alcohol misuse, behavior
changes, alcohol-related injury, and re-offending (via the UK Police National Crime Database). In was concluded that a brief alcohol intervention applied immediately after sentencing for an alcohol-related violent offence had no effect on alcohol con...
Teen athletes continue tobacco use, despite severe consequences
...tobacco use is a marker for other poor oral health behavior
(e.g., alcohol use) that may increase students' risk of developing oral lesions, and oral health care providers should perform routine oral screenings in this group; and students' attitudes toward tobacco use are affected by their perception of their...
Gender gap for lung cancer rates narrowing
..., this shortening gender gap clearly illustrates a behavior
shift over recent years in women. This study reinforces the need for physicians to focus on women who are susceptible to lung cancer."...
Current daily smoking may be associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts
... and prior suicidal disposition. Rates of suicidal behavior
were also higher in those experiencing depression ...ent smoking is associated with subsequent suicidal behavior
is unclear," the authors conclude. (Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005; 62: 328 334. Available post-embargo...
Study: Two brain systems regulate how we call for help
...ortant brain systems can influence an individual's behavior
and emotional expression in times of need," says Ned Kalin, senior author on the study and chair of psychiatry at UW Medical School. "The findings suggest that how open an individual is willing to be in asking for help may depend more than we thought...
Studies underscore genetic involvement in nicotine addiction & aggressive hostility
...owing body of evidence that the type of aggressive behavior
we think of as psychopathic or sociopathic has som...iduals. This demonstrates that certain aspects of behavior
relate to biological systems, such as neurotransmitter systems."...
School-based smoking prevention programs ineffective
...e programs followed the social influences model of behavior
change. None of the smoking reduction programs reviewed included community or media programs, which have been shown to negatively influence adolescent smoking. There were wide variations in study populations, type and intensity of intervention, and ...
Potential treatment for Fragile X Syndrome demonstrated in fruit fly model
...rug treatments restored memory-dependent courtship behavior
in mutant flies and reversed some of the neuronal structural defects. The group used lithium because it is known to have activities analogous to blocking mGluR-receptor activity, and it is already an FDA-approved drug used to treat other ailments in ...
Other highlights in the March 2 JNCI
... questions whether theoretical models of screening behavior
would predict the surprising finding that subjects who were given a choice between screening methods did not have a higher screening participation rate than subjects who were not given a choice. Contacts: Article: Nereo Segnan, Centro Prevenzione On...
Parents who quit smoking may influence their offspring to quit as young adults
...2th grade, had no impact on their child's quitting behavior
in early adulthood. "We had thought that parents quitting late might serve as a recent model of behavior
that their children could remember and emulate, but our data did not show a significant result for l...
Cellular porthole connects odors to brain
... neuroscience. The researchers plan to study the behavior
of mice without NKCC1 and are now attempting to clone and characterize the chloride transporter to get a better sense of how chloride is required for odor detection....
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