Tag: "estimating" at medical news

New Test May Improve Treatment Of Kidney Disease

...k of reliable clinical or laboratorytechniques for estimating afavorable response to treatment. Although our work is preliminary, furtherrefinement of thistechnique might contribute to improved treatment results." The award-winning article describes how researchers studied 16 patientswith various diseases...

New Radiation Procedure Targets Liver Malignancies

...search, they have developed a detailed formula for estimating the risk of radiation-induced liver disease for individual patients, based on the volume of normal liver tissue that is irradiated along with cancer cells. The strategy works, McGinn says, by carefully targeting the tumor with external beam irradiati...

Impulsive Children More Prone To Injuries

...old, the researchers tested thechildren's skill at estimating their own physical abilities, for example, havingthem predict whether they could reach a toy off of a wooden block beyond theirgrasp. Mothers also provided ratings of their impulsivity and extraversion and ahistory of the children's injuries. Childre...

Job complexity, simplicity linked to substance use

...nvestigators assessed the complexity of the jobsby estimating the training, skills, and abilities necessary to perform them. They report their findings in the current issue of the Journal of Health andSocial Behavior. Among workers with lower cognitive ability, those in more complex jobs used morecigarettes, a...

New study shows prescribing of newer antipsychotic medication risperdal may save millions in schizophrenia care

... world (population 6 billion3) can be derived when estimating that all patients with schizophrenia are switched from olanzapine to Risperdal therapies. "The RODOS results are good news because better treatment for schizophrenia should reduce the burden of illness for patients and their families, as well as the...

Are people with HIV sticking to their medication treatment regimens? New method measures patient adherence

...s found that combining three measurement tools for estimating adherence to drug regimens including an electronic pill bottle cap that provides a dated record gives physicians and researchers a more accurate picture of how faithfully patients stay on their prescribed treatments than ever before. The study, rep...

Costs of family caregiving for elderly with cancer are significant, often forgotten

...stantial and suggests that they be considered when estimating the total costs of cancer treatment for the elderly. Authors hope the research will allow policymakers to better assess the cost and quality tradeoffs among currently available caregiving options for elderly cancer patients undergoing treatment. "We...

Study explores the effect of temperature on mortality

...s developed in this analysis may also be useful in estimating weather-related mortality as a consequence of future climate-change scenarios. Researchers at the School are now applying these methods to a larger number of U.S. cities to improve upon their predictive capability according to professors Jonathan Sam...

Analyses of Violence Against Women Act suggest legislation saved US $14.8 billion

...ort by researchers Mark A. Cohen and Ted R. Miller estimating the costs of specific crimes such as fatal, non-fatal and sexual assaults. While the act cost $15.50 per U.S. woman, the team concluded it saved $159 per U.S. woman in averted costs of criminal victimization. Using minimum possible costs for the vari...

Foods rich in folate may reduce risk of stroke

...o use. Bazzano says a limitation of the study was estimating dietary folate intake based on participants recall of foods they had eaten in a single 24-hour period. "Because of the day-to-day variation in diet it can be harder to find an association using this method; therefore, our findings may underestimate ...

Current colon cancer screening recommendations supported by study of 40-49 year olds

.... We do not have accurate and reliable methods of estimating an individual persons risk. Our findings support the observation that age is a good predictor of risk, said Thomas F. Imperiale, MD, associate professor of medicine at the Indiana University School of Medicine, research scientist at the Regenstrief ...

Insight into how the body tells time

...e published immediately preceding this paper, each estimating the number of genes controlled by the internal clock to be more than 100. Eighteen of the 22 genes identified in this study also were identified by one of the other three studies. However, the majority (84 percent) of the remaining genes identified b...

Risk from breast cancer susceptibility gene may be exaggerated in most studies

...rnal of the National Cancer Institute. Accurately estimating penetrance is important for genetic counseling bec...ers who are disease-free. The current strategy for estimating risk is unbiased only if all carriers share an identical risk of developing the disease, he says. B...

Effect of diet on cancer risk

...ld back progress are the inaccuracy of methods for estimating food and nutrient intake and the biases in case-control studies. The results of existing large prospective studies and controlled trials should substantially advance our understanding of the role of diet in cancer during the next few years. At presen...

Breast cancer gene may be associated with additional cancers

...er, Minn., emphasize the importance of accuracy in estimating cancer risk among mutation carriers because these estimates influence choices regarding screening, chemoprevention, and prophylactic surgery. "Both of these studies provide intriguing new patterns to investigate further, and it is now time for the n...

Equation rivals ultrasound in calculating birth weight

...g simpler, more accurate and cost effective way of estimating birth weight well in advance of delivery."...

New technique lowers CT radiation dose for children

...l studies have reported qualitative techniques for estimating what dose reductions could be made while still maintaining good CT image quality, the new study offers a more exacting measure, according to Dr. Boone. "Our research leveraged the physics of CT along with experimental measurements performed on a CT ...

Nov/Dec 2003 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...ignificant socioeconomic impact of over-screening, estimating that in 2000, 4.6 million women over the age of 70 had mammograms, costing approximately $460 million, and 3.7 million had Pap smears, costing $47 million. They assert that these figures will only grow as the U.S. population ages. Given increase in...

Lack of sun poses danger in our twilight years

... common among the ageing and elderly, with studies estimating that 50 year old women have an almost 60% chance of suffering from an osteoporosis-related fracture in the remainder of their lives. The importance of osteoporosis has been recognized nationally by the listing of musculoskeletal conditions as a natio...

Population surveys - A new 'gold standard' for estimating true incidence of HIV/AIDS?

...HE LANCET suggest that the conventional method for estimating the size of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in high-prevalence countries may be improved by newly available information from household surveys. UNAIDS/WHO estimate (2002 figures) that around 42 million people worldwide are infected with HIV-1, with sub-Saharan...

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