Tag: "nci" at medical news

Geodon effective in psychiatric emergencies; Sharply reduces time in restraints

STONY BROOK, NY, March 30, 2005 ---- A study conducted under real-world, Emergency Department conditions by researchers at Stony Brook University Hospital has found that the injectable form of the second generation antipsychotic Geodon (ziprasidone) effectively calms the most severely agitated patients. The results, published in the current issue of General Hospital Psychiatry, also suggest that...

Other highlights in the March 16 JNCI

...... Differences in breast cancer rates between racial and ethnic garoups can be largely explained by the distribution of risk factors except in African American women, according to a new study....... Women in ethnic and racial minority groups have lower breast cancer incidence than white women. However, among women with breast cancer, African American women are diagnosed at a more advanced st...

Computational tool predicts how drugs work in cells, advancing efforts to design better medicines

(Boston) -- The ability to select and develop compounds that act on specific cellular targets has just gained a computational ally -- a mathematical algorithm that predicts the precise effects a given compound will have on a cell's molecular components or chemical processes. Using this tool, drug developers can design compounds that will act on only desired gene and protein targets, eliciting th...

New data on Orqis Medical's Cancion CRS to be reported at ACC

Lake Forest, Calif. March 7, 2005 Newly analyzed research on Orqis Medical's Cancion CRS cardiac recovery system for treating congestive heart failure will be presented at the Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (ACC), held in Orlando, Florida (March 6-9). ...... The data suggests that patients with acutely decompensated chronic heart failure may benefit from the fi...

Other highlights in the March 2 JNCI

...... Approximately 30% of participants in a randomized trial of various colorectal cancer screening strategies chose to participate in screening regardless of whether they were offered an immunochemical fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, or a choice of the two methods, according to a new study....... It is generally accepted that colorectal cancer screening reduces the incidence of...

Other highlights in the April 7 JNCI

...Aspirin use is not associated with an increase or a decrease in mortality from pancreatic cancer, a new study has found. ......Previous epidemiologic studies have reported mixed and limited results regarding a possible association between aspirin use and pancreatic cancer risk. Eric J. Jacobs, Ph.D., of the American Cancer Society, and colleagues examined self-reported aspirin use in a cohort...

Major NCI study finds increased risk of cancer in long-term Hodgkins survivors

An international study of more than 32,000 Hodgkin's disease patients has shown that long-term survivors of the disease have double the normal risk of developing a subsequent cancer later in life. Researchers led by the National Cancer Institute measured the risk of these "second cancers" among Hodgkin's disease survivors using data from cancer registries in the U.S., Canada, and four Nordic cou...

Other highlights in the October 15 issue of JNCI

...A new study confirms previous findings that hair color, number of moles on the legs, and history of sunburn are risk factors for malignant melanoma. The study also found that the use of sunbeds and other tanning devices is associated with an increased risk of the disease. Marit Veierd, Ph.D., of the University of Oslo in Norway, and colleagues surveyed 106,379 Norwegian and Swedish women betw...

Other highlights in the November 5 issue of JNCI

...Factory workers who are routinely exposed to the industrial chemical formaldehyde may have an increased risk of leukemia and lung cancer, according to two large studies that followed U.S. and British factory workers for an extended period of time. ...Formaldehyde is used extensively in the production of common items including photographic film, plywood, and wrinkle-free clothing. It is also...

Study Finds Incidence Of Stroke Over 40 Percent Higher Than Previously Stated Figures

.CONTACT: .Brian Henry or Trish Moreis . AHA News Media Relations . Omni Rosen Hotel . (407) 370-6151 . NR 98-4855 (Stroke/Broderick). ORLANDO, Feb. 6 -- The number of Americans afflicted with a stroke each.year is estimated to be about 500,000 -- but that number is too low, according.to a report in today's Stroke: A Journal of the Americ...

Penn joins major NCI research initiative to advance breast cancer therapies

(Philadelphia, PA) - The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine was recently selected to become a member of the National Cancer Institute's Mouse Models of Human Cancers Consortium (MMHCC). The MMHCC was established in 1999 to design and characterize mouse models that more accurately reflect the way that human cancers develop and respond to therapy. The research groups comprising the MMHCC...

Other highlights in the February 2 JNCI

...... Despite some improvement since 1988, the majority of patients with colorectal cancer in 2001 received inadequate lymph node evaluation to see if their cancer had spread, according to a new study....... Lymph node status is the strongest predictor of outcome for colorectal cancer patients. Only 40% of patients with lymph node metastases will survive for 5 years after diagnosis compared wit...

Balancing care decisions for gravely ill patients

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers studying gravely ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients found that unrealistic family expectations resulted in the increased use of health care resources without a significant improvement in survival rate among these patients.... ...The February Mayo Clinic Proceedings study is important for patients who have a high likelihood of death in a hospital. Ea...

UCSD-Salk team show protein's gene-silencing role in development of nervous system

...The first evidence that a group of proteins called phosphatases play a key role in the development of the nervous system, has been shown in fruit flies and mice by researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine, in collaboration with scientists at the Salk Institute, La Jolla, California. The phosphatases are required for maintenance of neural stem cells and...

Other highlights in the January 19 JNCI

...... Adding more types of human papillomavirus to the current HPV DNA test would detect relatively few additional cases of cervical cancer but would result in thousands of additional women without cancer receiving unnecessary cervical exams, according to a new study....... The use of HPV testing in the detection and prevention of cervical cancer is increasing. The U.S. Food and Drug Administra...

Orqis receives FDA approval to expand clinical trial of Cancion CRS therapy to 40 centers

Orqis Medical Corp. today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved an expansion of the Cancion CRS ...The Cancion CRS therapy is a percutaneous cardiac recovery system being studied for its ability to create a "rest-to-recovery" environment for congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. Enrollment in the Multicenter trial of the Orqis Medical CRS for the ENhanced Treatment...

The Lancet calls for creation of Int'l Commission on Global Responses to Complex Emergencies

This release is also available in <a href="http://www.eurekalert.org/staticrel.php?view=LancetIKz...">German. ...The international community is failing to coordinate and strategically plan aid for the tsunami-struck regions of south Asia, comments this week's editorial in THE LANCET....... The devastation wreaked by the south-Asian tsunami has kick-started an unprecedented global response and le...

Mayo Clinic Cancer Center receives SPORE grant for brain cancer research from NCI

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic Cancer Center has received a Specialized Programs of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) for brain cancer research....... The SPORE grant will provide $10.8 million to Mayo Clinic to support research geared toward significantly reducing brain cancer deaths and disabilities. Mayo Clinic neurologist Brian O'Neill, M.D., is the o...

Study suggests obesity has lesser financial impact on African-Americans

BOSTON Obesity may impose a smaller healthcare cost on African-Americans than other demographic groups, according to a study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) that found spending on obesity-related problems becomes progressively higher as adults grow older....... The study published in the January 2005 issue of the Journal of American Public Health is among the f...

Other highlights in the December 15 JNCI

The accuracy of mammographic interpretation can vary widely, but the source of the variability has not been explained. To investigate the relationship between radiologists' characteristics and actual performance, William E. Barlow, Ph.D., of Cancer Research and Biostatistics in Seattle, and colleagues surveyed 124 radiologists and tracked cancer outcomes from the more than 460,000 screening mamm...

European study highlights persistent 3 decade increase in childhood cancer incidence

This release is also available in <a href="http://www.eurekalert.org/staticrel.php?view=LancetSZd...">German. Research from 19 European countries in this week's issue of THE LANCET documents how childhood cancer, while still rare, has been slowly increasing over the past 3 decades....... ...Cancer is rare before age 20 years. Eva Steliarova-Foucher (International Agency for Research on Cancer, L...

Dairy Council of California program receives high marks from teachers & students

Sacramento, CA December 1, 2004 Healthy Choices, Healthy Me!, a first and second grade nutrition education program that reinforces language arts and math while teaching health in an innovative way, has received exceptionally positive marks in a formative evaluation by WestEd. Developed by the Dairy Council of California, the program is available free of charge to all teachers in California.......

Higher incidence of rejection following early steroid withdrawal

A new study on early steroid withdrawal following liver transplantation found that there was a higher incidence of rejection and a lower incidence of glucose intolerance necessitating treatment for diabetes. It was the first double-blind placebo-controlled study to examine the effects of early steroid elimination.... ...The results of this study appear in the December 2004 issue of Liver Transpla...

Other highlights in the December 1 JNCI

...... A new study of pesticide applicators has found that exposure to the pesticide chlorpyrifos may be associated with an increased incidence of lung cancer but concludes that more studies are needed....... About 8 to 10 million pounds of the insecticide chlorpyrifos were used in the U.S. agricultural sector in 1999. The chemical is found in approximately 800 products, which are used for a var...

Study finds continued reduction in breast cancer incidence associated with longer use of raloxifene

Raloxifene (Evista) continues to be associated with more than a 50% reduction in breast cancer incidence beyond the first 4 years of treatment, according to a new study in the December 1 issue of the ...... The randomized, double-blind Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial found that, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, 4 years of treatment with raloxifene was associated...

Antioxidant supplementation may reduce incidence of cancer in men

CHICAGO Low-dose antioxidant supplementation may reduce the risk of cancer among men, but not in women, according to an article in the November 22 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.... ...According to the article, antioxidants including beta carotene, ascorbic acid, vitamin E, selenium, and zinc may prevent some of the harmful effects caused by free ra...

NCI scientists create model that predicts follicular lymphoma survival

Scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, have created a model that predicts the survival of follicular lymphoma patients based on the molecular characteristics of their tumors at diagnosis. The model is based on two sets of genes--called survival-associated signatures--whose activity was found to be associated with good or poor prognosis for p...

Some hospitals face financial upheaval under new NHS payment system

Some hospitals will face sizeable changes to their incomes under a new NHS payment system, say researchers at Dr Foster in this week's BMJ....... The "payment by results" system is essentially a way of paying health care providers a fixed price for each individual case treated. Under the new system, providers are paid for the actual activity that they undertake, instead of being commissioned thro...

NIAID launches influenza genome sequencing project

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced a joint influenza genome sequencing project with several scientific partners. The project will help researchers understand how flu viruses evolve, spread and cause disease. According to its leaders, it has the potential to minimize the impact of annual flu outbreaks...

Lessons learned from complex emergencies

This release is also available in <a href="http://www.eurekalert.org/staticrel.php?view=LancetLak...">German. The first of a series of articles looking at public health in complex emergencies (such as famine, population movement arising from civil conflicts and associated health problems) is published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. Authors of the first article conclude that, while many less...

St. Jude scientist to lead NCI Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program

The National Cancer Institute has announced the establishment of the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP), a program that will systematically test 10-15 agents or combinations of agents annually in preclinical models of common childhood cancers. ...The PPTP is supported through an NCI research contract to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital with St. Jude Molecular Pharmacology Chair, Pe...

Gene-silencing technique offers new way to fight drug-resistant leukemia

(Philadelphia, PA) Ever since the approval of Gleevec in 2001, a cancer-cell-specific drug used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), the field of cancer therapeutics has been rushing full speed into the era of so-called "targeted" medicines. The challenge of developing these medicines, which spare normal cells because they are designed to kill only cancer cells, has been complicated by t...

Biopharmaceutical manufacturing efficiencies signal reduced healthcare costs

October 13, 2004 (Washington, DC) Cost reductions associated with advances in large-scale biopharmaceutical manufacturing will play a role in reducing healthcare costs, according to a new industry joint publication by ASM Press, the book publishing division of the American Society for Microbiology, and BioPlan Associates. Advances in Large-Scale Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing and Scale-up Prod...

Congress of Neuological Surgeons meets in San Francisco

Breakthroughs in the treatment of pain and traumatic brain injury, pioneering techniques in brain stimulation for epilepsy and stroke patients and the latest information about the use of robots in neurosurgery are among the highlights of the 54th annual meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The conference will feature dozens of seminars and courses led by world leaders in neurosurger...

Sealing corneal incisions with a drop of chemistry, BU researchers develop gel for cataract surgery

(Boston) -- By introducing just the right biocompatible molecules to one another, a research team led by Mark Grinstaff, an associate professor of biomedical engineering and of chemistry at Boston University, has produced an elastic, transparent gel that sets so fast and adheres so surely to the eye's surface that it could soon become the first and best choice for sealing corneal incisions. .......

Other highlights in the September 15 JNCI

...... A new study of atrazine exposure among pesticide applicators has found no clear association with an increased risk of cancer....... In the United States, more than 76 million pounds of the herbicide atrazine are used annually, applied primarily to corn and soybean crops. The pesticide has been detected in surface water surveys in the Midwest and in national surveys of drinking water wells...

Handwashing program decreases incidence of diarrhea among children in Pakistan

An intensive program of handwashing education and promotion in Pakistan decreased the incidence of diarrhea by more than 50 percent among children, according to a study in the June 2 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), a theme issue on Global Health. ......Stephen P. Luby, M.D., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, presented the findings of t...

Ganciclovir (Valcyte/Cymevene) reduces risk of cancer in kidney transplant patients

- Data presented at the American Transplant Congress (ATC) annual meeting show that the gold standard CMV antiviral ganciclovir (Valcyte/Cymevene) has been proven to reduce the risk of cancer1 and organ rejection2 in kidney transplant patients. ... ...Ganciclovir, the active antiviral agent in Roches Valcyte and Cymevene drugs, is used to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease, a potentially fat...

Financially burdened patients more likely to die after coronary revascularization

WASHINGTON, D.C., May 16 Heart patients who had angioplasty or bypass surgery and felt burdened by medical costs were more than twice as likely to die within a year of their procedure as patients who didn't have trouble paying for healthcare, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's 5th annual Scientific Forum on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovasc...

Vaccine reduces racial disparity in incidence of childhood pneumonia and meningitis

A vaccine that was distributed beginning in 2000 has reduced the incidence of childhood pneumonia and meningitis and has helped to decrease the excess incidence among black Americans, according to a study in the May 12 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).... ..."Historically, blacks in the United States have higher incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (i.e., pneu...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014) The phrase "we caught it early" is possibly ... midst of a cancer diagnosis. Combating cancer in its ... certain part of the body, gives patients the best ... colon, prostate and other forms of cancer are touted ... providers recommend cancer screenings as a precautionary measure, especially ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Orange, NJ. July 30, 2014. A new network of ... NIH Stroke Trials Network (NIH StrokeNet) is working ... the U.S. Despite advances of the last two ... year, stroke causes death or disability for 795,000 Americans. ... aging of the population. , To accelerate the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 The Technology Association ... Alliance of TAG (B&TA), today issued its final call ... Awards. , Interested companies have until August 29th 2014 ... Semi-Finalists will be selected by the Excalibur Judging Committee. ... meet with the judges for interviewing process. , ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 Over 630 doctors worldwide are ... the revolutionary minimally invasive treatment for gum recession. Santa ... of his peers to be the “father of microsurgery” ... recent Chao Pinhole Surgical Technique® training course at the ... the recipient of the American Academy of Periodontics (AAP) ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... York (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 As ... http://www.injurybeacon.com/power-morcellator/ ) in gynecological surgeries continues to grow, Bernstein ... voice to those calling for a ban on uterine ... Debra Valverde was diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma following a hysterectomy ... a year of her diagnosis, the aggressive cancer had ...
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