Tag: "prevalence" at medical news
Rape Victims Find Relief From Posttraumatic Stress Using The Antidepressant Zoloft.
... high percentage develop chronic PTSD. Thelifetime prevalence
of PTSD has been estimated to be 12 percent of women inthe general population." Dr. Rothbaum has begun to recruit patients with PTSD from any cause for acontrolled clinical trial of Zoloft treatment. Interested persons may call404-727-8968. For more ...
TB Prophylaxis Unnecessary In HIV-Infected People With Anergy, Study Suggests
...ss persons and those whoinject drugs, in which the prevalence
of TB infection is at least 10 percent. To determine the effectiveness of INH prophylaxis in this population,investigators in NIAID's Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research onAIDS (CPCRA) divided more than 500 high-risk HIV-infected peo...
Need For HIV Guidelines For Health Workers In Developing Countries
...in the developing world. The authors note that the prevalence
of HIV infection among patients that are cared for is very high in some poorer countries and that such regions tend to lack the resources to implement adequate precautions to prevent transmission as well has having a lack of equipment and facilities....
Baby Milk Manufacturers Are Breaking The Rules
...onal code of marketing of breast milk substitutes: prevalence
in four countries) In a paper published in this week's BMJ, Anna Taylor, on behalf of the Interagency Group on Breastfeeding Monitoring, reveals that baby milk manufacturers are breaking the international code of marketing breast milk substitutes,...
Emerging Pathogens And Safety Of Fresh Produce Key Issues Facing Food IndustryAnd Scientists
CHICAGO--Pathogens of emerging concern, the prevalence
of microbial contaminationin fresh produce, and wa...ed as an emerging strain in the UnitedStates. The prevalence
of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens will bepresented along with ways to limit their public health i...
Cost-Effective Treatment Possible In Africa For HIV-Positive Pregnant Women If Drug Prices Lowered
...-such as a short-course of drug therapy and a high prevalence
ofHIV-positive women of child-bearing age--but dru..., and Tanzania among others--areHIV positive. The prevalence
of infection among child-bearing-age women exceeds30 percent in many urban areas and 14 percent in r...
Unhealthy Lifestyles Not Primary Cause Of High Mortality Rates
...e more than twice as likely to die. The increased prevalence
of health risk behaviors, however, did not explain the higher rate of age-adjusted mortality among those with lower incomes. "After taking baseline health status and personal health behaviors into account, we found that people with lower incomes sti...
Study Reveals Possible Clue For Racial Differences In Prevalence Of High Blood Pressure
...chemical may help explain racialdifferences in the prevalence
of high blood pressure, according to a report inthis month's Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association. In a study of blood flow in people during mentally stressful conditions, JulioA. Panza, M.D., and researchers at the National Heart,...
New Report Demonstrates That Following Guidelines Improves Clinical Practices, Reduces Liability Costs
...es oxygen levels in the blood. With the increasing prevalence
of the newer intravenous (IV) conscious sedationtechnique used across clinical settings, MMI began aggressively encouraging theuse of pulse oximetry with this type of anesthesia across all settings. Over athree-year period, from 1994 through 1996, t...
International Panel Evaluates Testing For Drug Resistance In HIV
... epidemiological studies are needed to monitor the prevalence
ofcertain resistant strains in particular groups of people or geographic areas. Pretreatment screening for drug resistance may be most useful for groups amongwhom resistant strains are more prevalent. "A lot of people are doing resistance testing--...
UCSF Study Finds Drug Treatment Can Be Cost Effective In Tanzania And Thailand
For HIV-Positive Pregnant Women
...ngs. The settings were rural Tanzania with an HIV prevalence
rate among pregnantwomen of 15 percent, an urban a... Cost effectiveness declines rapidly when the HIV prevalence
rate is below 7percent. In Tanzania and in the high prevalence
areas of Thailand, the relative cost...
Understanding Why Antibiotics May Be Over-prescribed For Patients With Sore Throats
...cern as it has been correlated with the increasing prevalence
of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In this week's BMJ, Dr Christopher Butler and colleagues from the University of Wales College of Medicine report the findings of a survey which illustrates some of the cultural reasons why doctors prescribe antibioti...
UCSF Study Shows For The First Time That A Drug May Reduce Risk Of Hip Fractures
By More Than Half In Women Who Have Never Had A Spine Fracture
....7 times and painful spine fractures 8.6times. The prevalence
of "silent" spine fractures, defined as those that increase awoman's risk of subsequent fractures but are only detected by X-ray, increasedthe incidence of future hospitalization by 29 percent and the risk of death byover one and a half times. These...
Reduced Heart Disease Risk In Middle Age Lowers Eventual Medicare Costs
...ialinfluence on risk, but also because of the high prevalence
of these traits inthe adult population and the fact that they can be prevented and controlled --with a great effect on risk, longevity and health care costs. Based on the HCFA data on costs of inpatient and outpatient services,average annual...
Lifetime Risks And Costs Of Heart Disease Much Higher For Obese
...e," says Thompson. "Clearly, efforts toreduce the prevalence
of obesity can have important benefits in terms ofreduction in the risks and costs of coronary heart disease." The American Heart Association recently designated obesity as a major modifiablerisk factor for heart disease. While health-care expenditu...
Despite Progress, More Action Needed To Protect Medical Students From Exposure
To Disease Through Accidental Needlesticks, UCSF Study Finds
...CSF has taken a leadership role in identifying the prevalence
of possibleexposures and will continue to work with faculty members in the departments withthe greatest risk to develop better methods of training and prevention,"Papadakis said. Julie L. Gerberding, MD, formerly a UCSF assistant professor of medicin...
Medical Students Are Taking Risks With HIV During Elective Studies
...ective studies in countries with a relatively high prevalence
of blood borne viruses, such as HIV. Medical stude... of those who visited areas with a relatively high prevalence
of HIV were unaware of this, all of whom had visited areas other than sub-Saharan Africa. It would ...
An Ergonomically Redesigned Analgesia Delivery Device Proves Safer And More Efficient
...g device safety. Motivated by this finding and the prevalence
of human error in medical accidents in general, this study has demonstrated that adopting a human factors approach to the design of a PCA pump can lead to improved safety, efficiency, and ease of use. As far as we know, this is the only published stu...
Evidence For A Heart Failure Epidemic Released
...the study. According to McCullough, the increasing prevalence
is due to improved diagnosticand treatment therapies. People are living longer than ever with heart failure.This translates into an increasing need for specially trained heart failureexperts within the field of internal medicine. "Often times when pe...
Heart Valve Abnormalities Examined In Relation To Duration Of Diet Drug Use
... infen/phen, the research team determined that the prevalence
of this valve problemwas related to the duration o... no significant difference in the prevalence
of regurgitationin the mitral valve between the two groups. Mitral valve regurgitation was notedin 2...
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