Tag: "ability" at medical news
The trust game: Measuring social interaction
...nderstanding diseases such as autism in which the ability
to form models of the actions of other people is impaired. Or it might help in the understanding of maladies such as schizophrenia....
New study in 'Nature' demonstrates protection against cell death during heart attack
...s deleted from the mitochondria, however, a cell's ability
to die is blocked, according to Dr. Molkentin. "When a person comes to a hospital and it's realized that he or she is having a heart attack or stroke, one of the first things done is to re-establish blood flow," says Dr. Molkentin. "At this point, c...
International breast cancer prevention study launches in the United States and Canada
...xamine the potential benefit of exemestane and its ability
to prevent breast cancer in women who are at increased risk for the disease. Exemestane part of a class of drugs called aromatase inhibitors suppresses estrogen production, a key component in the development of some types of breast cancer. Exemes...
Hausman to give keynote address at 'Breastfeeding, Motherhood and Feminism' symposium
... health and well being at the same time. A woman's ability
and willingness to breastfeed is strongly related to the social and labor structures of which she is a part. If it is not possible to incorporate the practice into her daily schedule, she will probably not do it. Recent national data show that most w...
Brain activity prior to treatment flags vulnerability to antidepressant side effects
...ellow at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute. "The ability
to identify individuals who are at greatest risk of side effects would greatly improve the success rate of antidepressant treatment," Hunter said. "For example, physicians might select a medication with a lower side-effect profile, start medication a...
Pitt marks 50th anniversary of its Salk polio vaccine with reunion, scientific symposium
... ventilator known as an iron lung, robbed of their ability
to breathe on their own. Others escaped on crutches, crippled but not paralyzed. Panic was pandemic. It is almost impossible to exaggerate the terror that polio caused at the time. The initial breakthrough that led to the eventual eradication of pol...
Economist: Cuba's state-run baseball doesn't go to bat for players
...e a less-balanced 2.08. In both countries, teams' ability
to draw talent stems from their home base. Cuban p..., the result is imbalance among the teams in their ability
to win games." Balance in Cuban baseball did improve in the last decade, Baird found, as top stars ...
Fat may promote inflammation, new study suggests
...ecrosis factor alpha, were associated with a lower ability
to respond to insulin and use glucose. On the othe...tein adiponectin were associated with an increased ability
to use glucose. Eight women who were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome and had multiple risk factor...
Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence, UCLA study finds
...ncidents. Harassment at school interferes with the ability
to learn, Nishina said. "This pattern of being bullied is associated with increased rates of absenteeism from school, lower grades and feeling sick," Nishina said. "The more bullying they experience, the more they dislike school and want to avoid sch...
Optical technique identifies vulnerable plaques in cardiac patients
...vision and lead author of the current study. "The ability
to identify dangerous plaques before they rupture and produce a heart attack or sudden cardiac death will be crucial to innovative preventive therapies." Plaques are deposits of fats, cholesterol and other materials that collect in major arteries, r...
Some brain cells 'change channels' to fine-tune the message
... specific brain cells to "change channels," a rare ability
that tweaks what can come into the cell. The findi...otor skills. Although the cells' channel-changing ability
has been recognized for a few years, the key players controlling it hadn't been identified. Now, by ...
Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
...lood pressure rise, it may also reduce the heart's ability
to relax and fill with blood, researchers says. If...th pressure returning to normal because of reduced ability
to eliminate sodium. Dr. Kapuku wants to know if this impaired ability
to regulate sodium also incre...
Hopkins begins human trials with donor adult stem cells to repair muscle damaged from heart attack
...uscle scarred by the infarct and gauge the organ's ability
to pump, will be conducted at the beginning and end of the study as a measure of heart function. Conclusive results will only be available when and if Phase II and Phase III clinical trials proceed. The Hopkins team expects that after injection, t...
NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk
...gnancy and smoking levels, and physicans' improved ability
to successfully deliver high-risk pregnancies that might otherwise have ended in miscarriage. It has been estimated that hospital-related costs for each preterm delivery were about $75,000 in 2002 representing a total cost of approximately $36 billi...
RIT takes eye-tracking research to next level
...The system we've developed at RIT is unique in its ability
to automatically monitor even complex tasks in a large range of environments," Pelz says. "We can study students in a classroom or people finding their way in the woods." The wearable eye tracker extends the laboratory to the real world by recordin...
NIAID initiates trial of experimental avian flu vaccine
...s Phase I trial will test the vaccine's safety and ability
to generate an immune response in 450 healthy adults aged 18 to 64. If the vaccine is shown to be safe in adults, there are plans to test it in other populations, such as the elderly and children. H5N1 avian influenza leads to severe disease in both ...
UNH launches 2nd spinout company with NIH grants
...s the value of basic research at UNH, both for our ability
to improve the human condition and to support economic development." When inhaled by patients, polarized xenon allows MRI to produce a clear picture of the lungs' interior, which cannot be seen with conventional techniques. It could benefit millions...
Kandel pays tribute to Hubel's and Wiesel's 25-year partnership and work in neurobiology & vision
...obsessed on a single line of research: the brain's ability
to see? The answer: A 1981 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for groundbreaking research that transformed an entire branch of neurobiology and made lasting contributions to the field of neuroscience. Thanks to Hubel and Wiesel, scientists now...
Infant vernier acuity is comparable to that of adults
...acement between them and measuring an individual's ability
to gauge the displacement between the stripes. An...ould be compared. The benchmark they chose was the ability
to see small differences in contrast. Adults (ages 20 to 48) were tested 6.096 meters (20 feet) from...
Flu pandemic coming, US not prepared
... is the time to fix these problems and develop the ability
to respond, before the pandemic strikes." IDSA has outlined seven steps to prepare for a flu pandemic. The first four recommendations should be applied immediately. The last three are longer-term: Secure vaccine and antiviral supplies. Enough vacc...
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