Tag: "ability" at medical news
Schepens scientists regenerate optic nerve for the first time
...als, including human beings, CNS nerves lose their ability
to regenerate after injury at the point in their d...ly formed. For example, the optic nerve loses this ability
shortly before birth. So for those afflicted by glaucoma, which destroys the optic nerve through exc...
When the brain, not the ears, goes hard of hearing
...feedback" problem in the brain that diminishes our ability
to hear. This week at the annual meeting of the As...s that play a role in the aging brain's plummeting ability
to organize the information our ears record. "Traditionally, scientists studying hearing problems s...
Researcher explores ways to make hypnosis a more effective therapeutic technique
...itute of Mental Health, explores the idea that the ability
to respond to hypnotic suggestions "can be changed...notic response in a new study of "mindfulness"-the ability
to stay non-judgmentally aware of one's fluctuating thoughts and feelings. "Many psychotherapies are...
Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory
...ed hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the laboratory. The ability
to replicate HCV in cell culture will allow researchers to better study the life cycle and biology of this virus and to test potential antiviral compounds, which may lead to new therapies for the liver disease that results from infection with HCV. S...
Diagnosis of prions in patients should utilize novel strategy, team says
... the autopsy.) In the study, the team compared the ability
of the CDI and the two traditional diagnostic techniques to detect prions in various brain samples from 28 patients diagnosed on autopsy as having one of several human forms of the disease -- sporadic, familial or iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease...
UCLA neuroscientists pinpoint new function for mirror neurons
...hese neurons, helping these patients improve their ability
to understand the intentions of others and empathize with their thoughts and feelings. "Understanding the intentions of others while watching their action is a fundamental building block of social behavior," said principal investigator Dr. Marco Iaco...
Computer model being developed at Stanford may help surgeons better predict patient outcomes
...tic response of blood vessels adds more predictive ability
to earlier versions of his simulation, which assumed rigid vessel walls for simplicity. "The physics of blood flow is so complicated that it is impossible to guess what will happen during a surgery," Taylor said. Medical professionals now have access...
Study: Young adults can be motivated to eat fruits, veggies
...ived the tailored intervention progressed in their ability
to eat five or more servings of fruit and vegetables a day, while no such progress was made in the group that got only standard information," she says. Nutritional information for young adults must be brief and practical, Nitzke notes. In addition, h...
Lack of specific collagen type leads to osteoarthritis
...he lack of type VI collagen negatively impacts the ability
of the cartilage to respond properly to the mechanical stresses and pressures on the joint." The experiments would not have been possible without the custom-built "microaspirator," which could extract individual, intact chondrons. Other methods of is...
Regular cannabis may increase risk of stroke in young users
... with three or four drinks at a party. He lost his ability
to speak, which was followed, a few hours later, b...nother bout of cannabis smoking, he again lost his ability
to talk and experienced weakness on one side of his body (hemiparesis). A brain scan revealed a furt...
Air pollution thickens the blood
...r findings suggest that particulate matter has the ability
to alter cell function so that it promotes thickening or coagulation of the blood. And they point to a potential synergy between the factors that boost inflammation and blood thickening. Ultrafine particles of inhaled particulate matter can enter the...
USC dental researchers develop first test for predicting cavities in children
...urfaces. The effect of sugar chains on the tooth's ability
to resist disease is analogous to the effect of "good" and "bad" cholesterol on blood vessels. "Good" sugar chains tend to repel the bacteria that cause cavities, while "bad" sugar chains allow the bacteria to bond to a tooth and start the decay proc...
Gene signature can predict breast cancer spread
...hese patients receive additional chemotherapy. The ability
to identify patients who have a favourable prognosis could allow clinicians to avoid unnecessary treatment or choose less aggressive therapies for patients. John Foekens and colleagues (Erasmus MC Rotterdam, Netherlands) and colleagues, looked at pat...
Young blood revives aging muscles, Stanford researchers find
... may be able to reactivate the regenerative cell's ability
to repair tissue that has been damaged....
'EuroVacc 02' HIV vaccine trial begins in February 2005
...e combination of the vaccines, in particular their ability
to generate HIV-specific cell-mediated immune response to HIV, which is considered to be a key determinant of protection against infection. According to the principal clinical investigators Prof. Giuseppe Pantaleo of CHUV in Lausanne and Prof. Jonath...
Changing chemistry helps explain estrogen threat to the heart
...ause. Hormone replacement therapy, touted for its ability
to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in postmenopausal women, appears to increase the risk of those conditions, according to findings of the Women's Health Initiative, a 15-year study of more than 161,000 women by the National Institute of H...
Prestigious 2004 AAAS Philip Hauge Abelson Prize honors Maxine Singer
...gene therapy, would "bring closer the day when the ability
to manipulate genetic material can be used for improving the life of all humans." In 1973, Singer co-chaired a Gordon conference, where she focused on helping to address early concerns about potential risks of recombinant DNA technology. She was then...
New test improves detection of bladder cancer
...n of bladder cancer. The researchers compared the ability
of this test to detect cancer with that of urine cytology (cells), which must be analyzed in a clinical laboratory. The study included 23 academic, private practice, and veterans' facilities in 10 states which enrolled 1,331 patients at elevated ris...
Alcohol's damaging effects on adolescent brain function
...cohol, however, can disrupt the adolescent brain's ability
to learn life skills. So, not only can heavy drin...cohol Use Disorder (AUD), resulting in a decreased ability
in problem solving, verbal and non-verbal retrieval, visuospatial skills, and working memory. "AUD i...
Clot-busting drugs may help detect potentially deadly leg clots
... the standard d-dimer test. How can we improve the ability
of the d-dimer test to detect clots in these groups? The answer may be to add a miniscule dose of tPA so that it would break down a small amount of the clot," says Dr. Robinson. "There is also a group of patients who are false positive. I had one in ...
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