Tag: "abstinence" at medical news
Alcohol relapse adversely affects 10-year liver transplant survival
...s common practice to establish a 6 month period of abstinence
from alcohol before listing a patient for liver tr...ransplantation was undertaken, a 6-month period of abstinence
from alcohol was required. Patients were all given the same immunosuppressive regimen, consisting of...
HIV and ID doctors oppose ideologically driven STI prevention policies
...ot ideology. Federal funding for programs teaching abstinence
until marriage as the only way to avoid STIs has b...policies, including evidence that federally funded abstinence
programs promote misinformation about condoms and sexual risks, the Center for Disease Control and P...
Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says
...s where a full benefit was compared to no benefit, abstinence
rates among smokers rose 2 percentage points, Kaper says. "In this economically minded time, determining the effectiveness of an intervention is no longer enough to justify its use," Kaper says. "As health care costs increase and resources are limite...
Marijuana use affects blood flow in brain even after abstinence
...at the beginning of the study and after a month of abstinence
from marijuana use. The marijuana users also had higher values on the pulsatility index (PI), which measures the amount of resistance to blood flow. This is thought to be due to narrowing of the blood vessels that occurs when the circulation system's...
Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use
... Ibogaine reduced binge drinking after a period of abstinence
was an exciting finding for us because this is the type of behavior in alcoholics for which very few effective drugs exist," Janak said. The scientists confirmed in a cell model that Ibogaine stimulated GDNF activity. Finally, they showed that a know...
First new treatment for alcoholism in ten years, now available Campral(R) (acamprosate calcium)
...tion (FDA) on July 29, 2004 for the maintenance of abstinence
from alcohol in patients with alcohol dependence w...ism of action of Campral in maintenance of alcohol abstinence
is not completely understood. Chronic alcohol exposure is hypothesized to alter the normal balance b...
Penn study may lead the way for first medication to treat cocaine addiction
...rial, researchers found Modafinil promoted cocaine abstinence
in treatment-seeking outpatients. Modafinil was also shown to blunt cocaine-induced euphoria in a prior study conducted by the same research group, perhaps explaining its clinical advantage. "If confirmed by further investigation, this could be the...
Free nicotine patches increase short-term smoking quit rates
...in Washington County. They compared quit rates and abstinence
from smoking before and after free nicotine patches were offered to smokers who participated in the "Stop Smoking for Life" program. During the program, study participants received six weeks of patches and four weeks of group counseling, free of char...
Nerve damage from alcoholism reversed after liver transplantation
...tion continued to deteriorate after nine months of abstinence
from alcohol, he was evaluated for a liver transplant. At this point, his neuropathy had progressed to the point where he could not rise from a chair without using his arms and had considerable difficulty climbing stairs. Liver transplants are usuall...
Important priorities for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS
...or the various populations at risk: an emphasis on abstinence
for young people not yet sexually active, the importance of fidelity and consistent condom use for people already sexually active; and programmes and policies aimed at reducing the number of sexual partners and promoting correct and consistent condom...
New brain cells develop during alcohol abstinence, UNC study shows
...ime - a burst in new brain cell development during abstinence
from chronic alcohol consumption. The UNC findings... dividing cells decreases," said Nixon. "And after abstinence
for one week, we saw a huge burst in the number of new cells being born." Nixon said the findings we...
Yale to study marijuana, ecstasy and teen cognitive deficits
... participants, also will examine whether sustained abstinence
from drug use leads to recovery of cognitive funct... is recovery of cognitive function after sustained abstinence
in this population." The study will compare subjects with and without a history of drug use by cogn...
Smoking affects same 'feel good' brain chemical system as heroin
...r baseline conditions, for example after overnight abstinence
from smoking," says Scott. "We are specifically examining this possibility in ongoing studies." During the smoking of the de-nicotinized cigarettes, the smokers' brains started to show changes in opioid flow. But after they took a 20-minute break fro...
Mayo Clinic finds ketogenic diet may be started as an outpt treatment for children with epilepsy
... a man suffering from epilepsy completely cured by abstinence
from food and drink. The ketogenic diet, which is very high in fats and low in carbohydrates, was first developed almost 80 years ago. It makes the body burn fat for energy instead of glucose. The diet mimics the effects of starvation. When carefully...
Binge drinking: red wine and alcohol have different effects on platelets
... link between moderate alcohol consumption, versus abstinence
or heavy consumption, and decreased mortality from cardiovascular disease. Conversely, the rapid consumption of large amounts of alcohol within a short period of time also known as binge drinking is associated with increased mortality from all cau...
Certain components of the brain's 'executive functions' are compromised early in abstinence
...nd it might be that adolescent alcoholics in early abstinence
may have an even different pattern of executive-function deficits....
Topiramate: a potential new medication for treating alcoholism
...inking and craving for alcohol, but also improving abstinence
and lifestyle." "Alcohol-drinking behavior is complex, involving many neurotransmitter systems," added Raye Z. Litten, co-leader of the Medications Development Team at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Dr. Johnson has postulat...
Naltrexone injections for alcohol dependence: once-a-month treatment helps maintain sobriety
...er drinking days and a greater likelihood of total abstinence
during the three-month study than individuals who ...er drinking days and a greater likelihood of total abstinence
during the three-month study period. "Naltrexone has not been prescribed widely," explained Henry...
College students mandated to take alcohol interventions: what works
...reduction exists on a continuum that begins with abstinence
and ranges to practices that minimize the likelihood of negative consequences, such as moderating consumption and using designated drivers. Obviously, the most effective way to avoid negative consequences is not to drink. However, despite the minim...
CellCept(R) registry data demonstrated superior long-term organ transplant outcomes
...f contraception must be used simultaneously unless abstinence
is the chosen method. If pregnancy occurs during treatment, the physician and patient should discuss the desirability of continuing the pregnancy (see complete product information). Adverse events reported in >30% of renal, cardiac or liver tran...
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