Tag: "acc" at medical news

Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches

URBANA, Ill. -- Childhood obesity is a national health concern and affects as many as 20 percent of school children. As part of the battle against obesity, the Illinois Center for Soy Foods at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has recently completed a pilot program, called ISOY, to demonstrate the nutritional benefits of including soy in the state's school lunch programs. ...... The...

Physicians may not be accurate in their confidence levels of their diagnoses, says Pitt study

PITTSBURGH, March 29 Physicians' often do not have correct perceptions of the accuracy of their diagnoses at the time they make them, and in significant numbers of cases they may be overconfident--wrong when they believe they are right; or underconfident--right when they believe they are wrong--about their diagnostic assessments, according to a University of Pittsburgh study....... "An overconfi...

Pitt marks 50th anniversary of its Salk polio vaccine with reunion, scientific symposium

PITTSBURGH, March 29 The development of the Salk polio vaccine at the University of Pittsburgh represents one of the most important milestones in medical history. To commemorate the achievements of Jonas Salk, M.D., and his team of Pitt researchers and pay tribute to the people of the Pittsburgh community whose involvement was critical to the success of the endeavor, the University is hosting tw...

Vaccine against childhood pneumonia shows promise

A vaccine against pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease, a severe form of bacterial infection, can substantially reduce hospital admissions and improve the survival of children in developing countries, concludes a trial published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. The authors believe the vaccine should be made available to children in Africa, where rates of severe invasive pneumococcal dis...

Improving access to healthy food has little effect on diet

Improving food shopping access for people living in deprived neighbourhoods has little effect on diet and health, says an editorial in this week's BMJ....... Ensuring communities have good access to healthy affordable food is one of the government's joined up strategies to improve public health and reduce health inequalities. ...... However, evidence to inform how, when, and where to reduce these...

NIAID initiates trial of experimental avian flu vaccine

Fast-track recruitment has begun for a trial to investigate the safety of a vaccine against H5N1 avian influenza, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today. ...... Sites in Rochester, NY, Baltimore and Los Angeles will enroll a total of 450 healthy adults. The clinical sites are part of the NIAID-sponsored V...

Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children

Miami, March 20, 2005--In a study of 200 women, a group of physicians has found that a vast majority of women would be willing to take a cervical cancer vaccine themselves and would allow it to be administered to their children. The findings, which were presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer in Miami, describes women's attitudes toward a potent...

Mailman School of Public Health receives Manhattan Tobacco Cessation Center grant

March 21, 2005 -- The Mailman School of Public Health received a grant to create the Manhattan Tobacco Cessation ...Network, a program dedicated to reducing tobacco use through evidence-based smoking cessation treatment programs. The ...Manhattan Tobacco Cessation Network is one of 19 cessation centers statewide funded by the New York State Department ...of Health's Tobacco Control Program. It...

Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced

ATLANTA--The problem of increasing antibiotic resistance in cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae, a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis, was dramatically reversed following the licensing and use of a new conjugate vaccine for young children in February 2000, according to research conducted at Emory University, the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Centers for Disease Control a...

Earlier use of prostate cancer vaccines urged by Hopkins scientists

Timing is everything when it comes to killing prostate cancer cells with specially tailored vaccines, say scientists testing the drugs in mice at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. ...... .......

AACC and The Endocrine Society partner to promote patient education

The American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC) announced today that The Endocrine Society has endorsed Lab Tests Online and will encourage its members to help spread the word about AACC's award-winning patient education web site. The Endocrine Society, the world's oldest, largest, and most active organization in the field of endocrinology, is the first organization to join the site's new...

Short-term effects of spit tobacco suggest long-term health risks

The study of 16 young men who were habitual spit tobacco users measured their responses 30 minutes after dipping snuff. These readings were compared with measurements from another session involving the same participants after they had used a placebo product that was similar in taste, color and texture but did not contain tobacco or nicotine. The study was randomized and double-blinded; neither th...

Teen athletes continue tobacco use, despite severe consequences

Baltimore, MarylandTobacco use among junior and senior high school student athletes, especially boys, continues to be a serious health risk, despite vigorous efforts to educate them--and their coaches--about the oral lesions that can result.... ...Reporting today during the 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening at the Baltimore Convention Center, a r...

Access to oral health care: Not a level playing field

Baltimore, MarylandPublic-health policy-makers are increasingly concerned about the fact that, even with all the progress in oral health care, there are many groups who simply do not have access to it, and their oral and general health is suffering as a result.... ...At the 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening today at the Baltimore Convention Cente...

Many children are undervaccinated or have delayed vaccinations in their first 2 years of life

Approximately one-third of U.S. children were undervaccinated for more than six months and one-fourth experienced delays in receiving many of the recommended vaccinations during their first 24 months of life, according to a study in the March 9 issue of ....... Remaining appropriately vaccinated at all times decreases a child's risk of contracting vaccine-preventable diseases and prevents diseas...

Researchers close in on breast cancer vaccine

Progress toward development of a breast cancer vaccine has been reported by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and the Siteman Cancer Center in St. Louis....... ...Cancer-fighting vaccines stimulate immune cells to recognize tumor cells as foreign and destroy them. Physicians believe a vaccine-induced immune response could be used to supplement other cancer therapies or to im...

Combining PET and CT scans leads to more accurate radiation therapy for lung cancer patients

March 8, 2005 Using Positron Emission Tomography in addition to Computed Tomography can reduce the amount of radiation exposure to normal tissue in some lung cancer patients, according to a new study published in the March 1, 2005, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology....

Tobacco industry pays scientists to challenge secondhand smoke's link to infant death risk

The link between secondhand smoke and sudden infant death has been discredited in the last few years in scientific articles paid for and influenced by cigarette manufacturers, according to a new study of once-secret industry documents....... The key article, commissioned by Philip Morris and published in a respected pediatric epidemiology journal in 2001, discounts the significance of research sh...

New data on Orqis Medical's Cancion CRS to be reported at ACC

Lake Forest, Calif. March 7, 2005 Newly analyzed research on Orqis Medical's Cancion CRS cardiac recovery system for treating congestive heart failure will be presented at the Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (ACC), held in Orlando, Florida (March 6-9). ...... The data suggests that patients with acutely decompensated chronic heart failure may benefit from the fi...

Common schizophrenia symptoms often overlooked by physicians, according to expert panel

NEW YORK, NY (March 7, 2005) Treatment of schizophrenia has largely focused on controlling positive symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions, while another set of symptoms that are equally important to patients is frequently overlooked by physicians, according to the findings of a new national consumer survey and the authors of a new consensus statement aimed at raising the bar for the tre...

HIV testing should no longer be accorded any special status

HIV testing should no longer be accorded any special status, argue two senior doctors in this week's BMJ....... Voluntary HIV counselling and testing has been accepted practice for more than 10 years, but uptake has been poor, even among those at high risk, resulting in late diagnosis and ongoing spread of infection....... Unless further initiatives are undertaken the epidemic will worsen, they w...

Study examines racial differences among children to environmental tobacco smoke exposure

CINCINNATI -- A new study may help explain why African American children suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illness.... ...The Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study shows that African American children with asthma have significantly higher levels of cotinine -- a substance produced when the body breaks down nicotine -- even though these children's parents report lower ex...

Increasing physician volume requirement could improve mammogram accuracy, study concludes

Increasing the minimum number of mammograms a physician reads annually might improve the overall accuracy of screening mammography in the United States, according to a new study in the March 2 issue of the ...... Certain patient characteristics, such as age and breast density, are known to contribute to mammographic accuracy, but it is not known how the characteristics of physicians trained for...

Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence

Children in the USA and Canada are being vaccinated against influenza without adequate proof that it will work, concludes a study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.... ...Most immunisation campaigns target people aged 65 years or older. The USA and Canada have recently started vaccinating children, including those aged 6 to 24 months, in the hope of reducing disease spread, admissions...

How links with tobacco industry may have influenced the publication of research on second-hand smoke

A paper published in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how links with the tobacco industry may be seen to have influenced the publication of research on the dangers of second-hand tobacco smoke....... In 1987 tobacco industry personnel met to consider how to 'improve the industry's position' on passive smoking. Among the many strategies proposed one proposal made by Philip Morris USA wa...

Hard choices: Pitt researcher presents findings on when to accept organ transplants

PITTSBURGH, Feb. 19 -- A transplant is the only option for someone with end-stage liver disease, but patients face difficult questions when choosing the best time to receive a transplant. Today, in a panel discussion at the 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., a University of Pittsburgh researcher will present findings on how his math...

Brain-scanning technologies need standards, according to Stanford researcher

STANFORD, Calif. - Researchers have developed ever more sensitive ways of peering into the brain to seek out explanations for brain disease. In most cases these technologies are good news for patients, bringing new ways of understanding health and treatment options. However, standards defining ethical ways of moving forward with the new technology are needed in order to prevent abuse....... ...Ju...

Intensive diabetes management yields positive results, according to Pittsburgh project

PITTSBURGH, April 6 Increasing diabetes awareness and integrating a multi-faceted, approach to improve patient care and education, results in significantly improved patient outcomes, according to a report in the April issue of Clinical Diabetes, a publication of the American Diabetes Association. ...... The article reports the results of the first two years of an initiative to increase diabetes...

End of life ICU use may require re-evaluation according to University of Pittsburgh study

PITTSBURGH, April 6 Although most Americans say they would prefer a low-tech approach to death, the opposite is happening with more than 20 percent of terminally ill patients dying in intensive care, according to an article in the March issue of Critical Care Medicine, the journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine....... "This is the first study to provide national scale to the often disc...

Promising vaccine may provide long-lasting protection against malaria

Researchers have developed a unique vaccine that destroys a deadly toxin produced by the parasite that causes malaria, which kills more than two million people each year. The vaccine appears extremely promising in animal studies, they say....... If the drug works in humans, it could become a more effective and longer lasting anti-malarial vaccine than those currently available, according to the r...

NIAID Phase III HIV vaccine trial to determine correlates of protection will not proceed

...... The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) of the Department of Defense (DoD), support a broad, comprehensive HIV/AIDS research and development program. Two recent decisions will substantially contribute to a coordinated and comprehensive U.S. governm...

Gene linked to accelerated brain aging in healthy adults

ORLANDO, Fla. By studying a chemical marker in the brain that reflects the health of brain tissue, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found new clues about why some people experience more rapid age-related brain changes than others. ... The researchers have found an association between nerve cell changes associated with aging and the presence of a variation of the apolipoprotein...

University of Toronto researchers develop potent vaccine for Alzheimer's

.Researchers in the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine have discovered that a vaccine may help prevent and treat the disabling memory loss and cognitive impairment (dementia) of Alzheimer's disease.. .Alzheimer's occurs when toxic biochemical compounds known as amyloid peptides accumulate in the brain, forming amyloid plaque deposits and injuring nerve cells, eventually causing dementi...

Vaccine may complement conventional treatment for chronic leukaemia

A vaccine that boosts the immune response could improve the effect of conventional treatment for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), suggest early results of a trial published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. ...... CML is caused by the breakage and swapping of chromosomes 9 and 22, which results in a shortened chromosome called the Philadelphia chromosome. Cells with the abnormal c...

Immediate access to antibiotics stems spread of sexually transmitted diseases

In an editorial to be published in The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers at Johns Hopkins offer their support for a study which shows that providing faster, more direct access to antibiotics for partners of newly infected patients reduces re-infection rates and spread of sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia, compared to standard practice. ......In the study, t...

'EuroVacc 02' HIV vaccine trial begins in February 2005

Lausanne, Switzerland and London, United Kingdom, February 16, 2005 -- The European Vaccine Effort against HIV/AIDS, today announced that a phase I clinical trial of novel investigational vaccines comprising DNA-HIV-C and NYVAC-HIV-C for the prevention of HIV infection has started in Lausanne and London in February 2005. These vaccines are based on HIV subtype C, which is prevalent in China, Ind...

Flu vaccination benefits people of any age with high-risk medical conditions

CHICAGO Persons younger than 65 with high-risk medical conditions such as chronic lung and heart disease can substantially benefit from annual influenza vaccination during an epidemic, according to a study in the February 14 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ......Influenza continues to be a major cause of illness and death, with an annual 140,000 hos...

Flu vaccination impact on elderly deaths may be over-estimated

CHICAGO Observational studies which report that influenza vaccination reduces winter mortality risk among the elderly by 50 percent may substantially overestimate the vaccination benefit, according to the February 14 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ......Accurate determination of the impact of influenza on mortality is difficult because the infectio...

Risk factors affect parents' attitudes about STD vaccinations

INDIANAPOLIS The severity of possible infection and the effectiveness of a vaccine weighed heavily in the decision-making process for parents reporting their views on childhood vaccination for sexually transmitted diseases. ...... The analysis of 278 parental views on STD vaccination for children was reported in the Feb.7 issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine by res...

NIH awards USC $8.7 million to study tobacco use in China

Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 8, 2005-The National Institutes of Health have awarded $8.7 million to the University of Southern California to study genetic and environmental factors that influence tobacco and alcohol use among adolescents in China and the United States....... The new Pacific Rim Transdisciplinary Tobacco & Alcohol Use Research Center (PR TTURC) is conducting the research, under the d...
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Shriners Hospitals for Children - Lexington Announces Plan to Build New $47 Million Facility 2Health News:Shriners Hospitals for Children - Lexington Announces Plan to Build New $47 Million Facility 3Health News:Hay House Announces The Official Release of Recovery 2.0: Move Beyond Addiction and Upgrade Your Life 2Health News:Hay House Announces The Official Release of Recovery 2.0: Move Beyond Addiction and Upgrade Your Life 3Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 2Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 3Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 4Health News:Top Provider of Continuing Education at Home Releases 20 New Online Courses 2Health News:HealthGuideMD Presents Ways to Improve Your Exercise and Fitness 2
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