Tag: "action" at medical news

UCSF Psychiatry Department receives grant to study innovative drug and substance abuse treatments

...ry: pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action and maintenance. The programis designed to encoura...r to move onto the next stage until they reach the action stage,when they do something concrete to quit smoking such as buy a nicotine patch. Hall is recruit...

Chemists take new approach to fighting resistance

...o a given antibiotic, they become resistant to its action in due time by changing their own genetic make-up to cope with the challenge," explains lead researcher Shahriar Mobashery, Ph.D., professor of chemistry at Wayne State University in Detroit. "The longer the bacteria are exposed to a given antibiotic...

Cancer summit launches global commitment to improve cancer care, research and treatment

...f Paris Against Cancer is the first global call to action against cancer in the new millennium. Its purpose is to foster improved cancer treatment and research worldwide as well as empower patients by educating them about their disease. "The World Summit Against Cancer is a forceful way of drawing a...

NHLBI funds asthma coalitions to improve care among high risk populations

...h workers and volunteers to provide education and action related to reducing environmental triggers of asthma in the home, extending educational opportunities to families and health care providers, and promoting the use of personalized asthma management plans. ...

Scientists: herb known as comfrey can ruin liver, other herbs appear helpful

...o a specific component or represents a synergistic action by a mixture of phytochemicals." Dr. Edzard Ernst of England's University of Exeter conducted five independent searches of the world's medical literature and reviewed the most rigorous studies of feverfew as a method of preventing migraine headaches...

Expert calls for common sense, science in national response to medicinal herbs

... they were difficult to standardize. Uniformity of action was practically unattainable." Digitalis, valued as a remedy for congestive heart failure but impossible to standardize, typified the problem, he said. By the 1960s, unlike those used in most other countries, almost all U.S. medicines were synthetic...

Novel approach may roust HIV from its hiding places

...led LY-335979 (LY) to see if it blocks the pumping action of P-glycoprotein, which is present in surface cells of blood vessels in the brain and testes. She presented the findings during the annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Normally, Choo explained, P-glycop...

New quit strategy offers smokers more pleasure, less risk

...es carcinogens in tobacco smoke. By inhibiting the action of the enzyme, more nicotine remains in the bloodstream and the pleasure smokers get from a cigarette lasts longer. As a result, smokers may light up less frequently. Blocking the enzyme also prevents activation of carcinogenic substances in tobacco ...

Enbrel shown safe, effective in children and teenagers with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

...ctor (TNF) antagonist, a substance that blocks the action of TNF, a naturally occurring protein in the body that helps cause inflammation. It acts as a "sponge" to absorb TNF. The clinical trial adhered to the Food and Drug Administration's "Pediatric Rule," which requires manufacturers of new drugs...

Pittsburgh researcher receives national award: Finds new ways to make molecules used as anti-cancer drugs

...,appear to share the current products' anti-cancer action but are even more stable - potentiallyallowing a lower dose of chemotherapy. Curran's father also was a chemist, "so I was always exposed to chemistry growing up," he said. "ButI really didn't get excited about it as a career until I was an undergrad...

National Alcohol Screening Day (April 6) A national wake-up call

...rs of treatment facilities in the area. "Taking action against alcohol is not easy," observes SAMHSA Administrator Nelba Chavez, Ph.D., "but knowledge is the first step. Awareness and understandingthe kind of outreach provided by this programare key to halting the tide of alcohol problems across the coun...

Drug that curbs nicotine craving may do same for cocaine

...can become addicted. Mecamylamine blocks the action of nicotine, and potentially cocaine, by lowering the net amount of dopamine available in the brain. While cocaine still boosts available levels of dopamine, its overall amount is decreased because mecamylamine has plugged up some of the nicotinic re...

Dietary bioflavonoids induce DNA breaks, may contribute to infant leukemia

...avonoids, like the drugs VP16 and Dox, inhibit the action of an enzyme known as topoisomerase II (topo II), which helps to cleave apart and then rejoin strands of DNA, a process that is pivotal for various cell functions. Leukemia can result when these normal DNA breaks are not properly reconnected, part o...

University of Rochester awarded patent for class of drugs known as cox-2 inhibitors

...companies to identify drugs that would inhibit the action of the enzyme and, in turn, reduce inflammation and pain. The University of Rochester research team was led by Donald Young, M.D., a physician and biochemist who for more than three decades has studied the mechanisms by which steroids reduce infl...

AAPS PharmSciTech Tip Sheet

...ectrophotometry, which also allowed insight on the action mechanism of this interesting peptide....

Researchers identify pathway that may slow the progression of Lou Gehrig's disease

...e given a compound called zVAD-fmk that blocks the action of caspases developed ALS-like symptoms later and lived 22 percent longer than the mice who did not receive the drug. Dr. Przedborski points out that while zVAD-fmk inhibits several caspases at once, pharmaceutical companies have compounds under de...

Taking public health to the streets works

...bout the disease, including the need for immediate action should parents spot meningococcal disease symptoms in children. Symptoms of this rapidly advancing disease include high fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, and confusion. The disease symptoms are often more difficult to detect in newborn...

Castagnolis discover compound in tobacco that may protect against Parkinson's disease

...gs that may directly reproduce the neuroprotective action of smoking without exposing people to its other harmful health effects." The results of the Castagnolis' research, which has included a second study of mice that confirmed their initial findings, is an important step in the study of Parkinson's dise...

First pivotal studies for new alzheimer's treatment published in Neurology

...ent for Alzheimer's disease with dual mechanism of action -- Reminyl™ (galantamine) -- significantly i...vels of acetylcholine in the brain by blocking the action of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (which inactivates acetylcholine), laboratory research has shown ...

New Alzheimer's treatment Reminyl™(galantamine) completes EU mutual recognition procedure

...vels of acetylcholine in the brain by blocking the action of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (which inactivates acetylcholine), laboratory research has shown that Reminyl™ (galantamine) also appears to act on the brain's nicotinic receptors. The "modulation" of these receptors could lead to release of ...

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