Tag: "addiction" at medical news
NIDA sponsors frontiers in addiction research mini-convention
... innovative research into the neurobiology of drug addiction
and alcoholism. This year's recipient will be announced at this event. The NIDA chair is NIDA Deputy Director Dr. Timothy P. Condon. For more information on this NIDA event, call Michelle Person or Blair Gately in the NIDA Press Office at 30...
Mothers have brains primed for care
... which are important in emotional responses, human addiction
studies, and animal studies of maternal behavior. The fathers' brains also appeared to activate in the same way and to the same degree to cries of their own offspring and to cries of an infant unrelated to them. "Conventional wisdom has long suggest...
Smoking affects same 'feel good' brain chemical system as heroin
...pharmacology professor Ed Domino, Ph.D., "Nicotine addiction
is one of the most destructive forces in human health, and we must increase our comprehension of it in order to defeat it. This study represents a key step toward that goal." Zubieta's team has spent several years developing and testing a way of usin...
New finding could make addiction treatment more effective
...sturbance, it could possibly affect the outcome of addiction
treatment," said Godwin. Previous research in animals and humans has shown that alcohol initially acts as a sedative in casual drinkers, making it easier to sleep. But in the second half of the night, sleep is often disrupted. In chronic alcohol ...
New brain cells develop during alcohol abstinence, UNC study shows
...ion and brain volume associated with recovery from addiction
during abstinence from alcohol. "This is really the first biological measure of a major change in neuronal structure consistent with changes that are known to occur when individuals are able to stop drinking," said Crews. For decades, neuroscientists...
Penn addictions expert, Charles P. O'Brien, MD, PhD, receives prestigious, international honor
...ial benefits of recent neurobiological findings in addiction
research for the treatment of alcoholism and other...ent of Psychiatry dealing with brain mechanisms of addiction
and the development of new treatments for these disorders. "I am humbled by the people of Amst...
Proposed addiction treatment successful, safe in second small trial
...A second, small-scale clinical trial of a proposed addiction
treatment originally investigated at the U.S. Depa...ed favorable results in the treatment of long-term addiction
to methamphetamine and/or cocaine, with no visual side effects in any of the 30 patients enrolled. T...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
...a series of biochemical adaptations that result in addiction
if allowed to proceed unchecked. In this week's Journal, McGough et al. identify brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as one of the possible brakes on runaway adaptations of this sort....
Imaging study finds a structural difference in the brains of cocaine addicts
...ot determine whether this difference is a cause of addiction
or results from an early event in the course of dr...that could reflect either vulnerability to cocaine addiction
or changes caused by drug use. Using newly developed imaging techniques to produce extremely detail...
Cocaine addicts show reduced brain structure that underlies judgment
...ther a smaller amygdala might predispose people to addiction
or whether it was a result of the addiction. However, they said that their results indicate that the condition might pre-exist addiction. They suggested that family-based studies and longitudinal studies of cocaine addicts would reveal whether a redu...
Proposed addiction treatment successful, safe in second small trial
A second, small clinical trial of a proposed addiction
treatment led by investigators at NYU School of Me...ed favorable results in the treatment of long-term addiction
to methamphetamine and/or cocaine, with no visual side effects in any of the 30 patients enrolled. ...
Undertreatment spurs new arrests among drug ofenders diverted under California's Proposition 36
...idential care -- even when considering severity of addiction
and complicating factors such as mental health problems. The highest re?arrest rate among Proposition 36 clients occurred among those reporting severe drug problems but who received outpatient care. "Undertreatment appears to be a key ingredient in t...
Employment reduces chronic drug use, UH professors find
...k therapy" as a tertiary prevention model for drug addiction
as an alternative or in addition to traditional therapy options like programs and meetings. "The study demonstrates that welfare reform policy has an unintended benefit," Montoya said. "Employment promotes a healthy lifestyle by providing struc...
U of M research explores addiction as a computational process
...sota researcher developed a computational model of addiction
which can be used to make predictions about human ...animal behavior, and neurophysiology. By bringing addiction
theory into a computational realm, researchers will be able to ask and answer key questions to gain ...
Non-narcotic treatment for migraines
...orphine or Demerol), because it avoids the risk of addiction
to painkillers, noted Dr. Brian Rowe, a professor of emergency medicine at the University of Alberta. "There is a tendency for patients with migraines to become dependent on narcotics for acute pain relief. Unfortunately, narcotics may reduce the pa...
Penn study may lead the way for first medication to treat cocaine addiction
... adds Dackis. "An effective treatment for cocaine addiction
would help those most vulnerable in our society to overpower their addiction
and regain control in their lives."The trial was conducted at Penn's Treatment Research Center betwe...
Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use
... the way for development of other drugs to reverse addiction
without Ibogaine's side effects, potentially addin...use. It has been used outside of the U.S. to treat addiction
by American and other clinicians. But its side effects, including hallucinations, which made it popu...
New research shows heroin use falling across Scotland
...id: 'A drug like heroin takes years to overcome an addiction
for, but hopefully these figures show people are beginning to stop and embrace training and employment. However, the fact that around 1% of Scots are still misusing substances such as heroin is a very real concern.' Around 30% of drug users are fema...
Brain synapse formation linked to proteins, Stanford study finds
...searchers understand diseases such as epilepsy and addiction
in which too many synapses form. "We knew glia had a close relationship with neurons," Barres said. "We never thought the synapses would entirely fail to form without the glia." In fact, that relationship was considered so unlikely that the grant app...
Medication helps alcoholics control drinking
...ohol. For me, that's the fundamental issue of what addiction
is: impaired control." However, this approach requires a substantial change from the abstinence-only philosophy that goes back at least as far as Prohibition. Naltrexone is most effective, says Volpicelli, in a treatment program "designed to support ...
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