Tag: "adrenal" at medical news
Mayo Clinic researcher calls for improved newborn screening
...e problem for one particular condition, congenital adrenal
hyperplasia. Compared to a relatively low false positive rate of just under half of one percent in 2003, the secondary screen lowered the false positive percentage to six-hundredths of one percent (0.06%) in the last half of 2004. He says the system...
Over-the-counter supplement appears effective in treatment of midlife-onset depression
...chives journals. DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone), an adrenal
androgen and neurosteroid is available as a supplement in the U.S. Complementary and alternative medicine is a multimillion dollar industry, reflecting a growing number of people who avoid traditional medication, including anti-depressants, accord...
Steroids increase death risk from traumatic head injury
...crease the likelihood of death by interfering with adrenal
gland function. Steroid use did not reduce the risks of infection among these patients, the authors concluded. Gastrointestinal bleeding complications did not seem to increase or decrease with steroid treatment. Not all physicians routinely prescribe...
Mice with depression-like behaviors reveal possible source of human depression
...tem." In response to stress, the brain signals the adrenal
gland to release hormones, including glucocorticoi...r depressive disorder release excessive amounts of adrenal
hormones, including glucocorticoid, possibly because their brains sense stress differently, accordin...
Women seeking treatment for even minimal 'male-type' hair growth need endocrine evaluation
...study participants were diagnosed with non-classic adrenal
hyperplasia (NCAH), an adrenal
gland dysfunction that often leads to premature development of pubic hair, irregular menstrual perio...
Increased suicide rate is possibly linked to chemicals released from nearby asphalt plants
...en sulfide also affects the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal
axis andcorticotropin releasing factor in animal studies, the report said. This is the part of the brain involved in the stress response, and we think its also involved in psychological resiliency, how people deal with stressors, Weisler said. Its fr...
Endocrine Society calls for clinical guidelines on androgens for women
...in different groups of women, including women with adrenal
insufficiency and premenopausal women with decreased libido, but not with low androgen levels....
Herpes virus offers new hope in curing cancer
...ors that usually begin in the nerve tissues of the adrenal
gland, but may also begin in the nerve tissues of the neck, chest or pelvis. These are solid cancerous tumors that are diagnosed in approximately 650 children in the United States each year, and most of these children are diagnosed before age five. I...
DHEA may help decrease abdominal fat in elderly persons
...ne such change is the decline in production of the adrenal
hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). The blood level of DHEA, most of which is present in the sulfated form (DHEAS), peaks at approximately 20 years of age and declines rapidly and markedly after age 25. DHEA administration has been shown to reduc...
Abdominal fat decreases, insulin action improves when elderly take hormone
...rican Medical Association. DHEA is produced by the adrenal
glands. In humans, levels of DHEA peak at about age 20 and then gradually decline. By the time we are 70, we have only about 20 percent of the peak amount circulating in the body. The decline in DHEA has been associated with the deleterious effects o...
Research in monkeys suggests estrogen therapy may lower androgens in postmenopausal women
...ournal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The adrenal
glands are the primary source of androgen hormones...d decline in androgens, others factors involved in adrenal
androgen production are not well-known. Regulation of androgen levels may be particularly important ...
MRI proves more sensitive than CT in detecting adrenal adenomas
MRI is better than unenhanced CT in evaluating adrenal
adenomas (benign masses on the adrenal
glands), a new study suggests. "We studied 40 patients (with 42 adrenal
masses) who had undergone bo...
USC study finds hormone supplement used by athletes may not increase testosterone
...ted," Sokol says. DHEA is normally produced by the adrenal
gland. Sokol notes that further study is needed on the specific effects of DHEA and similar hormones, which are classified as nutritional supplements and unregulated by the United States Food and Drug Administration. "Young kids of high school and co...
Large-scale analysis of women with androgen excess: thorough treatment can reduce symptoms
...y small number of cancers, classic and non-classic adrenal
hyperplasias, and hyperandrogenic insulin-resistant acanthosis nigricans (HAIRAN) syndrome. In contrast, 93.24 percent of patients were diagnosed based on symptoms and the exclusion of other disorders. About 82 percent were found to have an endocrine...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for January 2004 (first issue)
...ny of a group of hormones that are produced by the adrenal
cortex. They can be produced synthetically for use in the treatment of many diseases, including asthma.) Safety concerns have been expressed about the long-term use of these drugs since they have been shown to cause resorption of bone. The investi...
Antidepressants decrease chronic pain by inhibiting TNF production in brain, UB researchers find
...imilarly to adrenaline, which is released from the adrenal
gland in response to arousal and stress, such as might occur during combat, for example. Increases in adrenaline enable persons to perform necessary functions in spite of increased fear or stress. "Our laboratory has evidence that constant painful st...
Common drug, given promptly, reduces incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder, small study finds
...enalin and noradrenalin, which are produced in the adrenal
glands, located atop the kidneys. This response, known as "adrenergic activation," initiates the reactions that quicken the heart rate, constrict the vasculature to prevent bleeding to death, and provide energy to the muscles, priming the body to "fi...
Unrestricted metabolic research grant awarded to Beth Israel Deaconess
... neuroendocrine axis for reproductive, thyroid and adrenal
control. Dr. Flier has created a dynamic team at Beth Israel Deaconess and we are very pleased to add our support to this exciting work." "The unrestricted grant from Bristol Myers Squibb is providing the opportunity for my lab to examine new hypothe...
Chronic drinking increases cortisol during intoxication and withdrawal
...id in humans. Glucocorticoids are produced by the adrenal
glands, two thumb-size organs that lie behind both...ectly affects many brain chemicals that signal the adrenal
glands to produce and secrete cortisol. High levels of intoxication may be interpreted as general '...
Comfort-food cravings may be body's attempt to put brake on chronic stress
...of hormonal signaling from the hypothalamus to the adrenal
glands glucocorticoids prompt rats to engage in p...lly occurring inhibitory feedback mechanism of the adrenal
stress system, its chronic response to stress - in which a barrage of threats, scares or frustration...
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