Tag: "african" at medical news

African-American women with endometrial cancer have more aggressive cancer than Caucasian women

Miami, March 21, 2005--In two studies of African-American women with endometrial cancer, a group of investigators from Walter Reed Army Medical Center and the National Cancer Institute has found that African-American women with advanced endometrial cancer have more aggressive tumors than Caucasian women, potentially leading to worse outcomes. ...... Specifically, the investigators first performe...

New colorectal cancer screening recommendations for African Americans

Bethesda, MD, March 21, 2005 Physician experts from the American College of Gastroenterology have issued new recommendations to healthcare providers to begin colorectal cancer screening in African Americans at age 45 rather than 50 years. Colonoscopy is the preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer and data support the recommendation that African-Americans begin screening at a younger...

Researchers say breast cancer in Africa may provide clues to the disease in African-Americans

A new review finds similarities between the clinical presentation and course of breast cancer in Africans and African-Americans, suggesting that genetic factors may play a significant role in the racial differences encountered in the epidemiology of breast cancer in America. The article, published in the April 15, 2005 issue of CANCER ( ), a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, a...

Obesity among African-American stroke survivors increases risk factors for recurrent stroke

CHICAGO Obesity may put African-Americans who have survived one stroke at risk for a second stroke by increasing their risk of hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes and high cholesterol, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ......Obesity has become epidemic in the United States and African-Americans have the highest rate o...

African-Americans receive less aggressive heart attack treatment

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. According to a study at the Maya Angelou Research Center on Minority Health at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, African-Americans continue to receive less aggressive treatment for heart attack than whites....... Alain G. Bertoni, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of medicine at Wake Forest Baptist, and his colleagues found that nearly 60 percent of every 100 whi...

UM outreach programs increase kidney transplants among African-Americans

Transplant surgeons at the University of Maryland Medical Center say they have successfully reduced barriers to kidney transplantation for African-Americans to cut the median waiting time for transplant in half. Their achievement stems from a comprehensive program that includes patient education and efforts to increase living donation and improve overall kidney graft survival. Results of the...

African-Americans may need more medication to control asthma

(NORTHBROOK, IL, February 7, 2005) - Racial differences may play a significant role in determining a patient's response to asthma medications. A new study in the February issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), shows that asthmatic and nonasthmatic African-Americans required higher doses of glucocorticoids to suppress lymphocytes, which play...

Good medicine, good economics: African-Americans need equal treatment for pain, SLU study finds

ST. LOUIS -- As if doing the right thing isn't enough, Saint Louis University researchers have found another reason African-Americans and the poor should receive equal medical treatment and compensation for occupational back pain. ......It's actually cheaper in the long run, concludes study author John T. Chibnall, Ph.D., associate professor of psychiatry at Saint Louis University School of Medi...

Beliefs may hinder HIV prevention among African-Americans

CORVALLIS, Ore. A new study suggests that a number of African Americans are distrustful of the government's role in the origin and treatment of HIV/AIDS and that African American men who have such beliefs also have more negative attitudes toward condoms and use them less consistently.... The study was funded by the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, one of the National...

African Americans half as likely to receive surgery for esophageal cancer

Alexandria, VA-- African Americans with esophageal cancer are half as likely as whites to be seen by a surgeon and to receive life-prolonging surgery, a new study shows. The study, which examined racial disparities in access to surgical evaluation, receipt of surgery, and survival among older patients with esophageal cancer, found that only 25% of African-American patients received potentially cu...

Study suggests obesity has lesser financial impact on African-Americans

BOSTON Obesity may impose a smaller healthcare cost on African-Americans than other demographic groups, according to a study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) that found spending on obesity-related problems becomes progressively higher as adults grow older....... The study published in the January 2005 issue of the Journal of American Public Health is among the f...

Triple-drug therapy promising against African HIV subtype

Triple-drug antiretroviral regimens that are widely used in the United States and Europe against one HIV-1 subtype appear to be effective in South African patients infected with a different HIV-1 subtype who also have tuberculosis (TB) or Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), according to a study published in the Feb.1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. The South African subtype,...

Tamoxifen's risks similar in African American and white women

African American and white women who are treated with tamoxifen for breast cancer appear to have the same risks of contralateral breast cancer and thromboembolic events, according to a new study in the December 1 issue of the ...... Between 2% and 15% of women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer will develop contralateral breast cancer--cancer in the opposite breast--depending on age and...

ESA service makes customised maps available to African aid workers

ESA has been working in partnership with Mdecins Sans Frontires (MSF) Belgium to remedy this. The result is the Medical Humanitarian Disaster Mapping Service (HUMAN). Since last year the service has been using satellite imagery to prepare on-demand maps of remote areas for humanitarian organisations. ...Now HUMAN has gone one better, enabling those organisations to make their own customised maps...

'Sobering' disparity: African-Americans receive less compensation for job-related back injuries

ST. LOUIS -- African-Americans with work-related back injuries have less money spent on their medical care and receive less compensation for their injuries than Caucasians, according to a Saint Louis University study in the December issue of Pain....... "The implications of these differences are sobering," said Raymond C. Tait, Ph.D., a professor of psychiatry at Saint Louis University School of...

African children with HIV would benefit from daily doses of cheap antibiotic

Results of a randomised trial in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how the low-cost antibiotic co-trimoxazole should be given to all children with HIV in developing countries to help reduce illness and death from opportunistic infections such as pneumonia. The trial was stopped early when it became obvious that co-trimoxazole treatment nearly halved the mortality rate compared with place...

African-American heart attack patients fare worse long term

DURHAM, N.C. -- In the largest analysis of its kind, researchers from the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) found that African-American heart attack patients have a 1.7 times higher death rate than Caucasians one year after being treated in the hospital. ......The researchers also found that while mortality rates within the first 30 days after treatment were similar between the two ethnic g...

New Crestor data in African-American patients with high cholesterol

NEW ORLEANS (November 9, 2004) -- New data presented today at the American Heart Association's Annual Scientific Sessions showed that AstraZeneca's CRESTOR (rosuvastatin calcium) at 10 and 20 mg reduced LDL-C or "bad" cholesterol by 37 and 46 percent, compared to 32 and 39 percent at similar doses with atorvastatin in African-American patients. CRESTOR also brought more patients in this study to...

New medication dramatically decreases congestive heart failure in African-American patients

DALLAS Nov. 8, 2004 A new medication has dramatically reduced mortality among African-American patients suffering from heart disease, according to results of a study including UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers. ...The results were so favorable that investigators halted the multi-center trial so that all the 1,050 study participants suffering from advanced heart failure, inclu...

Churches nationwide issue plea for increased rates of African American organ donation

Washington, D.C., November 4, 2004 -- African American churches and black transplant surgeons nationwide will take part in the Linkages to Life: Organ, Tissue, and Bone Marrow Donation Awareness Program on November 14, with hopes of saving thousands of African Americans waiting for a transplant. The day coincides with the National Donor Sabbath declared by the U.S. Department of Health and Human...

White physicians slower to prescribe HIV medications for African-Americans than for whites

A new UCLA study shows that African-American HIV patients treated by white doctors receive life-saving HIV medication less than those who have an African-American doctor. ...... "Does Racial Concordance Between HIV-Positive Patients and Their Physicians Affect the Time to Receipt of Protease Inhibitors?" is published in the November issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine. ...... The cl...

TIGER Workshop puts focus on space for African water management

The 8 to 10 November TIGER 2004 Workshop is being jointly organised by ESA and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) along with South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and its Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF). Some 150 participants are expected to attend, a hundred from African countries representing both water users and...

New study of African-American and Hispanic colorectal cancer patients

ORLANDO (November 1, 2004) -- In a study African-American and Hispanic patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science between 1996 and 2004 over one-quarter were diagnosed before age 50. This new research presented at the 69th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology highlights the importance of colorectal cancer scree...

Socio-economic factors sway African-Americans

Socio-economic factors are a major influence on why Blacks are less likely than Whites to quit smoking once they have started, although Blacks are more likely to be lifetime nonsmokers than Whites, according to researchers. ... Differences between Black and White cessation rates are reduced considerably when comparisons factor in gender, educational levels, age, marital status and geographic regi...

Misconceptions about sexual violence common among South African youth

Misconceptions about sexual violence and the risk of HIV infection and AIDS are common among South African youth, finds a study in this week's BMJ....... Researchers surveyed over 269,000 South African school pupils aged 10-19 years about their views on and experiences of sexual violence....... Misconceptions about sexual violence were common among both sexes, but more females held views that wou...

Prison stigma leads to poor health for African American men

The Justice Policy Institute (2002) estimated that between 1980 and 2000, three times as many African American men went to prison than to universities and colleges. A study published in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship supports that following release from prison, men in this demographic group need steady jobs and stable homes to prevent imminent health problems, yet find it extremely difficult...

AIDS toll in African heartland isn't always what people think

EAST LANSING, Mich. New ways to study the impact of HIV/AIDS on rural African families is showing that conventional wisdom isn't necessarily wise, and pointing to better ways to help those struggling in the wake of death....... ...A new method to gauge who is most likely dying from AIDS, and what it means to rural families, is painting a new picture of HIV/AIDS in the heartland of African countr...

Eye drops may delay or prevent glaucoma in African Americans at higher risk

Eye drops that reduce elevated pressure inside the eye can delay or possibly prevent the onset of glaucoma in African Americans at higher risk for developing the disease, researchers have found. This makes it more important to identify African Americans at higher risk for developing glaucoma so they can receive prompt evaluation for possible medical treatment. These results are reported in the Ju...

African-Americans respond poorly to hepatitis C treatment

DURHAM, N.C. African-Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers....... Some African-Americans 19 percent did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic whites with the same disease, the hepatitis C gen...

African-Americans more likely to die of colon cancer

African-Americans with colon cancer are more than 50 percent more likely to die of their cancer within five and ten years after surgery than Caucasians. According to a new study published May 24, 2004 in the online edition of CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the racial differences in long-term survival may be due not to tumor stage at diagnosis or treatment i.e., f...

Depressive symptoms in middle-aged inner-city African-Americans higher than expected

Middle-aged African-Americans who live in the inner city have a higher than expected level of depressive symptoms which can lead to additional health problems, according to research from the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute, Inc. ... ...To better understand depression in older urban African-Americans, Douglas Miller, M.D., professor of medicine at the Indiana Un...

Development of rare esophageal cancer in African-Americans may differ from whites

The development of an aggressive but rare type of esophageal cancer in African-Americans may follow a different path than the same disease in whites, and is more likely to be fatal, according to results of a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins....... Whites who develop the cancer, called esophageal adenocarcinoma, usually develop an abnormal lining of their throat condition called Barrett's met...

South African MRC hosts the African branch office of EDCTP Secretariat

The Hague, the Netherlands The Assembly of the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) unanimously selected the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) to host the African Branch Office. The EDCTP Secretariat will have two offices, one in The Hague (the Netherlands), hosted by NWO and one now in Cape Town....... The EDCTP aims to accelerate the development of n...

Doctor attacks South African government for failing women while spending billions on arms deals

Hamburg, Germany: A leading South African cancer doctor has attacked his country's government for wasting money on "luxuries" such as defence while failing to implement a basic breast screening policy that could prevent many women dying from cancer....... Professor Justus Apffelstaedt told the 4th European Breast Cancer Conference that, while billions of rand are being spent by the government's D...

College education protects Caucasian women against obesity more than African American women

ORLANDO, Fla. -- College-educated African American women have significantly higher body mass index (BMI) ratings than Caucasian women who have been to college, according to a presentation given today at the American Psychosomatic Society Conference in Orlando, Fla. ...Researchers at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago followed 2017 women whose average age was approximately 46 years old from...

Rectal cancer treatment gaps, especially for African Americans, seen in new study

ANN ARBOR, MI Colorectal cancer may be getting a lot of attention in the public eye, but many rectal cancer patients still aren't getting the best care -- especially those who are African-American.... ...Those findings are drawn from a new study published today in the journal by a University of Michigan Health System surgeon and her colleagues.... ...The study adds to the long list of racial d...

Five more African countries to benefit from Schistosomiasis Control Initiative

Another five countries from across Africa have today been informed that they will benefit from a multi-national project to tackle schistosomiasis. ...... Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Zambia and Tanzania, will be supported by the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI), based at Imperial College London and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. In these countries children and adults in aff...

M. D. Anderson, African-American churches team up for prostate cancer prevention study

HOUSTON - The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is teaming with more than 40 Houston-area African-American churches to encourage men in their congregations to participate in a prostate cancer prevention study, the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT).... ...SELECT Sunday - a nationwide effort to increase the number of African-American men enrolled in SELECT - wil...

Vaccines against fatal African cattle fever

Research carried out in the Netherlands has led to the development of two new vaccines against East Coast Fever. This fatal cattle disease is prevalent in various parts of Africa and is caused by parasite transmitted by ticks. The new vaccines are easier to use and involve less risks than the current prevention measures. ...... During his doctoral research, Stephen Kaba made two vaccines based on...

Penn study to determine why African-American males have worse outcomes from prostate cancer

(Philadelphia, PA) Compared with Caucasian, Asian, or Hispanic men, African-American men have the highest incidence of prostate cancer in the world, are stricken at a younger age and, once diagnosed, are more likely to suffer bad outcomes from the disease including death, impotence and incontinence. ...To understand why African Americans have poorer outcomes when they are diagnosed with prosta...
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