Tag: "alcoholics" at medical news

UF Psychiatrists Use Antidepressants To Treat Smoking Addiction

...lcoholism is alcohol. You wouldn't propose to most alcoholics who were drinking vodka that they should switch to beer. So the idea behind nicotine replacement and detoxification may be somewhat flawed." Smoking cigarettes is tied to more than 400,000 deaths in the United States each year from cancer, st...

Study Finds St. John's Wort Can Cut Alcohol Consumption

...han synthetic drugs. One of the major problemswith alcoholics is that they don't like to take medications that have sideeffects. St. John's wort might be different in that it would just reduce theirdesire for alcohol." The scientist said he became curious about the herb after reading andhearing reports ...

Symposium on treating drug addiction -- Tip sheet

...combination create a chemical imbalance thatleaves alcoholics vulnerable to relapse. (George F. Koob, Ph.D., The ScrippsResearch Institute, La Jolla. MEDI 157, 9:45 a.m.) New non-addictive medication for cocaine addicts A compound that has some of the properties of cocaine-but is not addictive-couldhelp ...

Alcohol: the chemistry of the dark side

...s of alcohol on brainchemistry help to explain why alcoholics experience long-lasting feelings oftension and dis...ping to suppress the dark feelings aroused by CRF, alcoholics drink more-butthe more they drink, the more CRF is produced. This cycle ultimately raisesthe "set ...

Drinking study shows many young men at risk

...men. "We're not saying that 25 per cent of men are alcoholics -- but they are puttingthemselves at risk of developing liver disease or cancer in the long run and ofbeing involved in an accident in the short run," says lead author Susan Bondy,assistant professor of public health sciences at U of T and scientist ...

Just a spoonful of thiamin?

...d but Martinspeculated that at least 10 percent of alcoholics have some degree of thetwo syndromes. Even though most alcoholics do not have the characteristicsof an "extreme stage of brain damage" such as Wernicke's or Korsakoff...

Abstemious mice offer hint at molecular target for treating alcoholism

...aid. A long-running UC San Diego study of sons of alcoholics illustrates the theoryin humans. The ongoing tria...'s effects as teenagers were less likely to become alcoholics asadults. The UCSF results may suggest, said the researchers, that mutations in the genefor the PKC...

Behavioral sensitization: A new perspective on alcoholism

...ing that theory. A more procurable group would be alcoholics at risk of relapse. "Sensitization may occur in relation to recent cessation of drinking," said Hodge. "An alcoholic who has been alcohol-free for some time may start drinking again. MK-801 could be useful, in this case, to diminish the effects ...

Fine-tuning naltrexone treatment for alcoholics

... Yet researchers couldn't quite determine why some alcoholics were helped and others were not, despite their equal commitment to quit drinking. McCaul's findings may help resolve this mystery. "This paper is especially important on two fronts," said Volpicelli. "First, it begins to identify that, for at lea...

Specifying alcohol-related brain damage in young women

...ze' brain activity in young women. Young, female alcoholics have significant aberrations in brain and cognitiv...normalities is similar to that documented in older alcoholics with many years of abusive drinking." Both Tapert and Sullivan see the need for researchers to c...

Behavioral therapies plus pharmacotherapies can add up to success

...ltrexone versus a placebo during the 90 days after alcoholics completed a two-week daily alcohol treatment progr... alcohol significantly less heavily as compared to alcoholics who were given a placebo," said Monti. "While naltrexone did not affect whether alcoholics had any ...

Testing for alcohol problems in the workplace

...vious studies have shown that problem drinkers and alcoholics have higher rates of sickness-related absence from...tudies have demonstrated that problem drinkers and alcoholics have more sickness absence in days and spells compared with individuals without alcohol-related prob...

A few drinks a day do no harm to the alcoholic heart

For alcoholics who suffer from alcohol-related heart failure, cut...eart-pumping efficiency of a group of men who were alcoholics and were suffering from heart failure. They found that those who abstained from alcohol over a year...

Alcoholics may be more injury prone than illicit drug users

...idence of injury did not necessarily mean that the alcoholics had relapsed and were once again drinking alcohol. In fact, he said, "the follow-up high prevalence of injury came as a bit of a surprise. Our hypothesis that injury at follow up would be significantly associated with ongoing alcohol consumption wa...

Alcohol researchers find genetic locus of human brain wave

... highly heritable. Beta EEG frequency, elevated in alcoholics and their alcohol-nave offspring, for some years h...is responsible for heightened beta EEG activity in alcoholics and their offspring. The authors of today's study relied on recent advances in statistical and molec...

The brain risks of binge drinking

...d of time relative to the decades of drinking that alcoholics do, and may be an important early process in the p.... However, he added, "a study of relatively young alcoholics published some time ago in the British journal Lancet showed that indicators of relatively permane...

Exploring the brain chemistry of people at risk for alcohol disorders

Children of alcoholics (COAs) tend to exhibit attention deficit disorder,...Research overwhelmingly indicates that children of alcoholics are more likely to develop significant alcohol problems, such as abuse or dependence, than will chil...

Choline prevents liver failure in patients on IV nutrition

...ificantly increases choline metabolism; therefore, alcoholics have a much greater choline requirement and are mo... elsewhere are investigating the use of choline in alcoholics to assess whether choline supplementation may prevent cirrhosis. ...

Continued disruption of movement among alcoholics despite abstinence

...m refers to the disease that affects a majority of alcoholics who do not demonstrate clinical symptoms of alcoho...cs." Researchers examined two groups: 39 abstinent alcoholics (13 men, 26 women) recruited from local inpatient and outpatient treatment facilities, and 21 health...

Alcohol may hasten the progression of cancer

...cer survival time for tumor-bearing patients. For alcoholics without known cancer, loss of natural killer cells...y also allow scientists to develop ways to protect alcoholics from infection. Another possibility for future leptin research, according to Meadows, is related to ...

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