Tag: "alcoholism" at medical news
Alcohol relapse adversely affects 10-year liver transplant survival
...ascular events," state the authors. They note that alcoholism
is associated with an increased risk for several malignancies in the non-immunosuppressed population and that tobacco consumption increased in alcohol relapsers, which may account for the higher rate of these types of diseases and subsequent mortalit...
Medication helps alcoholics control drinking
...nths of recovery. "Short-term treatment of NTX for alcoholism
gives a meaningful benefit in preventing a relapse...nking." While few professionals advise people with alcoholism
to abandon the ultimate goal of total abstinence, Volpicelli argues that about 20 million Americans ...
Alcohol's damaging effects on adolescent brain function
...between antisocial behavior during adolescence and alcoholism
may be explained by abnormalities in the frontal limbic system, which appears to cause "blunted emotional reactivity." "The 'emotional reactivity' concept is fairly novel in this context," said Monti. "Scientific findings suggest that certain behavi...
2001-2002 survey finds that many recover from alcoholism
...ried or cohabiting, those with a family history of alcoholism
and persons who had experienced fewer symptoms of dependence. The greater the peak quantity of alcohol consumed, the lower the likelihood of either type of recovery. In addition, having a personality disorder was associated with a lower likelihood of...
First new treatment for alcoholism in ten years, now available Campral(R) (acamprosate calcium)
...receive medication to treat it.(7) Left untreated, alcoholism
increases the risk for heart disease, liver disease, infectious disease, and cancer.(8)...
Drinking and spousal abuse by male US Army soldiers
...luding spousal abuse," added Smith. "Treatment for alcoholism
or problem drinking has similar effectiveness to t...same with people who have diabetes. Treatment for alcoholism
does work, and can prevent or reduce the frequency of relapses in many people. However, like most c...
Nerve damage from alcoholism reversed after liver transplantation
Organ damage that goes beyond the liver due to alcoholism
is often seen as a barrier to liver transplantation, despite a lack of data on how a transplant affects these complications. A new study describes a patient with alcoholic liver disease complicated by peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage affecting the...
Penn addictions expert, Charles P. O'Brien, MD, PhD, receives prestigious, international honor
...indings in addiction research for the treatment of alcoholism
and other forms of drug dependency. Dr. O'Brien will be presenting the work of his team at the Philadelphia VAMC and Penn's Department of Psychiatry dealing with brain mechanisms of addiction and the development of new treatments for these disorder...
Alcoholics can have deficits in visuoperception and frontal executive function despite sobriety
...form tasks that individuals without a history of alcoholism
do not need to use to perform the same tasks at normal levels. Detoxified alcoholics often have visuospatial and visuoperceptual deficits, characterized by difficulties completing tasks such as putting pieces of a puzzle together or map reading. A...
Heavy drinking raises the risk of early death after heart attack
...Also, it's not possible to predict in which people alcoholism
will become a problem. Given these and other risks, the American Heart Association cautions people NOT to start drinking if they do not already drink alcohol. Consult your doctor on the benefits and risks of consuming alcohol in moderation. Co-auth...
New brain cells develop during alcohol abstinence, UNC study shows
...may have significant implications for treatment of alcoholism
during recovery. The discovery of regeneration of neurons in recovery opens up new avenues of therapies aimed at regeneration of brain cells."When animals learn, they make more neurons. When animals exercise, they make more neurons and learn faster, ...
Gender and sex hormones affect the brain's pain response and more, according to new studies
...rs. On the other hand, more men than women develop alcoholism
and abuse drugs." The study of hormone-related differences between male and female brains is not as simple as it may seem at first. Straightforward comparisons of males and females are not possible because of the cyclical nature of reproductive horm...
Study reports genetic susceptibility to alcoholism in NMDA receptor
...45 healthy subjects, some with a family history of alcoholism
and others with no family history. None of the stu...ere then observed. People with a family history of alcoholism
were less sensitive to ketamine. "This study confirms a hypothesis that people with a family history...
Topiramate: a potential new medication for treating alcoholism
Few medications to treat alcoholism
exist. New research shows that a drug called topir...o are not yet abstinent. "Few medications to treat alcoholism
exist," said Bankole A. Johnson, Wurzbach Distinguished Professor in the departments of psychiatry a...
Different subgroups of alcoholics respond differently to serotonin-acting medication
... "The rationale for looking at these two types of alcoholism
separately was rooted in earlier research that suggested there were differences in serotonin metabolism between the two groups," said Moak. "What is very interesting about the results that were obtained in earlier work by these authors is that the g...
Naltrexone injections for alcohol dependence: once-a-month treatment helps maintain sobriety
...e expected to contribute substantially to improved alcoholism
Chronic fatigue syndrome and Gulf War veterans
...th the DD genotype (which has been associated with alcoholism
and cardiac disease) were 8 times more likely to develop CFS or ICF than those with the lower prevalence II genotype. These results suggest that there may be an interaction between these genetic variants and some factor unique to deployment to the P...
Mayo Clinic establishes landmark research program to predict and prevent alcoholism
...th the long-term goal of predicting and preventing alcoholism
and other chemical dependencies. The first step in...is research program. "We have known for years that alcoholism
runs in families and that children of alcoholic parents are at very high risk of developing the prob...
Are toddlers who can't sleep at higher risk of becoming teens who smoke, drink or do drugs?
...ssion, aggression, attention problems and parental alcoholism
were taken into account. Long-term data on girls a...ther of the child's parents met the definition for alcoholism
in the last three years. Ages 9-11 The mothers were again asked to use the CBCL to assess their...
Childhood abuse may predict social phobia, agoraphobia, and PTSD among adult alcoholics
...clinicians can attest to the high co-occurrence of alcoholism
and other psychiatric disorders, although the exact contribution of genetic and environmental factors to coexisting psychopathologies remains unclear. Findings published in the March issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research have uncov...
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